Died on September 20

1085 Hermann II Count Palatine of Lotharingia Count Palatine of Lotharingia from 1064 when reaching majority, until 1085. He was count in the Ruhrgau and the Zulpichgau, as well as count of Brabant. He is the son of Henry I of Lotharingia and Mathild of Verdun , daughter of Gozelo I of Lotharingia
1246 Michael of Chernigov a Rus' prince. He was grand prince of Kiev ; and he was also prince of Pereyaslavl , of Novgorod-Seversk , of Chernigov , of Novgorod , and of Halych
1384 Louis I Duke of Anjou the second son of John II of France and the founder of the Angevin branch of the French royal house. Bonne of Bohemia gave birth to him at the Château de Vincennes. His father appointed him Count of Anjou and Count of Maine in 1356, and then raised him to the title Duke of Anjou in 1360 and Duke of Touraine in 1370
1388 Firuz Shah Tughlaq a Turkic Muslim ruler of the Tughlaq Dynasty, who reigned over the Sultanate of Delhi from 1351 to 1388. He was the son of a Hindu princess of Dipalpur. His father's name was Rajab who had the title Sipahsalar. Sultan Feroze Shah Tughlaq succeeded his cousin Muhammad bin Tughlaq following the latter's death from a fatal illness, but due to widespread unrest Sultan Feroze Shah Tughlaq's realm was much smaller than Muhammad's. Sultan Feroze Shah Tughlaq was forced by rebellions to concede virtual independence to Bengal and other provinces
1440 Frederick I Elector of Brandenburg Burgrave of Nuremberg as Frederick VI and Elector of Brandenburg as Frederick He was a son of Burgrave Frederick V of Nuremberg and Elisabeth of Meissen, and was the first member of the House of Hohenzollern to rule the Margraviate of Brandenburg.
1460 Gilles Binchois a Netherlandish composer, one of the earliest members of the Burgundian school and one of the three most famous composers of the early 15th century. While often ranked behind his contemporaries Guillaume Dufay and John Dunstable, at least by contemporary scholars, his influence was arguably greater than either, since his works were cited, borrowed and used as source material more often than those by any other composer of the time
1501 Agostino Barbarigo Doge of Venice from 1486 until his death in 1501.
1501 Thomas Grey 1st Marquess of Dorset an English nobleman, courtier and the eldest son of Elizabeth Woodville and her first husband Sir John Grey of Groby. Her second marriage to King Edward IV made her queen consort of England, thus elevating Grey's status at court and in the realm as the stepson of the King. Through his mother's assiduous endeavours, he made two materially advantageous marriages to wealthy heiresses - his first wife being Anne Holland , and his second wife, Cecily Bonville, 7th Baroness Harington. By the latter he had 14 children
1502 Albrecht Dürer the Elder a goldsmith in Nuremberg and the father of the Northern Renaissance painter Albrecht Dürer.
1532 Jaime Duke of Braganza the 4th Duke of Braganza and the 2nd Duke of Guimarães, among other titles. He is known for reviving the wealth and power of the House of Braganza, which was confiscated by King João II of Portugal
1533 Veit Stoss a leading German sculptor, mostly in wood, whose career covered the transition between the late Gothic and the Northern Renaissance. His style emphasized pathos and emotion, helped by his virtuoso carving of billowing drapery; it has been called "late Gothic Baroque". He had a large workshop and in addition to his own works there are a number by pupils. He is best known for the altarpiece in Mary's Basilica in Kraków, Poland
1565 Cipriano de Rore a Franco-Flemish composer of the Renaissance, active in Italy. Not only was he a central representative of the generation of Franco-Flemish composers after Josquin des Prez who went to live and work in Italy, but he was one of the most prominent composers of madrigals in the middle of the 16th century. His experimental, chromatic, and highly expressive style had a decisive influence on the subsequent development of that secular music form
1580 Honorat II of Savoy a marshal of France and admiral of France.
1586 Anthony Babington convicted of plotting the assassination of Elizabeth I of England and conspiring with the imprisoned Mary, Queen of Scots. The "Babington Plot" and Mary's involvement in it were the basis of the treason charges against her which led to her execution
1586 Chidiock Tichborne an English conspirator and poet.
1590 Lodovico Agostini an Italian composer, singer, priest, and scholar of the late Renaissance. He was a close associate of the Ferrara Estense court, and one of the most skilled representatives of the progressive secular style which developed there at the end of the 16th century
1590 Robert Garnier a French tragic poet. He published his first work while still a law-student at Toulouse, where he won a prize in the Académie des Jeux Floraux. It was a collection of lyrical pieces, now lost, entitled Plaintes amoureuses de Robert Garnier. After some legal practice at the Parisian bar, he became conseiller du roi au siege présidial and sénéchaussé of Maine, his native district, and later lieutenant-général criminel. His friend Lacroix du Maine says that he enjoyed a great reputation as an orator. He was a distinguished magistrate, of considerable weight in his native province, who gave his leisure to literature, and whose merits as a poet were fully recognized by his own generation
1621 Henry of Lorraine Duke of Mayenne a French noble from the House of Lorraine and more particularly from the House of Guise.
