Died on September 21

19 Virgil an ancient Roman poet of the Augustan period. He is known for three major works of Latin literature, the Eclogues , the Georgics, and the epic Aeneid. A number of minor poems, collected in the Appendix Vergiliana, are sometimes attributed to him
454 Flavius Aetius a Roman general of the closing period of the Western Roman Empire. He was an able military commander and the most influential man in the Western Roman Empire for two decades. He managed policy in regard to the attacks of barbarian federates settled throughout the Western Roman Empire. Notably, he mustered a large Roman and allied army to stop the Huns in the Battle of the Catalaunian Plains, ending the devastating Hunnic invasion of Attila in 451
687 Pope Conon Pope from 21 October 686 to his death in 687. He had been put forward as a compromise candidate, there being a conflict between the two factions resident in Rome—military and clerical. On his death, Conon was buried in the Patriarchal Basilica of Peter
895 Minamoto no Tōru a Japanese poet and statesman. He was born the grandson of Emperor Saga and a member of the Saga Genji clan. He is sometimes mentioned as the model for Hikaru Genji in important Japanese literary classic The Tale of Genji
1026 Otto-William Count of Burgundy Count of Macon, Count of Nevers, and Count of Burgundy.
1109 Svatopluk Duke of Bohemia Duke of Bohemia from 1107 to his assassination. His rule was overshadowed by the fierce conflict around the Bohemian throne in the 12th century
1217 Lembitu an ancient Estonian elder of Sakala County and military leader in the struggle against conquest of the Estonian lands by the German Livonian Brothers of the Sword at the beginning of the 13th century. He is the only Estonian pre-Crusade ruler, about whom some biographical information is known
1235 Andrew II of Hungary King of Hungary and Croatia between 1205 and 1235, and reigned in the Principality of Halych from 1188 till 1189 or 1190, and between 1208 or 1209 and 1210, using the title king during the latter period. He was the younger son of Béla III of Hungary, who invested him with the government of the Principality of Halych. His rule was unpopular and the boyars expelled him. Béla III willed landed property and money to Andrew, obliging him to lead a crusade to the Holy Land. However, after his father's death in 1196, Andrew rose up in rebellion against his elder brother, Emeric of Hungary, forcing him to cede Croatia and Dalmatia as appanage to him. In addition, Andrew occupied Hum
1239 Simon Count of Ponthieu a son of Alberic II of Dammartin and his wife Mathildis of Clermont.
1327 Edward II of England King of England from 1307 until he was deposed in January 1327. The fourth son of Edward I, Edward became the heir to the throne following the death of his older brother Alphonso. He grew up to be tall and athletic, and was considered good-looking by his contemporaries. From 1300 onward, Edward accompanied his father on campaigns to pacify Scotland, and in 1307 he was knighted in a grand ceremony at Westminster Abbey. Edward succeeded to the throne later that year, following his father's death. In 1308, he married Isabella of France, the daughter of the powerful King Philip IV, as part of a long-running effort to resolve the tensions between the English and French crowns
1397 Richard FitzAlan 11th Earl of Arundel an English medieval nobleman and military commander.
1461 Sophia of Halshany a Lithuanian princess of Halshany. As the fourth and last wife of Jogaila, King of Poland and Supreme Duke of Lithuania, she was Queen consort of Poland. As the mother of Władysław III, King of Poland and Hungary, and Casimir IV, Grand Duke of Lithuania and King of Poland, she was the founder of the Jagiellon dynasty
1481 Bartolomeo Platina an Italian Renaissance humanist writer and gastronomist.
1558 Charles V Holy Roman Emperor ruler of the Holy Roman Empire from 1519 and, as Charles I, of the Spanish Empire from 1516 until his voluntary abdication in favor of his younger brother Ferdinand I as Holy Roman Emperor and his son Philip II as King of Spain in 1556.
1576 Gerolamo Cardano an Italian Renaissance mathematician, physician, astrologer, philosopher and gambler. He wrote more than 200 works on medicine, mathematics, physics, philosophy, religion, and music. His gambling led him to formulate elementary rules in probability, making him one of the founders of the field
1586 Antoine Perrenot de Granvelle a Burgundian statesman, made a cardinal, who followed his father as a leading minister of the Spanish Habsburgs, and was one of the most influential European politicians during the time which immediately followed the appearance of Protestantism in Europe; "the dominating Imperial statesman of the whole century". He was also a notable art collector, the "greatest private collector of his time, the friend and patron of Titian and Leoni and many other artists"
1626 François de Bonne Duke of Lesdiguières soldier of the French Wars of Religion and Constable of France.
1629 Jan Pieterszoon Coen an officer of the Dutch East India Company in Indonesia in the early seventeenth century, holding two terms as its Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies.
1631 Federico Borromeo an Italian cardinal and archbishop of Milan.
1637 William V Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel the Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel in the Holy Roman Empire from 1627 to 1637.
1643 Hong Taiji an Emperor of the Qing dynasty. He was responsible for consolidating the empire that his father Nurhaci had founded. He laid the groundwork for the conquering of the Ming dynasty, although he died before this was accomplished. He was also responsible for changing the name of his people from Jurchen to Manchu in 1635, as well as that of the dynasty from Later Jin to Qing in 1636. The Qing dynasty lasted until 1912
1719 Johann Heinrich Acker a German writer. He sometimes wrote under the name of Melissander
1739 Saliha Sultan a consort of Greek descent, to Ottoman sultan Mustafa She was the mother of sultan Mahmud She held the title and position of Valide sultan during her son's reign.
