Born on September 22

1211 Ibn Khallikan a 13th Century Shafi'i Islamic scholar of Arab or Kurdish origin.
1335 Guglielmo Tocco the governor of the Greek island of Corfu in the 1330s and the founder of the Tocco dynasty.
1373 Thomas le Despenser 1st Earl of Gloucester the son of Edward le Despenser, 1st Baron le Despencer, whom he succeeded in 1375.
1515 Anne of Cleves Queen of England from 6 January 1540 to 9 July 1540 as the fourth wife of King Henry VIII. The marriage was declared never consummated, and she was not crowned queen consort. Following the annulment of their marriage, Anne was given a generous settlement by the King, and thereafter referred to as the King's Beloved Sister. She lived to see the coronation of Queen Mary I, outliving the rest of Henry's wives
1523 Charles de Bourbon (cardinal) a French cardinal. The Catholic League considered him the rightful King of France after the death of Henry III of France in 1589
1547 Philipp Nicodemus Frischlin parish minister.
1552 Vasili IV of Russia Tsar of Russia between 1606 and 1610 after the murder of False Dmitriy His reign fell during the Time of Troubles. He was the only member of House of Shuysky to become Tsar and the last member of the Rurikid dynasty to rule
1593 Matthäus Merian a Swiss-born engraver who worked in Frankfurt for most of his career, where he also ran a publishing house. He was a member of the patrician Basel Merian family
1601 Justus van Egmont a Dutch Golden Age painter and designer of tapestry.
1601 Anne of Austria queen consort of France and Navarre, regent for her son, Louis XIV of France, and a Spanish and Portuguese Infanta by birth. During her regency Cardinal Mazarin served as France's chief minister. Accounts of French court life of her era emphasize her difficult marital relations with her husband Louis XIII, her closeness to her son Louis XIV, and her disapproval of her son's marital infidelity to her niece Maria Theresa
1606 Li Zicheng a Chinese rebel leader who overthrew the Ming dynasty in 1644 and ruled over China briefly as the emperor of the short-lived Shun dynasty before his death a year later.
1622 Jacques Savary a successful French merchant who became a widely recognised expert on questions regarding commerce. He was the author of Le parfait négociant , a manual on mercantile trade, which was translated into several languages
1634 Christiana of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg the consort of Christian I, Duke of Saxe-Merseburg, who was the ruling Duke of Saxe-Merseburg from 1650 until his death.
1641 Titus van Rijn the fourth and only surviving child of Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn and Saskia van Uylenburgh. Titus is best known as a figure or model in his father's paintings and studies
1680 Barthold Heinrich Brockes a German poet.
1684 Charles Louis Auguste Fouquet duc de Belle-Isle a French general and statesman.
1694 Philip Stanhope 4th Earl of Chesterfield a British statesman and man of letters.
1701 Anna Magdalena Bach an accomplished singer and the second wife of Johann Sebastian Bach.
1715 Jean-Étienne Guettard born at Étampes, near Paris.
1725 Joseph Duplessis a French painter, known for the clarity and immediacy of his portraits.
1741 Peter Simon Pallas a German zoologist and botanist who worked in Russia.
1743 Quintin Craufurd born at Kilwinning.
1744 Claude Fauchet (revolutionist) a French revolutionary bishop.
1750 Christian Konrad Sprengel a German theologist, teacher and, most importantly, a naturalist. He is most famously known for his research into plant sexuality
1755 Christian Kalkbrenner a German bandmaster or Kapellmeister, violinist, organ and keyboard player, and composer. Almost an exact contemporary of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, he was a prolific composer in many fields and a force in the musical world. He rose to high honours at the courts of the Prussian Kings. For unknown reasons, Kalkbrenner left his position as Kapellmeister to Prince Henry of Prussia and went first to Naples and later on to Paris. He was the father of Friedrich Wilhelm Kalkbrenner, one of the great piano virtuosos of the first half of the 19th century
1757 Jean-Baptiste Cyrus de Valence Timbrune de Thiembronne, Comte de Valence commanded French troops during the French Revolutionary Wars and the Napoleonic Wars. A nobleman, he joined the French Royal Army as a captain of cavalry in 1778. By the time of the French Revolution he commanded a cavalry regiment. Valence led troops at Valmy in 1792 and was soon appointed to command the Army of the Ardennes. He led the right wing at Neerwinden. Becoming involved in Charles Francois Dumouriez's failed plot to seize control of the army, he defected in April 1793
