Born on September 19

86 Antoninus Pius Roman Emperor from 138 to 161. He was a member of the Nerva–Antonine dynasty and the Aurelii
643 Goeric of Metz a bishop of Metz.
866 Leo VI the Wise Byzantine Emperor from 886 to 912. The second ruler of the Macedonian dynasty , he was very well-read, leading to his surname. During his reign, the renaissance of letters, begun by his predecessor Basil I, continued; but the Empire also saw several military defeats in the Balkans against Bulgaria and against the Arabs in Sicily and the Aegean
1147 Igor II of Kiev Olgovich , Prince of Chernigov and Grand Prince of Kiev. Son of Oleg Svyatoslavich of Chernigov. Saint - feast day: 5 June
1328 Joan of Kent the first post-conquest Princess of Wales as wife to Edward, the Black Prince, son and heir of King Edward III. Although the French chronicler Jean Froissart called her "the most beautiful woman in all the realm of England, and the most loving", the appellation "Fair Maid of Kent" does not appear to be contemporary. Joan assumed the title of 4th Countess of Kent and 5th Baroness Wake of Liddell after the death of her brother, John, in 1352
1377 Albert IV Duke of Austria a Duke of Austria.
1416 Piero di Cosimo de' Medici the de facto ruler of Florence from 1464 to 1469, during the Italian Renaissance. He was the father of Lorenzo the Magnificent and Giuliano de' Medici
1551 Henry III of France a monarch of the House of Valois who was elected the monarch of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth from 1573 to 1575 and ruled as King of France from 1574 until his death. He was the last French monarch of the Valois dynasty
1560 Thomas Cavendish an English explorer and a privateer known as "The Navigator" because he was the first who deliberately tried to emulate Sir Francis Drake and raid the Spanish towns and ships in the Pacific and return by circumnavigating the globe. While members of Magellan's, Loaisa's, Drake's, and Loyola's expeditions had preceded Cavendish in circumnavigating the globe, it had not been their intent at the outset. His first trip and successful circumnavigation made him rich from captured Spanish gold, silk and treasure from the Pacific and the Philippines. His richest prize was the captured 600 ton sailing ship the Manila Galleon Santa Ana. He was knighted by Queen Elizabeth I of England after his return. He later set out for a second raiding and circumnavigation trip but was not as fortunate and died at sea at the age of 31
1600 Hermann Busenbaum a Jesuit theologian. He attained fame as a master of casuistry
1683 Lorenz Heister a German anatomist, surgeon and botanist born in Frankfurt am Main.
1714 Charles Humphreys an American miller and statesman from Haverford, Pennsylvania. He is the son of Daniel Humphreys and Hannah Wynne. He served as a delegate for Pennsylvania to the Continental Congress from 1774 to 1776. He voted against the Declaration of Independence, since he believed it would inevitably escalate the Revolutionary War and that conflicted with his Quaker beliefs. He withdrew from the Congress soon afterwards
1721 William Robertson (historian) a Scottish historian, minister in the Church of Scotland, and Principal of the University of Edinburgh. "The thirty years during which presided over the University perhaps represent the highest point in its history."
1730 Augustin Pajou a French sculptor, born in Paris. At eighteen he won the Prix de Rome, and at thirty exhibited his Pluton tenant Cerbère enchaîné
1737 Charles Carroll of Carrollton a wealthy Maryland planter and an early advocate of independence from the Kingdom of Great Britain. He served as a delegate to the Continental Congress and Confederation Congress and later as first United States Senator for Maryland. He was the only Catholic and the longest-lived signatory of the Declaration of Independence, dying at the age of 95, at his city mansion in Baltimore's neighborhood of Jonestown on East Lombard and South Front Streets, by the Jones Falls
1749 Jean Baptiste Joseph Delambre a French mathematician and astronomer. He was also director of the Paris Observatory, and author of well-known books on the history of astronomy from ancient times to the 18th century
1754 John Ross Key a lawyer, a commissioned officer in the Continental Army, a judge, and the father of writer Francis Scott Key.