1625 Heinrich Meibom (poet) born at Barntrup in Westphalia.
1627 Jan Gruter a Flemish-born philologist, scholar, and librarian.
1630 Claudio Saracini an Italian composer, lutenist, and singer of the early Baroque era. He was one of the most famous and distinguished composers of monody
1639 Johannes Meursius a Dutch classical scholar and antiquary.
1643 Lucius Cary 2nd Viscount Falkland an English author and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1640 to 1642. He fought on the Royalist side in the English Civil War and was killed in action at the First Battle of Newbury
1684 Kim Seok-ju one of the Neo-Confucian scholars, politicians and writers of the Korean Joseon Dynasty. His nickname was Shigam , a courtesy name was Sabaik. He was a cousin of Queen Myunseong. He was prime minister of the Joseon Dynasty in 1680
1721 Thomas Doggett an Irish actor.
1793 Fletcher Christian master's mate on board HMS Bounty during William Bligh's voyage to Tahiti for breadfruit plants. In the mutiny on the Bounty, Christian seized command of the ship from William Bligh on 28 April 1789
1803 Robert Emmet an Irish nationalist and Republican, orator and rebel leader. He led an abortive rebellion against British rule in 1803 and was captured, tried and executed for high treason
1804 Pierre Joseph Bonnaterre a French naturalist who contributed sections on cetaceans, mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, and insects to the Tableau encyclopédique et méthodique. He is also notable as the first scientist to study the feral child Victor of Aveyron
1804 Pierre Méchain a French astronomer and surveyor who, with Charles Messier, was a major contributor to the early study of deep sky objects and comets.
1815 Nicolas Desmarest a French geologist and contributor to the Encyclopédie ou Dictionnaire raisonné des sciences, des arts et des métiers.
1817 Louis Duke of Württemberg the second son of Friedrich II Eugen, Duke of Württemberg and Margravine Sophia Dorothea of Brandenburg-Schwedt. His elder brother was Frederick I, the first King of Württemberg, his sister was the Russian Empress consort, Maria Feodorovna. Louis retained the pre-royal title of Duke
1819 Abbé Faria a Goan Catholic monk who was one of the pioneers of the scientific study of hypnotism, following on from the work of Franz Mesmer. Unlike Mesmer, who claimed that hypnosis was mediated by "animal magnetism", Faria understood that it worked purely by the power of suggestion. In the early 19th century, Abbé Faria introduced oriental hypnosis to Paris
1837 Jean-Charles Cornay a French missionary of the Paris Foreign Missions Society who was martyred in Vietnam. He was executed in Ha Tay, Tonkin, now Vietnam, during the persecutions of Emperor Minh Mạng
1839 Sir Thomas Hardy 1st Baronet a Royal Navy officer. He took part in the Battle of Cape St Vincent in February 1797, the Battle of the Nile in August 1798 and the Battle of Copenhagen in April 1801 during the French Revolutionary Wars. He served as flag captain to Admiral Lord Nelson, and commanded HMS Victory at the Battle of Trafalgar in October 1805 during the Napoleonic Wars. Nelson was shot as he paced the decks with Hardy, and as he lay dying, Nelson's famous remark of "Kiss me, Hardy" was directed at him. Hardy went on to become First Naval Lord in November 1830 and in that capacity refused to become a Member of Parliament and encouraged the introduction of steam warships
1840 José Gaspar Rodríguez de Francia a Paraguayan lawyer and politician, and one of the first leaders of Paraguay following its independence from Spain.
1845 Nikolai Khmelnitsky a Russian dramatist]], literary critic, translator, in 1812-1814 an army officer and state official. Khmelnitsky's chosen genre was the saloon comedy, and many prominent authors, Alexander Pushkin among them, valued him as an influential figure of the Russian literary scene of the 1820s
1845 Matvei Gedenschtrom a Russian explorer of Northern Siberia, writer, and public servant.
1852 Philander Chase an Episcopal Church bishop, educator, and pioneer of the United States western frontier in Ohio and Illinois. He was the brother of Dudley Chase, and the uncle of Dudley Chase Denison and Salmon Chase
1852 Anton Weidinger an Austrian trumpet virtuoso in the classical era, and a "k. Hof- und Theater-Trompeter"
1855 Harvey Putnam an American lawyer and politician. He was a Whig member of the U.S. House of Representatives, and served in the New York Senate
1855 José Trinidad Reyes y preferencia, sobre sus semejantes".
1861 Giovanni Battista Niccolini an Italian poet and playwright of the Italian unification movement or Risorgimento.
1863 Hans Christian Heg a Norwegian- American politician and soldier in the American Civil War from Wisconsin.
1863 Jacob Grimm a German philologist, jurist and mythologist. He is best known as the discoverer of Grimm's Law , the author of the monumental Deutsches Wörterbuch, the author of Deutsche Mythologie and, more popularly, as one of the Brothers Grimm, as the editor of Grimm's Fairy Tales
1872 James Patton Anderson an American physician, lawyer, and politician, most notably serving as a United States Congressman from the Washington Territory, a Mississippi state legislator, and a delegate at the Florida state secession convention to withdraw from the United States.
1873 Giovanni Battista Donati an Italian astronomer.
1876 Samuel L. Selden an American lawyer and politician from New York. He was Chief Judge of the New York Court of Appeals in 1862
1878 George Parker Bidder an English engineer and calculating prodigy.
1883 Bertrando Spaventa a leading Italian philosopher of the 19th century whose ideas had an important influence on the changes that took place during the unification of Italy and on philosophical thought in the 20th century.
1884 Leopold Fitzinger an Austrian zoologist.