Died on September 17

1025 Hugh Magnus co-King of France under his father, Robert II, from 1017 until his death in 1025. He was a member of the House of Capet, a son of Robert II by his third wife, Constance of Arles
1148 Conan III Duke of Brittany duke of Brittany, from 1112 to his death. He was the son of Duke Alan IV and Ermengarde of Anjou
1179 Hildegard of Bingen Saint Hildegard of Bingen, O.S.B. also known as Saint Hildegard, and Sibyl of the Rhine, was a German writer, composer, philosopher, Christian mystic, Benedictine abbess, visionary, and polymath. Elected a magistra by her fellow nuns in 1136, she founded the monasteries of Rupertsberg in 1150 and Eibingen in 1165. One of her works as a composer, the Ordo Virtutum, is an early example of liturgical drama and arguably the oldest surviving morality play
1224 Emperor Ningzong of Song the 13th emperor of the Song Dynasty who reigned from 1194 to 1224. His temple name means "Tranquil Ancestor". His reign was noted for the cultural and intellectual achievements. In particular, Zhu Xi wrote some of his most famous works during this period. However, Ningzong personally was known for aversion to the daoxue spread at court
1226 William VI Marquess of Montferrat the Marquess of Montferrat from 1203 and pretender to the Kingdom of Thessalonica from 1207.
1322 Robert III Count of Flanders Count of Nevers 1273–1322 and Count of Flanders 1305–1322.
1422 Constantine II of Bulgaria ruled as emperor of Bulgaria in Vidin from 1397 to 1422. He was born in the early 1370s, and died in exile at the Serbian court on 17 September 1422. Constantine II claimed the title Emperor of Bulgaria and was accepted as such by foreign governments, but he is often omitted from listings of rulers of Bulgaria
1482 William III Landgrave of Thuringia landgrave of Thuringia and claimant duke of Luxemburg. He is actually the second William to rule Thuringia, and in Luxembourg; he was the third Margrave of Meissen named William
1485 Pedro de Arbués C.R.S.A. was an official of the Spanish Inquisition who was assassinated in the La Seo Cathedral of Zaragoza in 1485 in an alleged plot by conversos and Jews. He was very quickly venerated as a saint by popular acclaim, and his death greatly assisted the Inquisition and its Inquisitor General, Tomás de Torquemada, in their campaign against heresy and crypto-Judaism
1503 Iovianus Pontanus an Italian humanist and poet.
1513 Jan V of Zator a Duke of Zator during 1468–1474 , and ruler over half of Zator from 1474 until his death.
1563 Henry Manners 2nd Earl of Rutland an English nobleman. He also held the title of 13th Baron de Ros of Hamlake, a title to which he acceded in 1543
1574 Pedro Menéndez de Avilés a Spanish admiral and explorer from the region of Asturias, Spain, remembered for planning the first regular trans-oceanic convoys and for founding Augustine, Florida in 1565. This was the first successful Spanish settlement in La Florida and the most significant city in the region for nearly three hundred years. Augustine is the oldest continuously inhabited European-established settlement in the continental United States. Menéndez subsequently became the first governor of Florida
1575 Heinrich Bullinger a Swiss reformer, the successor of Huldrych Zwingli as head of the Zurich church and pastor at Grossmünster. A much less controversial figure than John Calvin or Martin Luther, his importance has long been underestimated; recent research shows that he was one of the most influential theologians of the Protestant Reformation in the 16th century
1604 Lucas Osiander the Elder a German pastor of the Evangelischen Landeskirche in Württemberg. He was a son of the reformer Andreas Osiander and father to Lucas Osiander the Younger
1609 Judah Loew ben Bezalel alt. Loewe, Löwe, or Levai, widely known to scholars of Judaism as the Maharal of Prague, or simply The MaHaRaL, the Hebrew acronym of "Moreinu ha-Rav Loew," was an important Talmudic scholar, Jewish mystic, and philosopher who, for most of his life, served as a leading rabbi in the cities of Mikulov in Moravia and Prague in Bohemia
1621 Robert Bellarmine an Italian Jesuit and a Cardinal of the Catholic Church. He was one of the most important figures in the Counter-Reformation. He was canonized in 1930 and named a Doctor of the Church. Bellarmine is also widely remembered for his role in the Galileo affair
1630 Thomas Lake Secretary of State to James I of England. He was a Member of Parliament in 1604, 1614, 1625 and 1626
1658 Georg Philipp Harsdorffer a Baroque-period German poet and translator.
1658 Kaspar von Barth a German philologist and writer.
1665 Philip IV of Spain King of Spain and Portugal as Philip III. He ascended the thrones in 1621 and reigned in Spain until his death and in Portugal until 1640. Philip is remembered for his patronage of the arts, including such artists as Diego Velázquez, and his rule over Spain during the challenging period of the Thirty Years' War
1666 Augustus the Younger Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg. In the estate division of the House of Welf of 1635, he received the Principality of Wolfenbüttel
1676 Sabbatai Zevi a Sephardic Rabbi and kabbalist who claimed to be the long-awaited Jewish Messiah. He was the founder of the Jewish Sabbatean movement
1679 John of Austria the Younger a Spanish general and political figure. He was the only natural son of Philip IV of Spain to be acknowledged by the King and trained for military command and political administration. Don John advanced the causes of the Spanish Crown militarily and diplomatically at Naples, Sicily, Catalonia, the Netherlands, Portugal, Dunkirk and other fronts, and remained a popular hero even as the fortunes of Imperial Spain began to decline. In 1677 in a palace coup he took control of the monarchy of his half-brother Charles II of Spain, but he proved far from the savior Spain had hoped he would He remained in power until his death in 1679
1699 Augustus Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Plön-Norburg Duke of a small part of Schleswig-Holstein around Nordborg Castle on the island of Als. He was the founder of the Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Plön-Norburg line
1721 Marguerite Louise d'Orléans Grand Duchess of Tuscany, as the wife of Grand Duke Cosimo III de' Medici. Deprived of her lover, Charles V of Lorraine, and yearning for France, Marguerite Louise despised her husband and his family, whom she often quarrelled with and falsely suspected of attempting to poison her. Marguerite Louise reconciled with the Medici on more than one occasion, however, only to promptly resume hostilities
1731 Gustav Duke of Zweibrücken the Count Palatine of Kleeburg from 1701 until 1731 and the Duke of Zweibrücken from 1718 until 1731. His titles included: 5th Duke of Stegeborg , Pfalzgraf zur Rhein, and Herzog von Bayern
1749 Johann Georg Liebknecht a German theologian and scientist. He was professor of mathematics and theology at the Ludoviciana in Giessen, Germany
