September 19 events in history

335 Flavius Dalmatius is raised to the rank of Caesar by his uncle, emperor Constantine I
634 Siege of Damascus: The Rashidun Arabs under Khalid ibn al-Walid capture Damascus from the Byzantine Empire
1356 Battle of Poitiers: An English army under the command of Edward, the Black Prince defeats a French army and captures the French king, John II
1676 Jamestown is burned to the ground by the forces of Nathaniel Bacon during Bacon's Rebellion
1692 Giles Corey is pressed to death after refusing to plead in the Salem witch trials
1777 American Revolutionary War: British forces win a tactically expensive victory over the Continental Army in the First Battle of Saratoga
1778 The Continental Congress passes the first United States federal budget
1796 George Washington's Farewell Address is printed across America as an open letter to the public
1799 French Revolutionary Wars: French-Dutch victory against the Russians and British in the Battle of Bergen
1846 Two French shepherd children, Mélanie Calvat and Maximin Giraud, experience a Marian apparition on a mountaintop near La Salette, France, now known as Our Lady of La Salette
1862 American Civil War: Battle of Iuka: Union troops under General William Rosecrans defeat a Confederate force commanded by General Sterling Price
1863 American Civil War: The first day of the Battle of Chickamauga, in northwestern Georgia, the bloodiest two-day battle of the conflict, and the only significant Confederate victory in the war's Western Theater
1864 American Civil War: Third Battle of Winchester: Union troops under General Philip Sheridan defeat a Confederate force commanded by General Jubal Early. With over 50,000 troops engaged it was the largest battle fought in the Shenandoah Valley and was not only militarily decisive in that region of Virginia but also played a role in securing Abraham Lincoln's election in 1864
1868 Spanish revolution: La Gloriosa
1870 Franco-Prussian War: The Siege of Paris begins, which will result on January 28, 1871 in the surrender of Paris and a decisive Prussian victory
1870 Having invaded the Papal States a week earlier, the Italian Army lays siege to Rome, entering the city the next day, after which the Pope described himself as a Prisoner in the Vatican
1879 The Blackpool Illuminations are switched on for the first time
1881 U.S. President James A. Garfield dies of wounds suffered in a July 2 shooting
1893 Women's suffrage: In New Zealand, the Electoral Act of 1893 is consented to by the governor giving all women in New Zealand the right to vote
1916 During the East African Campaign of World War I, colonial armed forces of the Belgian Congo (Force Publique) under the command of General Charles Tombeur captured the town of Tabora after heavy fighting
1934 Bruno Hauptmann is arrested for the kidnapping and murder of Charles Lindbergh, Jr
1939 World War II: The Battle of Kępa Oksywska concludes, with Polish losses reaching roughly 14% of all the forces engaged
1940 Witold Pilecki is voluntarily captured and sent to Auschwitz in order to smuggle out information and start a resistance
1944 Armistice between Finland and Soviet Union is signed. (End of the Continuation War)
1944 Battle of Hürtgen Forest between United States and Nazi Germany begins
1945 Lord Haw-Haw (William Joyce) is sentenced to death in London
1946 The Council of Europe is founded following a speech by Winston Churchill at the University of Zurich
1952 The United States bars Charlie Chaplin from re-entering the country after a trip to England
1957 First American underground nuclear bomb test (part of Operation Plumbbob)
1959 Nikita Khrushchev is barred from visiting Disneyland due to security concerns
1970 The first Glastonbury Festival is held at Michael Eavis's farm in Glastonbury, United Kingdom
1970 Kostas Georgakis, a Greek student of geology, sets himself ablaze in Matteotti Square in Genoa, Italy, as a protest against the dictatorial regime of Georgios Papadopoulos
1971 Montagnard troops of South Vietnam revolt against the rule of Nguyễn Khánh, killing 70 ethnic Vietnamese soldiers
1972 A parcel bomb sent to Israeli Embassy in London kills one diplomat
1973 King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden has his investiture
1976 Turkish Airlines Flight 452 hits the Taurus Mountains, outskirt of Karatepe, Osmaniye, Turkey, killing all 154 passengers and crew
1976 Two Imperial Iranian Air Force F-4 Phantom II jets fly out to investigate an unidentified flying object when both independently lose instrumentation and communications as they approach, only to have them restored upon withdrawal
1978 The Solomon Islands join the United Nations
1981 Simon & Garfunkel reunite for a free concert in New York's Central Park
1982 Scott Fahlman posts the first documented emoticons :-) and :-( on the Carnegie Mellon University Bulletin Board System
1983 Saint Kitts and Nevis gains its independence
1985 A strong earthquake kills thousands and destroys about 400 buildings in Mexico City
1985 Tipper Gore and other political wives form the Parents Music Resource Center as Frank Zappa and other musicians testify at U.S. Congressional hearings on obscenity in rock music
1989 A terrorist bomb explodes UTA Flight 772 in mid-air above the Tùnùrù Desert, Niger, killing 171
1991 Ötzi the Iceman is discovered by German tourists
1995 The Washington Post and The New York Times publish the Unabomber's manifesto
1997 Guelb El-Kebir massacre in Algeria where 53 people are killed
2006 The Thai military stages a coup in Bangkok. The Constitution is revoked and martial law is declared
2010 The leaking oil well in the Deepwater Horizon oil spill is sealed
2011 Mariano Rivera of the New York Yankees surpasses Trevor Hoffman to become Major League Baseball's all time saves leader with 602