Died on September 16

307 Flavius Valerius Severus a Western Roman Emperor from 306 to 307.
655 Pope Martin I reigned from 21 July 649 to his death in 655. He was born near Todi, Umbria, in the place now named after him. He succeeded Pope Theodore I on 5 July 649. He was the only pope during the Byzantine Papacy whose election was not approved by a iussio from Constantinople. Martin I was abducted by Emperor Constans II and died at Cherson. He is considered a saint and martyr by the Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Church
1087 Pope Victor III Pope from 24 May 1086 to his death in 1087. He was the successor of Pope Gregory VII, yet his pontificate is far less impressive in history than his time as Desiderius, the great Abbot of Monte Cassino
1100 Bernold of Constance a chronicler and writer of tracts, and a defender of the Church reforms of Pope Gregory VII.
1150 Sibylla of Burgundy the second queen consort of Roger II of Sicily.
1343 Philip III of Navarre the second son of Louis of Évreux and Margaret of Artois and therefore a grandson of King Philip III of France. Because of this descent, he was a possible heir to the throne of France
1345 John IV Duke of Brittany John IV, Duke of Brittany, and 6th Earl of Richmond from 1341 to his death. He was the son of Arthur II, Duke of Brittany and his second wife, Yolande de Dreux. He contested the inheritance of the Duchy of Brittany by his niece, Joan of Penthièvre, which led to the War of the Breton Succession, which in turn evolved into being part of the Hundred Years' War between England and France. John's patron in his quest was King Edward III of England. He died in 1345, 19 years before the end of the war, and the victory of his son John V over Joan of Penthièvre and her husband, Charles of Blois
1360 William de Bohun 1st Earl of Northampton an English nobleman and military commander.
1380 Charles V of France a monarch of the House of Valois who ruled as King of France from 1364 to his death.
1394 Antipope Clement VII elected to the papacy as Pope Clement VII by the French cardinals who opposed Urban VI, and was the first antipope of the Avignon papacy.
1406 Cyprian Metropolitan of Moscow Metropolitan of Kiev and All Rus' with the Metropolitan's residence in Moscow.
1498 Tomás de Torquemada a Spanish Dominican friar and the first Grand Inquisitor in Spain's movement to restore Christianity among its populace in the late 15th century.
1542 Diego de Almagro II the assassin of Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro. El Mozo, named Diego de Almagro after his father, was the son of the famous Diego de Almagro and a native Panama Indian
1583 Catherine Jagiellon the wife of John III of Sweden. As such, she was Duchess of Finland , Queen of Sweden and Grand Princess of Finland. Catherine had significant influence over state affairs during the reign of her husband, and negotiated with the pope to introduce a counter reformation in Sweden
1589 Michael Baius a Belgian theologian. He came up with the school of thought Baianism
1594 Caspar Schütz a German historian.
1661 Cornelis Vroom a Dutch Golden Age landscape painter.
1670 William Penn (Royal Navy officer) an English admiral and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1660 to 1670. He was the father of William Penn, founder of the Province of Pennsylvania
1672 Anne Bradstreet the most prominent of early English poets of North America and first female writer in the British North American colonies to be published. Her first volume of poetry was The Tenth Muse Lately Sprung Up in America, published in 1650. It was met with a positive reception in both the Old World and the New World
1681 Jahanara Begum the eldest daughter of Emperor Shah Jahan and Empress Mumtaz Mahal. She was also the older sister of her father's successor and the sixth Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb
1701 James II of England King of England and Ireland as James II and King of Scotland as James VII, from 6 February 1685 until he was deposed in the Glorious Revolution of 1688. He was the last Roman Catholic monarch to reign over the Kingdoms of England, Scotland and Ireland
1736 Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit best known for inventing the mercury-in-glass thermometer , and for developing a temperature scale now named after him.
1745 James Butler 2nd Duke of Ormonde an Irish statesman and soldier. He was the third of the Kilcash branch of the family to inherit the earldom of Ormond. Like his grandfather the 1st Duke, he was raised as a Protestant, unlike his extended family who held to Roman Catholicism. He served in the campaign to put down the Monmouth Rebellion, in the Williamite War in Ireland, in the Nine Years' War and in the War of the Spanish Succession but was accused of treason and went into exile after the Jacobite rising of 1715
1753 Georg Wenzeslaus von Knobelsdorff a painter and architect in Prussia.
1759 Nicolas Antoine Boulanger a French philosopher and man of letters during the Age of Enlightenment.
1764 Francis Josias Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld a duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld.
