September 20 in history

September 20 events chronologically

622 Muhammad and Abu Bakr arrived Medina
1058 Agnes of Poitou and Andrew I of Hungary meet to negotiate about the border-zone in present-day Burgenland
1066 Battle of Fulford, Viking Harald Hardrada defeats earls Morcar and Edwin
1187 Saladin begins the Siege of Jerusalem
1260 The Great Prussian Uprising among the old Prussians begins against the Teutonic Knights
1378 Cardinal Robert of Geneva, called by some the "Butcher of Cesena", is elected as Avignon Pope Clement VII, beginning the Papal schism
1498 The 1498 Nankai earthquake generates a tsunami that washes away the building housing the statue of the Great Buddha at Kōtoku-in in Kamakura, Kanagawa, Japan; since then the Buddha has sat in the open air

Top 7 most famous people born on September 20

601 Ali the cousin and son-in-law of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, ruling over the Islamic Caliphate from 656 to 661. A son of Abu Talib, Ali was also the first male who accepted Islam. Sunnis consider Ali the fourth and final of the Rashidun , while Shias regard Ali as the first Imam after Muḥammad, and consider him and his descendants the rightful successors to Muhammad, all of whom are members of the Ahl al-Bayt, the household of Muhammad. This disagreement split the Ummah into the Sunni and Shi`i branches
1899 Leo Strauss a German-American political philosopher and classicist who specialized in classical political philosophy. He was born in Germany to Jewish parents and later emigrated to the United States. He spent most of his career as a professor of political science at the University of Chicago, where he taught several generations of students and published fifteen books
1934 Sophia Loren an international film star and Italy's most renowned and honored actress. She began her career at age 14 after entering a beauty pageant in 1949. Encouraged to enroll in acting lessons, Loren appeared in several bit parts and minor roles until the late 1950s when Loren's five-picture contract with Paramount launched her international career. Notable film appearances around this time include Houseboat, That Kind of Woman and It Started in Naples
1940 Tarō Asō a Japanese politician, the Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Finance. Asō was the 92nd Prime Minister of Japan serving from September 2008 to September 2009, and was defeated in the August 2009 election
1948 George R. R. Martin an American novelist and short story writer in the fantasy, horror, and science fiction genres, and a screenwriter and television producer. He is best known for A Song of Ice and Fire, his international bestselling series of epic fantasy novels that HBO adapted for its dramatic series Game of Thrones. Martin serves as the series' co-executive producer, while also scripting one of each season's 10 episodes. In 2005, Lev Grossman of Time called Martin "the American Tolkien", and the magazine later named him one of the "2011 Time 100", a list of the "most influential people in the world."
1971 Henrik Larsson a Swedish professional football player and coach, who is currently the manager of Allsvenskan club Helsingborgs He was known as an excellent striker whose main attributes were his goal scoring prowess and on-field intelligence.
1975 Juan Pablo Montoya a Colombian racing driver. He is one of the few drivers to have participated in NASCAR, Formula One, CART and IRL. After a seven-year stint in the NASCAR Sprint Cup Series with Chip Ganassi Racing, he returned to the Verizon IndyCar Series in 2014, driving for Team Penske

Top 7 most famous people died on September 20

1957 Jean Sibelius a Finnish composer of the late Romantic period. His music played an important role in the formation of the Finnish national identity
1971 Giorgos Seferis a Greek poet-diplomat. He was one of the most important Greek poets of the 20th century, and a Nobel laureate. He was a career diplomat in the Greek Foreign Service, culminating in his appointment as Ambassador to the UK, a post which he held from 1957 to 1962
1975 Saint-John Perse a French poet-diplomat, awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1960 "for the soaring flight and evocative imagery of his poetry." He was a major French diplomat from 1914 to 1940, after which he lived primarily in the United States until 1967.
1993 Erich Hartmann the most successful fighter ace in the history of aerial warfare. He flew 1,404 combat missions and participated in aerial combat on 825 separate occasions. He claimed, and was credited with, shooting down 352 Allied aircraft—345 Soviet and 7 American—while serving with the Luftwaffe. During the course of his career, Hartmann was forced to crash-land his damaged fighter 14 times due to damage received from parts of enemy aircraft he had just shot down or mechanical failure. Hartmann was never shot down or forced to land due to enemy fire
1996 Paul Erdős a Hungarian mathematician. He was one of the most prolific mathematicians of the 20th century, but also known for his social practice of mathematics and eccentric lifestyle. Erdős pursued problems in combinatorics, graph theory, number theory, classical analysis, approximation theory, set theory, and probability theory
2004 Brian Clough an English footballer and football manager.
2005 Simon Wiesenthal an Austrian writer and Nazi hunter. He was a Jewish Austrian Holocaust survivor who became famous after World War II for his work as a Nazi hunter