September 16 events in history

307 Emperor Severus II is captured and imprisoned at Tres Tabernae. He is later executed (or forced to commit suicide) after Galerius unsuccessfully invades Italy
1400 Owain Glyndŵr is declared Prince of Wales by his followers
1620 Pilgrims set sail from England on the Mayflower
1701 James Francis Edward Stuart, sometimes called the "Old Pretender", becomes the Jacobite claimant to the thrones of England and Scotland
1776 American Revolutionary War: The Battle of Harlem Heights is fought
1779 American Revolutionary War: The Franco-American Siege of Savannah begins
1795 The first occupation by United Kingdom of Cape Colony, South Africa with the Battle of Hout Bay, after successive victories at the Battle of Muizenberg and Wynberg, after William V requested protection against revolutionary France's occupation of the Netherlands
1810 With the Grito de Dolores, Father Miguel Hidalgo begins Mexico's fight for independence from Spain
1812 The Fire of Moscow begins shortly after midnight and destroys three quarters of the city days later
1863 Robert College of Istanbul-Turkey, the first American educational institution outside the United States, is founded by Christopher Robert, an American philanthropist
1880 The Cornell Daily Sun prints its first issue in Ithaca, New York. The Sun is the nation's oldest, continuously-independent college daily
1893 Settlers make a land run for prime land in the Cherokee Strip in Oklahoma
1908 The General Motors Corporation is founded
1919 The American Legion is incorporated
1920 The Wall Street bombing: A bomb in a horse wagon explodes in front of the J. P. Morgan building in New York City killing 38 and injuring 400
1928 The Okeechobee hurricane strikes southeastern Florida, killing more than 2,500 people. It is the third deadliest natural disaster in United States history, behind the Galveston hurricane of 1900 and the 1906 San Francisco earthquake
1940 World War II: Italian troops conquer Sidi Barrani
1941 World War II: Concerned that Reza Shah Pahlavi, the Shah of Iran, was about to ally his petroleum-rich empire with Nazi Germany, the United Kingdom and the Soviet Union invade Iran in late August and force the Shah to abdicate in favor of his son, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
1943 World War II: The Allied invasion of Italy concludes when Heinrich von Vietinghoff, commander of the German Tenth Army, orders his troops to withdraw from Salerno
1945 World War II: The surrender of the Japanese troops in Hong Kong is accepted by Royal Navy Admiral Sir Cecil Harcourt
1947 Typhoon Kathleen hits Saitama, Tokyo and Tone River area, at least 1,930 killed
1955 The military coup to unseat President Juan Perón of Argentina is launched at midnight
1955 A Soviet Navy Zulu-class submarine becomes the first submarine to launch a ballistic missile
1959 The first successful photocopier, the Xerox 914, is introduced in a demonstration on live television from New York City
1961 The United States National Hurricane Research Project drops eight cylinders of silver iodide into the eyewall of Hurricane Esther. Wind speed reduces by 10%, giving rise to Project Stormfury
1961 Typhoon Nancy, with possibly the strongest winds ever measured in a tropical cyclone, makes landfall in Osaka, Japan, killing 173 people
1963 Malaysia is formed from the Federation of Malaya, Singapore, North Borneo (Sabah) and Sarawak. However, Singapore soon leaves this new country
1966 The Metropolitan Opera House opens at Lincoln Center in New York City with the world premiere of Samuel Barber's opera Antony and Cleopatra
1970 King Hussein of Jordan declares military rule following the hijacking of four civilian airliners by the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP). This results in the formation of the Black September Palestinian paramilitary unit
1975 Papua New Guinea gains independence from Australia
1975 The Cape Verde Islands, Mozambique, and São Tomé and Príncipe join the United Nations
1975 The first prototype of the Mikoyan MiG-31 interceptor makes its maiden flight
1976 Shavarsh Karapetyan saves 20 people from the trolleybus that had fallen into Yerevan reservoir
1978 An earthquake measuring 7.5 to 7.9 on the Richter scale hits the city of Tabas, Iran killing about 25,000 people
1980 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines join the United Nations
1982 1982 Lebanon war: the Sabra and Shatila massacre in Lebanon takes place
1987 The Montreal Protocol is signed to protect the ozone layer from depletion
1990 The railroad between the People's Republic of China and Kazakhstan is completed at Dostyk, adding a sizable link to the concept of the Eurasian Land Bridge
1992 The trial of the deposed Panamanian dictator Manuel Noriega ends in the United States with a 40-year sentence for drug trafficking and money laundering
1992 Black Wednesday: The pound is forced out of the European Exchange Rate Mechanism by currency speculators and is forced to devalue against the German mark
1994 The British government lifts the broadcasting ban imposed against members of Sinn Féin and Irish paramilitary groups in 1988
2005 The Camorra organized crime boss Paolo Di Lauro is arrested in Naples, Italy
2007 One-Two-GO Airlines Flight 269 carrying 128 crew and passengers crashes in Thailand killing 89 people
2007 Mercenaries working for Blackwater Worldwide shoot and kill 17 Iraqis in Nisour Square, Baghdad; all criminal charges against them are later dismissed, however they are later tried and convicted of the crime
2013 A gunman kills twelve people at the Navy Yard in Washington, D.C
2014 The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant launches its Kobane offensive against Syrian–Kurdish forces