Died on September 14

258 Cyprian bishop of Carthage and an important Early Christian writer, many of whose Latin works are extant. He was born around the beginning of the 3rd century in North Africa, perhaps at Carthage, where he received a classical education. After converting to Christianity, he became a bishop soon after in 249. A controversial figure during his lifetime, his strong pastoral skills, firm conduct during the Novatianist heresy and outbreak of the plague, and eventual martyrdom at Carthage vindicated his reputation and proved his sanctity in the eyes of the Church. His skillful Latin rhetoric led to his being considered the pre-eminent Latin writer of Western Christianity until Jerome and Augustine
407 John Chrysostom an important Early Church Father. He is known for his preaching and public speaking, his denunciation of abuse of authority by both ecclesiastical and political leaders, the Divine Liturgy of John Chrysostom, and his ascetic sensibilities. The epithet Χρυσόστομος means "golden-mouthed" in Greek and was given on account of his legendary eloquence
585 Emperor Bidatsu the 30th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.
685 Constantine IV Byzantine Emperor from 668 to 685. His reign saw the first serious check to nearly 50 years of uninterrupted Islamic expansion, while his calling of the Sixth Ecumenical Council saw the end of the monothelitism controversy in the Byzantine Empire
775 Constantine V Byzantine Emperor from 741 to 775.
786 Al-Hadi the fourth Abbasid caliph who succeeded his father Al-Mahdi and ruled from 169 AH until his death in 170 AH.
891 Pope Stephen V Pope from September 885 to his death in 891. He succeeded Pope Adrian III, and was in turn succeeded by Pope Formosus. In his dealings with Constantinople in the matter of Photius, as also in his relations with the young Slavic Orthodox church, he pursued the policy of Pope Nicholas I
949 Fujiwara no Tadahira a Japanese statesman, courtier and politician during the Heian period. He is also known as Teishin-Kō or Ko-ichijō Dono or Ko-ichijō daijō-daijin
1126 Constance of France Princess of Antioch the daughter of King Philip I of France and Bertha of Holland. She was a member of the House of Capet and was princess of Antioch from her second marriage and Countess of Troyes from her first marriage. She was regent during the minority of her son
1146 Imad ad-Din Zengi an atabeg of Turkish descent, ruler of Mosul, Aleppo, Hama, and Edessa and founder of the Zengid dynasty, to which he gave his name.
1164 Emperor Sutoku the 75th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.
1214 Albert Avogadro a Catholic canon lawyer who served as Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem from 1204 until his death.
1404 Albert IV Duke of Austria a Duke of Austria.
1415 Michael de la Pole 2nd Earl of Suffolk an English nobleman, supported Henry IV against Richard He died during the Siege of Harfleur in 1415. He was a son of Michael de la Pole, 1st Earl of Suffolk and Katherine Wingfield, daughter of Sir John Wingfield
1435 John of Lancaster 1st Duke of Bedford the third surviving son of King Henry IV of England by Mary de Bohun, and acted as regent of France for his nephew, King Henry VI.
1485 Giovanni Mocenigo doge of Venice from 1478 to 1485. He fought at sea against the Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II and on land against Ercole I d'Este, duke of Ferrara, from whom he recaptured Rovigo and the Polesine. He was interred in the Basilica di Santi Giovanni e Paolo, a traditional burial place of the doges. His dogaressa was Taddea Michiel , who was to be the last dogaressa to be crowned in Venice until Zilia Dandolo in 1557, almost a century later
1487 Mara Branković the daughter of Serbian monarch Đurađ Branković and Eirene Kantakouzene. She entered the harem of Sultan Murad II of the Ottoman Empire. The coast between Salonica and Kassandra peninsula has been named "Kalamarija" after her – "Mary the Good"
1495 Elizabeth Tudor (1492–1495) a Princess, the second daughter and fourth child of Henry VII of England and Elizabeth of York.