1762 Francesco Geminiani an Italian violinist, composer, and music theorist.
1771 Tobias Smollett a Scottish poet and author. He was best known for his picaresque novels, such as The Adventures of Roderick Random and The Adventures of Peregrine Pickle , which influenced later novelists such as Charles Dickens. George Orwell admired Smollett very much. His novels were amended liberally by printers; a definitive edition of each of his works was edited by O. Brack, to correct variants
1785 Antoine Léonard Thomas a French poet and literary critic, best known in his time for his great eloquence. He was born in Clermont-Ferrand and died, aged 52, in Oullins
1786 Tokugawa Ieharu the tenth shogun of the Tokugawa shogunate of Japan, who held office from 1760 to 1786.
1791 Tomás de Iriarte y Oropesa a Spanish neoclassical poet.
1800 Johann Euler a Swiss-Russian astronomer and mathematician. Also known as Johann Albert Euler or John-Albert Euler, he was the first child born to the great Swiss mathematician Leonhard Euler who had emigrated to Saint-Petersburg on 17 May 1727. His mother was Katharina Gsell whose maternal grandmother was the famous scientific illustrator Maria Sibylla Merian and whose father was the Swiss Baroque painter Georg Gsell who had emigrated to Russia in 1716. Katharina married Leonhard Euler on 7 January 1734 and Johann Albert would be the eldest of their 13 children
1803 Franz Xaver Süssmayr an Austrian composer, most famous for his completion of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's Requiem.
1808 Benjamin Bourne an American jurist and politician from Bristol, Rhode Island. He represented Rhode Island in the U.S. House of Representatives and served as a judge in both the federal district and federal appellate courts
1816 Vladislav Ozerov the most popular Russian dramatist in the first decades of the 19th century.
1821 Gheorghe Lazăr a Transylvanian-born Romanian scholar, the founder of the first Romanian language school - in Bucharest, 1818.
1823 Abraham-Louis Breguet a horologist who made many innovations in the course of a career in watchmaking in France. In his lifetime he was considered the leading watchmaker of his day, and he built up a clientele that included many leading public figures and members of the European nobility. Alongside his friend and contemporary John Arnold, Breguet is now widely acknowledged as one of the greatest horologists of all time
1831 Amalia von Helvig a German and Swedish artist, writer, translator, socialite, Salonist and culture personality. She is known as an inspiration for many artists. She was a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Arts
1832 Francesco Carelli an administrative officer of the Kingdom of Naples and an important numismatist, coin collector and antiquarian. He had a special interest in ancient coins and himself had an important collection of ancient Greek coins. In an extensive work, Numorum Italiae veteris Tabulae CCII he put together all the known ancient coins of Italy
1834 Karl David Ilgen a German Old Testament scholar and classical philologist.
1835 Ernst Friedrich Karl Rosenmüller now a part of Veilsdorf in the District of Hildburghausen, Thuringia.
1836 Antoine Laurent de Jussieu a French botanist, notable as the first to publish a natural classification of flowering plants; much of his system remains in use today. His classification was based on and extended unpublished work by his uncle, the botanist Bernard de Jussieu
1847 Ioannis Kolettis a Greek politician who played a significant role in Greek affairs from the Greek War of Independence through the early years of the Greek Kingdom, including as Minister to France and serving twice as Prime Minister.
1858 Dred Scott an enslaved African American man in the United States who unsuccessfully sued for his freedom and that of his wife and their two daughters in the Dred Scott Sandford case of 1857, popularly known as the "Dred Scott Decision." The case was based on the fact that although he and his wife Harriet Scott were slaves, they had lived with his slave owner, John Emerson, in states and territories where slavery was illegal according to both state laws and the Northwest Ordinance of 1787, including Illinois and Minnesota. The United States Supreme Court decided 7–2 against Scott, finding that neither he nor any other person of African ancestry could claim citizenship in the United States, and therefore Scott could not bring suit in federal court under diversity of citizenship rules. Moreover, Scott's temporary residence outside Missouri did not bring about his emancipation under the Missouri Compromise, which the court ruled unconstitutional as it would improperly deprive Scott's owner of his legal property
1862 William E. Starke a wealthy Gulf Coast businessman and a brigadier general in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. He was killed in action at the Battle of Antietam while commanding the famed "Stonewall Division," a unit first made famous under Stonewall Jackson
1863 Charles Robert Cockerell an English architect, archaeologist, and writer.
1863 Alfred de Vigny a French poet, playwright, and novelist.
1864 Walter Savage Landor an English writer and poet. His best known works were the prose Imaginary Conversations, and the poem Rose Aylmer, but the critical acclaim he received from contemporary poets and reviewers was not matched by public popularity. As remarkable as his work was, it was equalled by his rumbustious character and lively temperament