Born on September 2

1243 Gilbert de Clare 7th Earl of Gloucester a powerful English noble. Also known as "Red" Gilbert de Clare or "The red earl", probably because of his hair colour or fiery temper in battle
1473 Ercole Strozzi an Italian poet, the son of Tito Vespasiano Strozzi. He was a friend of Lucrezia Borgia, and was murdered in Ferrara
1516 Francis I Duke of Nevers a commander in the French Royal Army and the first Duke of Nevers. He participated in the suppression of the Amboise conspiracy
1548 Vincenzo Scamozzi a Venetian architect and a writer on architecture, active mainly in Vicenza and Republic of Venice area in the second half of the 16th century. He was perhaps the most important figure there between Andrea Palladio, whose unfinished projects he inherited at Palladio's death in 1580, and Baldassarre Longhena, Scamozzi's only pupil
1567 György Thurzó the Palatine of Hungary between.
1648 Magdalena Sibylle of Saxe-Weissenfels a German noblewoman.
1661 Georg Böhm a German Baroque organist and composer. He is notable for his development of the chorale partita and for his influence on the young S. Bach
1661 Heinrich Duke of Saxe-Merseburg a duke of Saxe-Merseburg and member of the House of Wettin.
1675 William Somervile an English poet.
1716 Jacques-Nicolas Tardieu a French engraver.
1722 Vigilius Eriksen a Danish painter. He was the royal portraitist to Christian VI of Denmark
1725 Ewald Friedrich von Hertzberg a Prussian statesman.
1726 John Howard (prison reformer) a philanthropist and the first English prison reformer.
1731 Johann Friedrich von Cronegk born at Ansbach.
1753 Marie Joséphine of Savoy the wife of the future King Louis XVIII of France. She was a princess of Savoy by birth, became Countess of Provence upon her marriage in 1771, and then titular Queen of the French when her husband's nephew, the titular King Louis XVII of France, died in 1795
1753 Sir John Borlase Warren 1st Baronet an English admiral, politician and diplomat. Born in Stapleford, Nottinghamshire, he was the son and heir of John Borlase Warren of Stapleford and Little Marlow. He entered Emmanuel College, Cambridge in 1769, but in 1771 entered the Royal Navy as an able seaman; in 1774 he became member of Parliament for Great Marlow; and in 1775 he was created a baronet, the baronetcy held by his ancestors, the Borlases, having become extinct in 1689
1763 Caroline Schelling a noted German intellectual. She was one of the so-called Universitätsmamsellen, a group of five academically active women during the 18th-and 19th century, daughters of academics on Göttingen University, alongside Meta Forkel-Liebeskind, Therese Huber, Philippine Engelhard, and Dorothea Schlözer
1764 Georg Ludwig Hartig a German forester.
1773 Louis-Auguste-Victor Count de Ghaisnes de Bourmont emigrated from France soon after the outbreak of the French Revolution. A lifelong royalist, he fought with the counter-revolutionary Army of Condé for two years, then joined the insurrection in France from three more years before going into exile. He was arrested after assisting the Georges Cadoudal conspiracy, but escaped to Portugal
1778 Louis Bonaparte the fifth surviving child and the fourth surviving son of Carlo Buonaparte and Letizia Ramolino. His brother was the first Emperor of the French, Napoleon I, and his son was the last, Napoleon III
1780 Lant Carpenter an English educator and Unitarian minister.
1780 Fyodor Palen a Russian diplomat and administrator.
1790 Prince Ilia of Georgia a Georgian prince royal , a son of George XII, the last king of Kartli and Kakheti, by his second marriage to Mariam Tsitsishvili. After the Russian annexation of Georgia in 1801, Ilia accompanied her mother into exile to Russia. He then received military training and served in the Russian army, fighting with distinction at the battle of Borodino against the French in 1812 and retiring with the rank of colonel in 1823. He had 13 children of his marriage with Princess Anastasia Obolenskaya and his descendants, bearing the surname of Gruzinsky, have survived in the 21st-century Russian Federation
1796 Ferdinand-Alphonse Hamelin born in Pont-l'Évêque, Normandy.
1805 Esteban Echeverría an Argentine poet, fiction writer, cultural promoter, and political activist who played a significant role in the development of Argentine literature, not only through his own writings but also through his organizational efforts. He was one of Latin America's most important Romantic authors
1805 Friedrich August Rosen a German Orientalist, brother of Georg Rosen and a close friend of Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy. He studied in Leipzig, and from 1824 in Berlin under Franz Bopp. He was briefly professor of oriental literature at the University of London and became secretary of the Royal Asiatic Society in 1831
1806 Josef Gusikov a klezmer who gave the first performances of klezmer music to West European concert audiences on his 'wood and straw instrument'.
