Died on September 18

96 Domitian Roman emperor from 81 to 96. Domitian was the third and last emperor of the Flavian dynasty
887 Pietro I Candiano briefly the sixteenth Doge of Venice in 887.
993 Arnulf Count of Holland also known as Aernout or Arnold succeeded his father in 988 as Count in Frisia. He was born in 951 in Ghent and because of this he is also known as Arnulf of Ghent. Arnulf was the son of Dirk II, Count of Holland and Hildegard, thought to be a daughter of Arnulf of Flanders
1017 Henry of Schweinfurt the Margrave of the Nordgau from 994 until 1004. He was called the "glory of eastern Franconia" by his own cousin, the chronicler Thietmar of Merseburg
1180 Louis VII of France a Capetian King of the Franks from 1137 until his death. He was the son and successor of Louis VI and he married Eleanor of Aquitaine, one of the wealthiest and most powerful women in western Europe. Eleanor brought the vast Duchy of Aquitaine as a dowry to Louis, thus temporarily extending the Capetian lands to the Pyrenees, but their marriage was annulled in 1152 as no male heir could be produced
1261 Konrad von Hochstaden Archbishop of Cologne from 1238 to 1261.
1279 Ulrich II Count of Württemberg Count of Württemberg from 1265 until 1279.
1345 Andrew Duke of Calabria the first husband of Joanna I of Naples, son of Charles I of Hungary and brother of Louis I of Hungary.
1361 Louis V Duke of Bavaria Duke of Bavaria and as Louis I also Margrave of Brandenburg and Count of Tyrol. Louis V was the eldest son of Emperor Louis IV and his first wife Beatrix of Świdnica. He was a member of the Wittelsbach dynasty
1426 Hubert van Eyck an Early Netherlandish painter and older brother of Jan van Eyck, as well as Lambert and Margareta, also painters. The absence of any single work that he can clearly be said to have been completed continues to make assessment of his achievement highly uncertain, although for centuries he had the reputation of being an outstanding founding artist of Early Netherlandish painting
1470 Ferdinand Duke of Viseu the third son of Edward of Portugal and his wife Eleanor of Aragon.
1510 Ursula of Brandenburg a German noblewoman.
1524 Charlotte of Valois the second child and second daughter of King Francis I and his wife Claude.
1586 Ottavio Farnese Duke of Parma reigned as Duke of Parma and Piacenza from 1547 and Duke of Castro from 1545 until his death.
1598 Toyotomi Hideyoshi regarded as Japan's second "great unifier." He succeeded his former liege lord, Oda Nobunaga, and brought an end to the Sengoku period. The period of his rule is often called the Momoyama period, named after Hideyoshi's castle. After his death, his young son Hideyori was displaced by Tokugawa Ieyasu
1624 Pedro Osores de Ulloa Royal Governor of the Kingdom of Chile from November 1621 to September 1624. He replaced Cristóbal de la Cerda y Sotomayor. On his death bed Osores appointed his brother-in-law Francisco de Álava y Nureña as temporary governor of the Kingdom of Chile on September 1624. Was a knight of the Order of Alcántara
1630 Melchior Klesl an Austrian statesman and cardinal of the Roman Catholic church during the time of the Counter-Reformation. Klesl was appointed Bishop of Vienna in 1598 and elevated to cardinal in 1616
1647 Pietro Carrera chess player, historian, priest and Italian author, born in Sicily, in Militello in Val di Catania , located in the Valley of Noto; here he grew up in the old colony of San Vito. He was born on July 12, 1573, he was the son of Donna Antonia Severino and Mariano Carrera, a traditional craftsman who entered the priesthood after his wife's death. During his studies in the Seminario Diocesiano of Siracusa, he had the opportunity to visit many different Sicilian cities. As a result of his travels he met Paolo Boi, so-called "The Siracusan", in the town of Palermo during 1597
1663 Joseph of Cupertino O.F.M. Conv. was an Italian Conventual Franciscan friar who is honored as a Christian mystic and saint. He was said to have been remarkably unclever, but prone to miraculous levitation and intense ecstatic visions that left him gaping.:iii
1675 Charles IV Duke of Lorraine Duke of Lorraine from 1624 to 1634, when he abdicated under French pressure in favor of his younger brother, Nicholas Francis, and again from 1661 until 1675.
1707 Petter Dass a Lutheran priest and the foremost Norwegian poet of his generation, writing both baroque hymns and topographical poetry.