1523 Pope Adrian VI the 218th pope of the Catholic Church from 9 January 1522 until his death on 14 September 1523.
1538 Henry III of Nassau-Breda a count of the House of Nassau.
1550 Françoise d'Alençon the eldest daughter of René of Alençon and Margaret of Lorraine, and the younger sister and despoiled heiress of Charles IV, Duke of Alençon.
1560 Anton Fugger a German merchant and member of the Fugger family. He was a nephew of Jacob Fugger
1605 Jan Tarnowski (1550–1605) Archbishop of Gniezno and Primate of Poland. His coat of arms was Rola
1613 Thomas Overbury an English poet and essayist, also known for being the victim of a murder which led to a scandalous trial. His poem A Wife , which depicted the virtues that a young man should demand of a woman, played a large role in the events that precipitated his murder
1637 Pierre Vernier a French mathematician and instrument inventor. He was inventor and eponym of the vernier scale used in measuring devices
1637 Theodoor Rombouts a Flemish Baroque painter specializing in Caravaggesque genre scenes depicting lively dramatic gatherings.
1638 John Harvard (clergyman) an English minister in America, "a godly gentleman and a lover of learning", whose deathbed bequest to the "schoale or Colledge" recently undertaken by the Massachusetts Bay Colony was so gratefully received that it was consequently ordered "that the Colledge agreed upon formerly to bee built at Cambridg shalbee called Harvard Colledge."‍.
1646 Robert Devereux 3rd Earl of Essex an English Parliamentarian and soldier during the first half of the seventeenth century. With the start of the English Civil War in 1642 he became the first Captain-General and Chief Commander of the Parliamentarian army, also known as the Roundheads. However, he was unable and unwilling to score a decisive blow against the Royalist army of King Charles He was eventually overshadowed by the ascendancy of Oliver Cromwell and Thomas Fairfax and resigned his commission in 1646
1709 Luis Manuel Fernández de Portocarrero a Spanish prelate, who was cardinal archbishop of Toledo. Uncle of Luis Antonio Tomas de Portocarrero y Moscoso, 5th Count, who became a Grandee of Spain, 2nd class, since 1707 by King Felipe V of Spain
1710 Miguel Núñez de Sanabria a Spanish official in Peru and an oidor of the Audiencia of Lima. Twice he was interim viceroy of Peru , in virtue of his office as president of the Audiencia
1712 Giovanni Domenico Cassini an Italian mathematician, astronomer, engineer, and astrologer. Cassini, also known as Gian Domenico Cassini, was born in Perinaldo, near Imperia, at that time in the County of Nice under the control of the Republic of Genoa. Cassini is known for his work in the fields of astronomy and engineering. Cassini most notably discovered four satellites of the planet Saturn and noted the division of the rings of Saturn. Giovanni Domenico Cassini was also the first of his family to begin work on the project of creating a topographic map of France. Launched in 1997, the Cassini spaceprobe was named after him and became the fourth to visit Saturn and the first to orbit the planet
1737 Jan Kanty Moszyński a Polish-Lithuanian nobleman and politician, Treasurer of the Crown Court from 1729. He came from a poor noble family but married the daughter of Augustus II the Strong. His grandfather was Andrzej Ludwik Moszyński. His father, Aleksander Michał, lived in a small village in Podlasie and served as its treasurer. He was awarded the Order of White Eagle on February 18, 1730. Moszyński and more so his son Frederyk August Moszyński built a notable museum collection
1743 Nicolas Lancret born in Paris, and became a brilliant depicter of light comedy which reflected the tastes and manners of French society under the regent Orleans.
