September 15 events in history

668 Eastern Roman Emperor Constans II is assassinated in his bath at Syracuse, Italy
921 At Tetin, Saint Ludmila is murdered at the command of her daughter-in-law
994 Major Fatimid victory over the Byzantine Empire at the Battle of the Orontes
1440 Gilles de Rais, one of the earliest known serial killers, is taken into custody upon an accusation brought against him by the Bishop of Nantes
1556 Departing from Vlissingen, ex-Holy Roman Emperor Charles V returns to Spain
1616 The first non-aristocratic, free public school in Europe is opened in Frascati, Italy
1762 Seven Years' War: Battle of Signal Hill
1776 American Revolutionary War: British forces land at Kip's Bay during the New York Campaign
1789 The United States "Department of Foreign Affairs", established by law in July, is renamed the Department of State and given a variety of domestic duties
1812 The French army under Napoleon reaches the Kremlin in Moscow
1812 War of 1812: A second supply train sent to relieve Fort Harrison is ambushed in the Attack at the Narrows
1816 HMS Whiting runs aground on the Doom Bar
1820 Constitutionalist revolution in Lisbon, Portugal
1821 Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica jointly declare independence from Spain
1830 The Liverpool to Manchester railway line opens
1831 The locomotive John Bull operates for the first time in New Jersey on the Camden and Amboy Railroad
1835 HMS Beagle, with Charles Darwin aboard, reaches the Galápagos Islands. The ship lands at Chatham or San Cristobal, the easternmost of the archipelago
1851 Saint Joseph's University is founded in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
1862 American Civil War: Confederate forces capture Harpers Ferry, Virginia
1873 Franco-Prussian War: The last German troops leave France upon completion of payment of indemnity
1894 First Sino-Japanese War: Japan defeats Qing dynasty China in the Battle of Pyongyang
1916 World War I: Tanks are used for the first time in battle, at the Battle of the Somme
1935 The Nuremberg Laws deprive German Jews of citizenship
1935 Nazi Germany adopts a new national flag bearing the swastika
1940 World War II: The climax of the Battle of Britain, when the Royal Air Force shoots down large numbers of Luftwaffe aircraft
1942 World War II: U.S. Navy aircraft carrier USS Wasp is sunk by a Japanese torpedo at Guadalcanal
1944 Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill meet in Quebec as part of the Octagon Conference to discuss strategy
1944 Battle of Peleliu begins as the United States Marine Corps' 1st Marine Division and the United States Army's 81st Infantry Division hit White and Orange beaches under heavy fire from Japanese infantry and artillery
1945 A hurricane in southern Florida and the Bahamas destroys 366 planes and 25 blimps at NAS Richmond
1947 RCA releases the 12AX7 vacuum tube
1947 Typhoon Kathleen hit the Kanto Region in Japan killing 1,077
1948 The F-86 Sabre sets the world aircraft speed record at 671 miles per hour (1,080 km/h)
1950 Korean War: United States forces land at Inchon
1952 The United Nations cedes Eritrea to Ethiopia
1958 A Central Railroad of New Jersey commuter train runs through an open drawbridge at the Newark Bay, killing 48
1959 Nikita Khrushchev becomes the first Soviet leader to visit the United States
1961 Hurricane Carla strikes Texas with winds of 175 miles per hour
1962 The Soviet ship Poltava heads toward Cuba, one of the events that sets into motion the Cuban missile crisis
1963 16th Street Baptist Church bombing: Four children killed at an African-American church in Birmingham, Alabama, United States
1966 U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson, responding to a sniper attack at the University of Texas at Austin, writes a letter to Congress urging the enactment of gun control legislation
1968 The Soviet Zond 5 spaceship is launched, becoming the first spacecraft to fly around the Moon and re-enter the Earth's atmosphere
1972 A Scandinavian Airlines System domestic flight from Gothenburg to Stockholm is hijacked and flown to Malmö-Bulltofta Airport
1974 Air Vietnam Flight 706 is hijacked, then crashes while attempting to land with 75 on board
1975 The French department of "Corse" (the entire island of Corsica) is divided into two: Haute-Corse (Upper Corsica) and Corse-du-Sud (Southern Corsica)
1978 Muhammad Ali outpointed Leon Spinks in a rematch to become the first boxer to win the world heavyweight title three times at the Superdome in New Orleans
1981 The Senate Judiciary Committee unanimously approves Sandra Day O'Connor to become the first female justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
1981 The John Bull becomes the oldest operable steam locomotive in the world when the Smithsonian Institution operates it under its own power outside Washington, D.C
1981 Vanuatu becomes a member of the United Nations
1983 Israeli premier Menachem Begin resigns
1987 United States Secretary of State George Shultz and Soviet Foreign Minister Eduard Shevardnadze sign a treaty to establish centers to reduce the risk of nuclear war