Died on September 2

421 Constantius III Western Roman Emperor for seven months in 421. A prominent general and politician, he was the power behind the throne for much of the 410s, and in 421 briefly became co-emperor of the Western Empire with Honorius
459 Simeon Stylites a Syriac ascetic saint who achieved fame for living 37 years on a small platform on top of a pillar near Aleppo in Syria. Several other stylites later followed his model. He is known formally as Saint Simeon Stylites the Elder to distinguish him from Simeon Stylites the Younger, Simeon Stylites III and Saint Symeon Stylites of Lesbos
595 Patriarch John IV of Constantinople the 33rd bishop or Patriarch of Constantinople. He was the first to assume the title Ecumenical Patriarch. He is regarded as a saint by the Eastern Orthodox Church which holds a feast on September 2
652 Abu Sufyan ibn Harb the leader of the Quraish tribe of Mecca. He was a staunch opponent of the Islamic prophet Muhammad before accepting Islam and becoming a Muslim warrior later in his life. His mother, Safia, is the paternal aunt of Maymuna bint al-Harith
831 Yuan Zhen more known as an important Chinese writer and poet. In prose literature, Yuan Zhen is particularly known for his work Yingying's Biography , which has often been adapted for other treatments, including operatic and musical ones. In poetry, he is remembered for the inclusion of some of his poems by popular anthologies, his verses on exotic topics , and for being part of the group of "New Yuefu" poets, which often used poetry as a form of expression and protest, but one potentially subtle enough to avoid the likely repercussions of more direct criticism. The poetic circle in which Yuan Zhen was involved included Bai Juyi, among others. Politically Yuan Zhen was briefly chancellor, during the reign of Emperor Muzong
1022 Máel Sechnaill mac Domnaill King of Mide and High King of Ireland. His great victory at the Battle of Tara against Olaf Cuaran in 980 resulted in Gaelic control of the Kingdom of Dublin
1031 Saint Emeric of Hungary the son of King Stephen I of Hungary and Giselle of Bavaria. He is assumed to be the second son of Stephen, he was named after his uncle, Henry II, and was the only of Stephen's sons who reached adulthood
1179 Taira no Shigemori the eldest son of the Taira clan patriarch, Taira no Kiyomori. He took part in the Hōgen and Heiji rebellions. He died of illness in 1179
1274 Prince Munetaka the sixth shogun of the Kamakura shogunate of Japan who reigned from 1252 to 1266.
1332 Jayaatu Khan Emperor Wenzong of Yuan regarded as the 12th Great Khan of the Mongols in Mongolia.
1397 Francesco Landini an Italian composer, organist, singer, poet and instrument maker. He was one of the most famous and revered composers of the second half of the 14th century, and by far the most famous composer in Italy
1404 Pierre II Count of Alençon the son of Charles II of Alençon and Maria de la Cerda. He was Count of Alençon from 1361 until his death in 1404 and Count of Perche from 1377 until his death in 1404
1486 Guy XIV de Laval a French nobleman, known for his account of Joan of Arc. He and his brother André de Lohéac were simultaneously vassals of the duke of Brittany and of the king of France
1540 Dawit II nəgusä nägäst of Ethiopia. A member of the Solomonic dynasty, he was the son of Emperor Na'od and Queen Na'od Mogasa. The important victory over Adal leader Mahfuz may have given Dawit the title Wanag Segad, which is a combination of Ge'ez and Harari terms
1566 Taddeo Zuccari an Italian painter, one of the most popular members of the Roman mannerist school.
1606 Karel van Mander a Flemish-born painter, poet, art historian and art theoretician, who established himself in the Dutch Republic in the latter part of his life. He is mainly remembered as a biographer of Early Netherlandish painters and Netherlandish artists in his Schilder-boeck. As an artist and art theoretician he played a significant role in the spread and development of Northern Mannerism in the Dutch Republic
1610 Henricus Canisius a Dutch canonist and historian.
1652 Jusepe de Ribera a Spanish Tenebrist painter and printmaker, better known as Jusepe de Ribera or Giuseppe Ribera. He also was called Lo Spagnoletto by his contemporaries and early writers. Ribera was a leading painter of the Spanish school, although his mature work was all done in Italy
1679 Sir Thomas Modyford 1st Baronet a planter of Barbados and Governor of Jamaica, 1664-70.
1680 Per Brahe the Younger a Swedish soldier and statesman. He was a Privy Councillor from 1630 and Lord High Steward from 1640
1690 Philip William Elector Palatine Count Palatine of Neuburg from 1653 to 1690, Duke of Jülich and Berg from 1653 to 1679 and Elector of the Palatinate from 1685 to 1690. Son of Wolfgang Wilhelm, Count Palatine of Neuburg and Magdalene of Bavaria
1735 Ferdinand Albert II Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel an officer in the army of the Holy Roman Empire. He was prince of Wolfenbüttel during 1735
1746 Jean-Baptiste Colbert marquis de Torcy a French diplomat, who negotiated some of the most important treaties towards the end of Louis XIV's reign, notably the treaty that occasioned the War of the Spanish Succession , in which the dying Charles II of Spain named Louis XIV's grandson, Philippe, duc d'Anjou, heir to the Spanish throne, eventually founding the line of Spanish Bourbons.
1764 Nathaniel Bliss an English astronomer of the 18th century, serving as Britain's fourth Astronomer Royal between 1762 and 1764.