1721 Matthew Prior an English poet and diplomat. He is also known as a contributor to The Examiner
1722 André Dacier a French classical scholar and editor of texts. He began his career with an edition and commentary of Festus' De verborum significatione, and was the first to produce a "readable" text of the 20-book work. His wife, Anne Dacier, was also an influential classical scholar and translator
1781 Tobias Furneaux an English navigator and Royal Navy officer, who accompanied James Cook on his second voyage of exploration. He was the first man to circumnavigate the world in both directions, and later commanded a British vessel during the American Revolutionary War
1783 Benjamin Kennicott an English churchman and Hebrew scholar.
1783 Leonhard Euler a pioneering Swiss mathematician and physicist. He made important discoveries in fields as diverse as infinitesimal calculus and graph theory. He also introduced much of the modern mathematical terminology and notation, particularly for mathematical analysis, such as the notion of a mathematical function. He is also renowned for his work in mechanics, fluid dynamics, optics, astronomy, and music theory
1786 Giovanni Battista Guadagnini an Italian luthier, regarded as one of the finest craftsmen of string instruments in history. He is widely considered the third greatest maker after Antonio Stradivari and Giuseppe Guarneri "Del Gesu"
1786 Hieronim Wincenty Radziwiłł a Polish-Lithuanian nobleman and Knight of the Order of the White Eagle, awarded in 1780.
1792 August Gottlieb Spangenberg a German theologian and minister, and a bishop of the Moravian Brethren. As successor of Count Nicolaus Ludwig Zinzendorf, he helped develop international missions, as well as stabilize the theology and organization of the German Moravian Church
1821 Landgravine Caroline of Hesse-Darmstadt a German noblewoman. She was the eldest daughter of Louis IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt and his wife Caroline. She married Frederick V, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg on 27 September 1768
1823 Roger de Damas a French Army officer and Royalist general who fought against the French Revolutionary forces for the Russian Empire and the Kingdom of Naples.
1830 Karl Heinrich Mertens a German botanist and naturalist, and son of the botanist Franz Carl Mertens.
1830 William Hazlitt an English writer, remembered for his humanistic essays and literary criticism, as the greatest art critic of his age, and as a drama critic, social commentator, and philosopher. He was also a painter. He is now considered one of the great critics and essayists of the English language, placed in the company of Samuel Johnson and George Orwell. Yet his work is currently little read and mostly out of print. During his lifetime he befriended many people who are now part of the 19th-century literary canon, including Charles and Mary Lamb, Stendhal, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, and William Wordsworth
1831 Peter Hänsel a German-Austrian violinist and classical composer of almost exclusively chamber music. He has been recently viewed not only as the principal representative of the true quartet school of Joseph Haydn and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, but also the composer responsible for incorporating French and Polish influences into the Viennese classical style, thus serving as mediator between Germany, France and Poland
1840 Constantine Samuel Rafinesque known in Europe , was a nineteenth-century polymath who made notable contributions to botany, zoology, the study of prehistoric earthworks in North America and ancient Mesoamerican linguistics.
1848 Hans Adolf Erdmann von Auerswald a Prussian general and politician.
1857 Karol Kurpiński a Polish composer, conductor and pedagogue.
1857 Jean Baptiste Gustave Planche a French art and literary critic.
1860 Joseph Locke a notable English civil engineer of the 19th century, particularly associated with railway projects. Locke ranked alongside Robert Stephenson and Isambard Kingdom Brunel as one of the major pioneers of railway development
1861 Antoni Gorecki a Polish poet and writer, author of satires and short stories for children.
1862 Joseph K. Mansfield a career United States Army officer, civil engineer, and a Union general in the American Civil War, mortally wounded at the Battle of Antietam.
1869 Anton Janežič a Carinthian Slovene linguist, philologist, author, editor, literary historian and critic.
1870 Henry Young the fifth Governor of South Australia, serving in that role from 2 August 1848 until 20 December 1854. He was then the first Governor of Tasmania, from 1855 until 1861
1870 Augustus Volney Waller a British neurophysiologist. He was the first to describe the degeneration of severed nerve fibers, now known as Wallerian degeneration
1872 Charles XV of Sweden King of Sweden and Norway from 1859 until his death.
1879 Malbim a rabbi, master of Hebrew grammar, and Bible commentator.
1879 Daniel Drew an American businessman, steamship and railroad developer, and financier. Summarizing his life, Henry Clews wrote: "Of all the great operators of Wall Street... Daniel Drew furnishes the most remarkable instance of immense and long-continued success, followed by utter failure and hopeless bankruptcy"
1883 David W. Ballard governor of Idaho Territory from 1866 to 1870. Unlike many territorial governors of the Reconstruction Era, Ballard physically resided in his jurisdiction during his tenure. A physician by trade, Ballard actively practiced medicine in Boise throughout his tenure as territorial governor
1887 Robert Caspary a German botanist.
1890 Dion Boucicault an Irish actor and playwright famed for his melodramas. By the later part of the 19th century, Boucicault had become known on both sides of the Atlantic as one of the most successful actor-playwright-managers then in the English-speaking theatre. The New York Times heralded him in his obituary as "the most conspicuous English dramatist of the 19th century."