1745 Martino Altomonte an Italian Baroque painter of Austrian descent who mainly worked in Poland and Austria.
1749 Richard Temple 1st Viscount Cobham a British soldier and Whig politician. After serving as a junior officer under William III during the Williamite War in Ireland and during the Nine Years' War, he fought under John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough during the War of the Spanish Succession. During the War of the Quadruple Alliance Temple led a force of 4,000 troops on a raid on the Spanish coastline which captured Vigo and occupied it for ten days before withdrawing. In Parliament he generally supported the Whigs but fell out with Sir Robert Walpole in 1733. He was known for his ownership of and modifications to the estate at Stowe Park and for serving as a political mentor to the young William Pitt
1759 Louis-Joseph de Montcalm a French soldier best known as the commander of the forces in North America during the Seven Years' War.
1775 Janusz Aleksander Sanguszko a magnate in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. He held the titles of miecznik and Court Marshal of Lithuania. He was not interested in politics, and spent most of his life using the fortunes previous members of the Sanguszko family gathered, spending it on his lavish lifestyle. Indebted, in 1753 he agreed to divide the ordynacja ostrogoska he inherited from his mother, Marianna Lubomirska, among the members and allies of the familia. This decision, known as the transakcja kolbuszowska, was opposed by the enemy of familia, hetman Jan Klemens Branicki, and was finally accepted by the decision of Sejm in 1766
1807 George Townshend 1st Marquess Townshend a British soldier and politician. After serving at the Battle of Dettingen during the War of the Austrian Succession and the Battle of Culloden during the Jacobite Rising, Townshend took command of the British forces for the closing stages of the Battle of the Plains of Abraham during the Seven Years' War. He went on to be Lord Lieutenant of Ireland or Viceroy where he introduced measures aimed at increasing the size of Irish regiments, reducing corruption in Ireland and improving the Irish economy. In cooperation with Prime Minister North in London he imposed much greater British control over Ireland. He also served as Master-General of the Ordnance, first in the North Ministry and then in the Fox–North Coalition
1809 Jean Boudet a French général de division of the French Revolutionary Wars and the Napoleonic Wars. The campaigns in which he was involved include the Saint-Domingue expedition. He was made a grand officer of the Légion d'honneur on 2 June 1809 and a knight of the Order of the Iron Crown, as well as a Comte de l'Empire in 1808. His name is engraved on the 16th column of the east side of the Arc de Triomphe in Paris
1817 Princess Hermine of Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym by birth a princess of the House of Ascania and by marriage an Archduchess of Austria.
1820 François Joseph Lefebvre a French military commander during the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars and one of the original eighteen Marshals of the Empire created by Napoleon.
1821 Stanisław Kostka Potocki a Polish noble, count, General of artillery, politician, writer, publicist, architect, a great collector and patron of arts and the third Prime Minister of Poland and the Duchy of Warsaw. He was a co-founder of the Society of Friends of Science in the Duchy of Warsaw in 1800. From 1807 he was a member of the Governing Commission, chairman of the Education Chamber, and from 1810 director of the Commission of National Education. In 1809 he became chairman of the Council of State and the Council of Ministers. Between 1818-20 he was chairman of the Senate
1821 Heinrich Kuhl a German naturalist and zoologist.
1829 Uvedale Price a Herefordshire landowner who was at the heart of the 'Picturesque debate' of the 1790s.
1833 John Andrew Stevenson an Irish composer. He is best known for his piano arrangements of Irish Melodies with poet Thomas Moore. He was granted an honorary doctorate by the University of Dublin and was knighted in April 1802
1833 Antoine Christophe Merlin a member of several legislative bodies during the era of the French Revolution. He is usually called "Merlin de Thionville" to distinguish him from Philippe-Antoine Merlin de Douai
1835 John Brinkley (astronomer) The Rev. John Mortimer Brinkley D.D. was the first Royal Astronomer of Ireland and later Bishop of Cloyne. He was President of the Royal Irish Academy , President of the Royal Astronomical Society and awarded the Copley Medal in 1824
1836 Aaron Burr the third Vice President of the United States ; he served during President Thomas Jefferson's first term.
1846 Jacques Dupré a Louisiana State Representative, State Senator and the eighth Governor.
1846 Carl Almenräder a German performer, teacher and composer.