1754 Louis Claude Richard a French botanist and botanical illustrator.
1754 Pavel Tsitsianov the Georgian Imperial Russian military commander and infantry general from 1804. A member of the noble Georgian family Tsitsishvili , Tsitsianov participated in suppression of the Kościuszko Uprising and in the Russo-Persian War. In 1802 he became the head of the Russian troops in Georgia
1759 William Kirby (entomologist) an English entomologist, an original member of the Linnean Society and a Fellow of the Royal Society, as well as a country priest, making him an eminent parson-naturalist. He is considered the "founder of entomology"
1772 Vicente López y Portaña a Spanish painter, considered the best portrait painter of his time.
1774 Giuseppe Caspar Mezzofanti an Italian cardinal and famed linguist and hyperpolyglot. Born and educated in Bologna, he completed his theological studies before he had reached the minimum age for ordination as a priest; he was ordained in 1797. In the same year, he became professor of Arabic at the University of Bologna. He later lost the position for refusing to take the oath of allegiance required by the Cisalpine Republic, which governed Bologna at the time
1775 José Félix Ribas a Venezuelan independence leader and hero of the Venezuelan War of Independence.
1778 Henry Brougham 1st Baron Brougham and Vaux a British statesman who became Lord Chancellor of Great Britain.
1779 Prince Augustus of Prussia a Prussian general. Born on Friedrichsfelde Palace, he was the youngest son of Prince Augustus Ferdinand of Prussia, the brother of King Frederick the Great, and Margravine Elisabeth Louise of Brandenburg-Schwedt
1782 Robert Sale a British Army officer who commanded the garrison of Jalalabad during the First Afghan War and was killed in action during the First Anglo-Sikh War.
1782 Karl von Fischer a German architect. His drafts had enormous influence on the architecture of neo-classicism in South Germany
1788 Georg Freytag a German philologist.
1796 Richard Harlan an American naturalist, zoologist, herpetologist, physicist, and paleontologist. He was the author of Fauna Americana and American Herpetology
1796 Hartley Coleridge an English poet, biographer, essayist, and teacher. He was the eldest son of the poet Samuel Taylor Coleridge. His sister Sara Coleridge was a poet and translator, and his brother Derwent Coleridge was a distinguished scholar and author. Hartley was named after the philosopher David Hartley
1797 January Suchodolski a Polish painter and Army officer.
1802 Frederik Theodor Kloss a German-Danish painter who specialized in marine painting.
1802 Lajos Kossuth a Hungarian lawyer, journalist, politician and Regent-President of the Kingdom of Hungary during the revolution of 1848–49. He was widely honored during his lifetime, including in the United Kingdom and the United States, as a freedom fighter and bellwether of democracy in Europe. Kossuth's bronze bust can be found in the United States Capitol with the inscription: "Father of Hungarian Democracy, Hungarian Statesman, Freedom Fighter, 1848–1849"
1803 Maria Anna of Savoy the wife of Emperor Ferdinand I of Austria. She was Empress of Austria; Queen of Hungary, Bohemia, Lombardy and Venetia
1803 Princess Maria Teresa of Savoy the wife of Charles II, Duke of Parma.
1805 Roswell B. Mason served as mayor of Chicago, Illinois for the Citizens Party.
1808 Theodor Mundt a German critic and novelist. He was a member of the Young Germany group of German writers
1810 Cassius Marcellus Clay a Kentucky planter and politician who worked for abolition of slavery.
1811 Orson Pratt a leader in the Latter Day Saint movement and an original member of the Quorum of Twelve Apostles. He was born in Hartford, New York, the son of Jared and Charity Dickenson Pratt
1813 Christian Heinrich Friedrich Peters a German-American astronomer, and one of the first to discover asteroids.
1814 Nikolay Karlovich Krabbe an admiral of the Russian Imperial Navy.
1814 Baron Cajetan von Felder an Austrian jurist, politician, and entomologist. He was elected to the first district council of Vienna in 1848 and served as mayor of the city from 1868 to 1878
1814 Karl Friedrich von Savigny a Prussian diplomat, politician, and a leading member of the Centre Party. His father was the jurist Friedrich Karl von Savigny. He believed that "laws are not made but found"
1826 Antonio Raimondi a prominent Italian-born Peruvian geographer and scientist. Born in Milan, Raimondi emigrated to Peru, arriving on July 28, 1850 at the port of Callao. In 1851 he became a professor of natural history. In 1856, he was one of the founding professors of the medical school at the National University of San Marcos; in 1861, he founded the analytical chemistry department
1828 Fridolin Anderwert a Swiss politician.
1833 Ludwig von Brenner a German conductor and composer.
1835 Ethan A. Hitchcock (Interior) Allen Hitchcock served under Presidents William McKinley and Theodore Roosevelt as U.S. Secretary of the Interior
1839 George Cadbury the third son of John Cadbury, a Quaker who founded Cadbury's cocoa and chocolate company.
1840 Galen Spencer an American archer who competed in the 1904 Summer Olympics.
1841 Anatole Vakhnianyn a Ukrainian political and cultural figure, composer, teacher and journalist.