September 19 in history

September 19 events chronologically

335 Flavius Dalmatius is raised to the rank of Caesar by his uncle, emperor Constantine I
634 Siege of Damascus: The Rashidun Arabs under Khalid ibn al-Walid capture Damascus from the Byzantine Empire
1356 Battle of Poitiers: An English army under the command of Edward, the Black Prince defeats a French army and captures the French king, John II
1676 Jamestown is burned to the ground by the forces of Nathaniel Bacon during Bacon's Rebellion
1692 Giles Corey is pressed to death after refusing to plead in the Salem witch trials
1777 American Revolutionary War: British forces win a tactically expensive victory over the Continental Army in the First Battle of Saratoga
1778 The Continental Congress passes the first United States federal budget

Top 7 most famous people born on September 19

86 Antoninus Pius Roman Emperor from 138 to 161. He was a member of the Nerva–Antonine dynasty and the Aurelii
1551 Henry III of France a monarch of the House of Valois who was elected the monarch of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth from 1573 to 1575 and ruled as King of France from 1574 until his death. He was the last French monarch of the Valois dynasty
1911 William Golding an English novelist, playwright, and poet. Best known for his novel Lord of the Flies, he won a Nobel Prize in Literature, and was also awarded the Booker Prize for literature in 1980 for his novel Rites of Passage, the first book in what became his sea trilogy, To the Ends of the Earth
1934 Brian Epstein an English music entrepreneur, best known for managing the Beatles.
1942 Wen Jiabao the sixth Premier of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, serving as China's head of government for a decade. In his capacity as Premier, Wen was regarded as the leading figure behind Beijing's economic policy. From 2002 to 2012, he held membership in the Politburo Standing Committee of the Communist Party of China, the country's de facto top power organ, where he was ranked third out of nine members
1948 Jeremy Irons an English actor. After receiving classical training at the Bristol Old Vic Theatre School, Irons began his acting career on stage in 1969, and has since appeared in many London theatre productions including The Winter's Tale, Macbeth, Much Ado About Nothing, The Taming of the Shrew, Godspell, Richard II and Embers. In 1984, he made his Broadway debut in Tom Stoppard's The Real Thing and received a Tony Award for Best Actor
1986 Omar Khadr a Canadian citizen who was one of the youngest captives and the last Western citizen to be held by the United States at the Guantanamo Bay detention camp. Captured at the age of 15 years and 10 months on July 27, 2002 by American forces in the village of Ayub Kheyl, Afghanistan, he was detained, interrogated and sent to Guantanamo Bay detention camps, in Cuba. He was convicted of killing a U.S. medic by throwing a hand grenade and planting mines to target U.S. convoys. In October 2010 he pleaded guilty in a plea agreement to the charges of war crimes, including murder in violation of the law of war and providing material support for terrorism. Khadr was to be tried by a Guantanamo military commission tribunal, a venue reserved for non-American enemy combatants, but this was averted by the plea agreement signed by Khadr after 10 years detention without charge. He accepted an eight-year sentence, not including time served, with the possibility of a transfer to Canada after at least one year to serve the remainder of the sentence there, based on a diplomatic agreement

Top 7 most famous people died on September 19

1710 Ole Rømer a Danish astronomer who in 1676 made the first quantitative measurements of the speed of light. In scientific literature alternative spellings such as "Roemer", "Römer", or "Romer" are common
1881 James A. Garfield Abram Garfield served as the 20th President of the United States , after completing nine consecutive terms in the U.S. House of Representatives
1898 George Grey a soldier, explorer, Governor of South Australia, twice Governor of New Zealand, Governor of Cape Colony , the 11th Premier of New Zealand and a writer.
1935 Konstantin Tsiolkovsky a Russian and Soviet rocket scientist and pioneer of the astronautic theory, of Russian and Polish descent. Along with his followers, the German Hermann Oberth and the American Robert Goddard, he is considered to be one of the founding fathers of rocketry and astronautics. His works later inspired leading Soviet rocket engineers such as Sergey Korolyov and Valentin Glushko and contributed to the success of the Soviet space program
1944 Guy Gibson the first CO of the Royal Air Force's 617 Squadron, which he led in the Dam Busters raid in 1943, resulting in the destruction of two large dams in the Ruhr area. He was awarded the Victoria Cross, but lost his life later in the war. He had completed over 170 operations at the age of 24
1958 Rudolf Rocker an anarcho-syndicalist writer and activist. A self-professed anarchist without adjectives, Rocker believed that anarchist schools of thought represented "only different methods of economy" and that the first objective for anarchists was "to secure the personal and social freedom of men"
1985 Italo Calvino an Italian journalist and writer of short stories and novels. His best known works include the Our Ancestors trilogy , the Cosmicomics collection of short stories , and the novels Invisible Cities and If on a winter's night a traveler