1743 Jai Singh II the Rajput ruler of the kingdom of Amber. He was born at Amber, the capital of the Kachwahas. He became ruler of Amber at the age of 11 after his father Maharaja Bishan Singh died on 31 December 1699. On 21 April 1721, the Mughal emperor Muhammad Shah bestowed upon him the title of Saramad-i-Rajaha-i-Hind and on 2 June 1723, the emperor further bestowed him the titles of Raj Rajeshvar, Shri Rajadhiraj and Maharaja Sawai. "Sawai" means one and a quarter times superior to his contemporaries. These titles adorn his descendants even to this date. He had a great interest in mathematics, architecture and astronomy
1748 John Balguy an English divine and philosopher.
1798 George Read (U.S. statesman) an American lawyer and politician from New Castle in New Castle County, Delaware. He was a signer of the Declaration of Independence, a Continental Congressman from Delaware, a delegate to the U.S. Constitutional Convention of 1787, President of Delaware, and a member of the Federalist Party, who served as U.S. Senator from Delaware and Chief Justice of Delaware
1803 Maria Fortunata d'Este a Modenese princess by birth and a princess of the blood of France by marriage. By her marriage to a second cousin Louis François Joseph de Bourbon, Prince of Conti, she became the Countess of La Marche and later the Princess of Conti and was a member of the French court of Louis XV and Louis XVI. She was the last Princess of Conti and died without issue
1812 Emanuel Schikaneder a German impresario, dramatist, actor, singer and composer. He was the librettist of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's opera The Magic Flute and the builder of the Theater an der Wien. Branscombe called him "one of the most talented theatre men of his era"
1830 Prince Grigol of Georgia a Georgian royal prince of the house of Bagrationi. A grandson of George XII, the last king of Georgia, and the only son of Prince Ioann of Georgia, he was briefly proclaimed as King of Georgia during a revolt against the Russian rule in 1812. After spending several months in a Russian prison, Grigol joined the Russian military ranks and took part in the 1813 Polish campaign. He is the author of several poems, memoirs, and a compilation of Georgian poetry
1832 Walter Scott a Scottish historical novelist, playwright, and poet.
1836 John Stafford Smith a British composer, church organist, and early musicologist. He was one of the first serious collectors of manuscripts of works by Johann Sebastian Bach
1837 Duke Charles of Mecklenburg a member of the House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz and a Prussian soldier who served in the Napoleonic Wars. From 1827 until his death he was President of the Prussian State Council
1839 Gottfried Weber a prominent German writer on music , composer, and jurist.
1839 Laurent-Joseph-Marius Imbert a French missionary bishop in Asia. Most notable among the Koreans, he was executed in the Kingdom of Joseon for his Catholic faith, and has been canonized by the Catholic Church
1842 James Ivory (mathematician) a Scottish mathematician.
1845 Klementyna Hoffmanowa a Polish popular literary writer, translator, editor, and one of Poland's first writers of children's literature. She co-organized and chaired the Patriotic Charity Association. She was the first woman in Poland to support herself from writing and teaching, and considered herself primarily a writer
1854 Pedro Molina Mazariegos a Central American politician, considered one of the founders of liberalism in Guatemala.
1860 Arthur Schopenhauer driven by a continually dissatisfied will, continually seeking satisfaction. Influenced by Eastern philosophy, he maintained that the "truth was recognized by the sages of India"; consequently, his solutions to suffering were similar to those of Vedantic and Buddhist thinkers. The influence of "transcendental ideality" led him to choose atheism
1866 Karl Ludwig Hencke a German amateur astronomer. He is sometimes confused with Johann Franz Encke, another German astronomer
1866 Ulric Guttinguer a French novelist. He was born in Rouen
1874 Jean-Baptiste Élie de Beaumont a French geologist.
1875 Prince Adalbert of Bavaria (1828–1875) the ninth child and fourth son of Ludwig I of Bavaria and Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen.
1875 Princess Alexandra of Bavaria a member of the House of Wittelsbach and devoted her life to literature.
1880 Manuel Montt a Chilean statesman and scholar. He was twice elected President of Chile between 1851 and 1861
1883 Conrad Bursian a German philologist and archaeologist.
1890 Charles C. Stevenson an American politician. He was the fifth Governor of Nevada. He was a member of the Republican Party
1895 Silvestro Lega an Italian realist painter. He was one of the leading artists of the Macchiaioli and was also involved with the Mazzini movement
1904 Chief Joseph Hin-mah-too-yah-lat-kekt, Hinmatóowyalahtq̓it in Americanist orthography, popularly known as Chief Joseph, or Young Joseph , succeeded his father Tuekakas as the leader of the Wal-lam-wat-kain band of Nez Perce, a Native American tribe indigenous to the Wallowa Valley in northeastern Oregon, in the interior Pacific Northwest region of the United States.
1905 Francisco García Calderón a lawyer and president of Peru for a short seven-month period in 1881, during the War of the Pacific. His predecessor was Nicolás de Piérola, his successor was Lizardo Montero Flores. He established his name as an academic with his work on Peruvian Legislation Diccionario de la Legislación Peruana
1905 Rudolf Baumbach a German poet.