1765 Henry Bouquet a prominent British Army officer in the French and Indian War and Pontiac's War. Bouquet is best known for his victory over Native Americans at the Battle of Bushy Run, lifting the siege of Fort Pitt during Pontiac's War
1768 Antoine Deparcieux a French mathematician.
1790 Johann Nikolaus von Hontheim a German historian and theologian. He is remembered as Febronius, the pseudonym under which he wrote his 1763 treatise On the State of the Church and the Legitimate Power of the Roman Pontiff which offered Europe the "foremost formulation of the arguments against papal absolutism in Germany"
1800 Maciej Radziwiłł a Polish-Lithuanian noble , composer and librettist.
1807 Antonio Casimir Cartellieri a Polish-Austrian composer, violinist, conductor, and voice teacher. His son was the spa physician Paul Cartellieri
1808 Apollon Dashkov a Russian infantry general and the first Governor of Taganrog.
1813 Jean Victor Marie Moreau a French general who helped Napoleon Bonaparte to power, but later became a rival and was banished to the United States.
1820 Jiaqing Emperor the seventh emperor of the Manchu-led Qing dynasty, and the fifth Qing emperor to rule over China, from 1796 to 1820.
1832 Franz Xaver von Zach a Hungarian astronomer born at Pest, Hungary. He studied physics in Pest, Hungary, and served for some time in the Austrian army. He taught at the University of Lemberg. He lived in Paris in 1780-83, and in London from 1783 to 1786 as tutor in the house of the Saxon ambassador, Hans Moritz von Brühl. In Paris and London he entered the circles of astronomers like Joseph de Lalande, Pierre-Simon Laplace and William Herschel. In 1786 he was appointed by Ernest II, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg director of the new observatory on Seeberg hill at Gotha, which was finished in 1791. At the close of the 18th century, he organised the "Celestial Police", a group of twenty-four astronomers, to prepare for a systematic search for the "missing planet" predicted by the Titius-Bode law between Mars and Jupiter. Ceres was discovered by accident just as the search was getting underway. Using predictions made of the position of Ceres by Carl Friedrich Gauss, on 31 December 1801/1 January 1802, Zach recovered Ceres after it was lost during its passage behind the Sun. After the death of the duke in 1804, Zach accompanied the duke's widow on her travels in the south of Europe, and the two settled in Genoa in 1815 where he directed the Capodimonte Observatory. He moved back to Paris in 1827 and died there in 1832
1834 Thomas Telford a Scottish civil engineer, architect and stonemason, and a noted road, bridge and canal builder. After establishing himself as an engineer of road and canal projects in Shropshire, he designed numerous infrastructure projects in his native Scotland, as well as harbours and tunnels. Such was his reputation as a prolific designer of highways and related bridges, he was dubbed The Colossus of Roads, and, reflecting his command of all types of civil engineering in the early 19th century, he was elected as the first President of the Institution of Civil Engineers, a post he retained for 14 years until his death
1840 Franz Meyen a Prussian physician and botanist.
1844 Vincenzo Camuccini an Italian painter of Neoclassic histories and religious paintings. He was considered the premier academic painter of his time in Rome
1844 Samuel Genersich a Carpathian German physician and botanist.
1845 Bernardino Rivadavia the first president of Argentina, then called the United Provinces of Rio de la Plata, from February 8, 1826 to July 7, 1827.
1845 Pierre Paul Royer-Collard a French statesman and philosopher, leader of the Doctrinaires group during the Bourbon Restoration.
1854 Pierre Alphonse Laurent a French mathematician best known as the discoverer of the Laurent series, an expansion of a function into an infinite power series, generalizing the Taylor series expansion. He was born in Paris, France. His result was contained in a memoir submitted for the Grand Prize of the Académie des Sciences in 1843, but his submission was after the due date, and the paper was not published and never considered for the prize. Laurent died at age 41 in Paris. His work was not published until after his death
1857 Martin Lichtenstein a German physician, explorer, botanist and zoologist.
1865 William Rowan Hamilton an Irish physicist, astronomer, and mathematician, who made important contributions to classical mechanics, optics, and algebra. His studies of mechanical and optical systems led him to discover new mathematical concepts and techniques. His best known contribution to mathematical physics is the reformulation of Newtonian mechanics, now called Hamiltonian mechanics. This work has proven central to the modern study of classical field theories such as electromagnetism, and to the development of quantum mechanics. In pure mathematics, he is best known as the inventor of quaternions
1867 Jacob Gijsbertus Samuël van Breda a Dutch biologist and geologist.
1870 Charles Joseph comte de Flahaut a French general and statesman. He was the lover of Napoleon I's stepdaughter, Hortense de Beauharnais, Queen of Holland, by whom he had an illegitimate son, Charles Auguste Louis Joseph Demorny, known later as the Duc de Morny
1870 Arthur Saint-Léon famous for creating the choreography of the ballet Coppélia.
1872 N. F. S. Grundtvig Nikolaj Frederik Severin Grundtvig , most often referred to as simply F. Grundtvig or just Grundtvig, was a Danish pastor, author, poet, philosopher, historian, teacher and politician. He was one of the most influential people in Danish history, as his philosophy gave rise to a new form of nationalism in the last half of the 19th century. He married thrice, lastly in his seventy-sixth year
1874 John G. Foster a career military officer in the United States Army and a Union general during the American Civil War whose most distinguished services were in North and South Carolina. A postbellum expert in underwater demolition, he wrote the definitive treatise on the subject in 1869. He continued with the Army after the war, using his expertise as assistant to the Chief Engineer in Washington, DC and at a post on Lake Erie
1877 Constantine Kanaris a Greek Prime Minister, admiral and politician who in his youth was a freedom fighter in the Greek War of Independence.
1878 Henry Huntly Haight the tenth governor of California from December 5, 1867 to December 8, 1871.
1878 Garcin de Tassy a French orientalist.