1775 Allen Bathurst 1st Earl Bathurst a British politician.
1778 Melusina von der Schulenburg Countess of Walsingham the natural daughter of King George I of Great Britain and his longtime mistress, Melusine von der Schulenburg, Duchess of Kendal.
1782 Farinelli the stage name of Carlo Maria Michelangelo Nicola Broschi , celebrated Italian castrato singer of the 18th century and one of the greatest singers in the history of opera.
1792 Nguyễn Huệ the second emperor of the Tây Sơn Dynasty of Vietnam, reigning from 1788 until 1792. He was also one of the most successful military commanders in Vietnam's history
1793 Johann Adolf Schlegel a German poet and clergyman.
1803 Nicolas Baudin a French explorer, cartographer, naturalist and hydrographer.
1819 John Jeffries a Boston physician, scientist, and a military surgeon with the British Army in Nova Scotia and New York during the American Revolution. Born in Boston, Jeffries graduated from Harvard College and obtained his medical degree at the University of Aberdeen. He is best known for accompanying Jean-Pierre Blanchard on his 1785 balloon flight across the English Channel. Jeffries also played a large role in the trial for the Boston Massacre as a witness for the defense. He was the surgeon for Patrick Carr, who was one of the Americans shot during that incident
1824 Louis XVIII of France a monarch of the House of Bourbon who ruled as King of France and Navarre from 1814 to 1824 except for a period in 1815 known as the Hundred Days. Louis XVIII spent twenty-three years in exile, from 1791 to 1814, during the French Revolution and the First French Empire, and again in 1815, during the period of the Hundred Days, upon the return of Napoleon I from Elba
1824 Giacomo Tritto an Italian composer, known primarily for his 54 operas. He was born in Altamura, and studied in Naples; among his teachers were Nicola Fago, Girolamo Abos, and Pasquale Cafaro. Amongst his pupils were the young Vincenzo Bellini around 1821, plus Ferdinando Orlandi. He died in Naples
1825 Franciszek Karpiński the leading sentimental Polish poet of the Age of Enlightenment. He is particularly remembered for his religious works later rendered as hymns and carols. He is also considered one of the most original Polish writers of the early partitions. In his native Poland he was cherished during the Polish Romantic Period of the early 19th century
1834 Antoine-Vincent Arnault a French dramatist.
1837 Philippe Buonarroti an Italian utopian socialist, writer, agitator, and freemason; he was mainly active in France. His History of Babeuf’s ‘Conspiracy of Equals' became a bible for revolutionaries, inspiring such leftists as Blanqui and Marx. He proposed a mutualist strategy that would revolutionize society by stages, starting from monarchy to liberalism, then to radicalism, and finally to communism
1840 Paul Rudolf von Bilguer a German chess master and chess theoretician from Ludwigslust in the Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin.
1842 Richard Wellesley 1st Marquess Wellesley an Irish and British politician and colonial administrator.
1843 Ezekiel Hart an entrepreneur and politician in British North America. He is said to be the first Jew to be elected to public office in the British Empire, but this assertion is made questionable by the election of the Jewish Francis Salvador to the South Carolina General Assembly in 1774
1843 José María Queipo de Llano 7th Count of Toreno a nineteenth-century Spanish politician and historian. In Spain he is simply known as Conde de Toreno
1845 Dmitry Tatishchev a Russian diplomat and art collector, and an intimate friend of Ferdinand VII of Spain.
1845 Thomas Davis (Young Irelander) an Irish writer who was the chief organiser and poet of the Young Ireland movement.
1846 Heinrich Menu von Minutoli a Prussian Generalmajor, explorer and archaeologist.
1846 Andrew Kim Taegon the patron saint of Korea. In the late 18th century, Roman Catholicism began to take root slowly in Korea and was introduced by laypeople. In 1836 Korea saw its first consecrated missionaries arrive, only to find out that the people there were already practicing Catholicism
1847 Grace Aguilar an English novelist and writer on Jewish history and religion. As a child she showed great interest in history, especially Jewish history. The death of her father lead to her writing to support herself
1852 Therese von Lützow a German author.
1862 Boniface de Castellane a Marshal of France.
1865 Christian Julius de Meza the commander of the Danish army during the 1864 Second Schleswig War. De Meza was responsible for the withdrawal of the Danish army from the Danevirke, an event which shocked the Danish public and resulted in the loss of his command