1810 Lysander Button the inventor of many of the early improvements made on hand and steam fire engines. Many of those improvements made their way to the modern fire engines of today
1811 Ivan Vahylevych b 2 September 1811 in the village of Yasen , Stanislawow powiat, Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria, d 10 May 1866 in Lemberg. Romantic poet, philologist, and ethnographer of the Galician revival
1814 Ernst Curtius a German archaeologist and historian.
1815 Georg August Pritzel a German librarian and botanical writer.
1820 Lucretia Peabody Hale a United States journalist and author.
1830 William P. Frye an American politician from the U.S. state of Maine. Frye, a member of the Republican Party, spent most of his political career as a legislator, serving in the Maine House of Representatives and U.S. House of Representatives before being elected to the U.S. Senate, where he served for 30 years and died in office. Frye was a member of the Frye political family, and was the grandfather of Wallace White, and the son of John March Frye. He was also a prominent member of the Peucinian Society tradition
1834 Josef Zemp a Swiss politician and member of the Swiss Federal Council.
1834 Giorgio Sommer born in Frankfurt am Main , and became one of Europe’s most important and prolific photographers of the 19th century. Active from 1857 to 1888, he produced thousands of images of archeological ruins, landscapes, art objects and portraits
1835 Heinrich Auspitz a Jewish Austrian dermatologist. He was the husband of pianist Auguste Auspitz-Kólar
1836 Anton Braith a German landscape and animal painter. He was also a professor at the Academy of Fine Arts Munich
1836 Fyodor Kamensky a Russian sculptor. From 1873 on he worked in the U.S
1838 Bhaktivinoda Thakur a prominent thinker of Bengali Renaissance and a leading philosopher, savant and spiritual reformer of Gaudiya Vaishnavism who effected its resurgence in India in late 19th and early 20th century and was hailed by contemporary scholars as the most influential Gaudiya Vaisnava leader of his time. He is also credited, along with his son Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati, with pioneering the propagation of Gaudiya Vaisnavism in the West and its eventual global spread
1838 Liliuokalani the last monarch and only queen regnant of the Kingdom of Hawaii. She was also known as Lydia Kamakaʻeha Pākī, with the chosen royal name of Liliʻuokalani, and her married name was Lydia Dominis
1839 Henry George an American writer, politician and political economist, who was the most influential proponent of the land value tax and the value capture of land/natural resource rents, an idea known at the time as Single-Tax. His immensely popular writing is credited with sparking several reform movements of the Progressive Era and ultimately inspiring the broad economic philosophy often referred to today as Georgism, the main tenet of which is that people legitimately own value they fairly create, but that resources and common opportunities, most importantly the value of land, belongs equally to all humanity. His most famous work, Progress and Poverty , sold millions of copies worldwide, probably more than any other American book before that time. It is a treatise on inequality, the cyclic nature of industrialized economies, and the use of the land value tax as a remedy
1839 Bernhard Naunyn German pathologist born in Berlin.
1840 Giovanni Verga an Italian realist writer, best known for his depictions of life in his native Sicily, and especially for the short story Cavalleria Rusticana and the novel I Malavoglia.
1841 Julius von Payer an Austro-Hungarian military officer, mountaineer, arctic explorer, cartographer, landscape artist and professor at the military academy.
1844 Minnie Dean a New Zealander who was found guilty of infanticide and hanged. She was the only woman to receive the death penalty in New Zealand, although several others were sentenced to capital punishment, but had their sentences commuted to either life or long duration imprisonment
1846 Paul Déroulède a French author and politician, one of the founders of the nationalist League of Patriots.
1847 Franz Prince of Thun and Hohenstein an Austro-Hungarian noble and statesman.
1850 Albert Spalding an American pitcher, manager and executive in the early years of professional baseball, and the co-founder of A.G. Spalding sporting goods company. He played major league baseball between 1871 and 1878. In 1877, he became the first well-known player to use a fielding glove; such gloves were among the items sold at his sporting goods store
1850 Woldemar Voigt a German physicist, who taught at the Georg August University of Göttingen. Voigt eventually went on to head the Mathematical Physics Department at Göttingen and was succeeded in 1914 by Peter Debye, who took charge of the theoretical department of the Physical Institute. In 1921, Debye was succeeded by Max Born
1850 Eugene Field an American writer, best known for his children's poetry and humorous essays.