1759 William Playfair a Scottish engineer and political economist, the founder of graphical methods of statistics.
1762 Elizabeth Simcoe an artist and diarist in colonial Canada. She was the wife of John Graves Simcoe, the first Lieutenant Governor of Upper Canada
1764 Carl Fredrik Fallén a Swedish botanist and entomologist.
1765 Paolo Ruffini an Italian mathematician and philosopher.
1773 Šćepan Mali a ruler of Montenegro from 1767 until his death in 1773. He seized the throne by falsely representing himself as the Russian Tsar Peter III
1780 Prince Alfred of Great Britain a member of the British Royal Family as the 14th child and ninth son of King George III and his queen consort Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. Alfred became ill after his inoculation against the smallpox virus; his early death at the age of nearly two, along with the demise of his brother Prince Octavius six months later, was a shock to their parents. In his later bouts of madness King George would have imagined conversations with both of his youngest sons
1780 Joseph Agricol Viala a child hero in the French Revolutionary Army.
1788 Theodore Hook an English man of letters and composer, and briefly a civil servant in Mauritius. He is best known for his practical jokes, particularly the Berners Street Hoax in 1810
1789 Rodolphe de Maistre None
1791 Michael Faraday an English scientist who contributed to the fields of electromagnetism and electrochemistry. His main discoveries include those of electromagnetic induction, diamagnetism and electrolysis
1800 George Bentham an English botanist, characterised by Duane Isely as "the premier systematic botanist of the nineteenth century".
1802 Yuriy Venelin a Ukrainian Slavist, folklorist, ethnographer and philologist best known for his research on the language, history and culture of Bulgaria and the Bulgarian people.
1811 Michal Miloslav Hodža a Slovak national revivalist, Protestant priest, poet, linguist, and representative of the Slovakian national movement in 1840's as a member of "the trinity" Štúr – Hurban – Hodža. Michal Miloslav Hodža is also the uncle of the Czechoslovak politician Milan Hodža
1812 Samuel Wells Williams a linguist, official, missionary and Sinologist from the United States in the early 19th century.
1815 Pyotr Valuyev a Russian statesman and writer.
1816 Charles Leickert a Belgian painter of Dutch landscapes. As a specialist in winter landscapes, he explored the nuances of the evening sky and the rosy-fingered dawn
1819 Wilhelm Wattenbach a German historian.
1821 Patrick T. Moore a Confederate States Army brigadier general during the American Civil War. As colonel leading the 1st Virginia Infantry Regiment, he was severely wounded at the Battle of Blackburn's Ford on July 18, 1861 and was incapacitated for further field service. Thereafter, he served as an aide-de-camp first to General Joseph Johnston and then to Lieutenant General James Longstreet, a judge advocate general on court martial duty and a brigade commander of Virginia Reserves in the Department of Richmond. He was a merchant and Virginia militia officer before the war and an insurance agent after the war
1822 Adolph von Steinwehr a German-Brunswick army officer who emigrated to the United States, became a geographer, cartographer, and author, and served as a Union general in the American Civil War.
1822 Eppa Hunton a U.S. Representative and Senator from Virginia and a brigadier general in the Confederate Army during the American Civil War
1827 John Parke a United States Army engineer and a Union general in the American Civil War. Parke's Civil War service was closely associated with Ambrose Burnside often serving him as chief of staff in major engagements such as Antietam, Fredericksburg and the Overland Campaign. Parke also held significant field commands during Burnside's North Carolina Expedition, Vicksburg and the battle of Fort Stedman as well as brief stints in command of the Army of the Potomac
1832 Hermann Zabel a German botanist who specialized in the field of dendrology.
1835 Leopold Prince of Hohenzollern the head of the Swabian branch of the House of Hohenzollern, and played a fleeting role in European power politics, in connection with the Franco-Prussian War.
1835 Alexander Potebnja a Russian-Ukrainian philosopher and linguist active in the Russian Empire, who was a professor of linguistics at the University of Kharkiv. He translated part of Homer's Odyssey into Ukrainian, even though translating into that language was prohibited in the Russian Empire. He constructed a theory of language and consciousness that later influenced the thinking of his countryman the Psychologist Lev Vygotsky. His main work was "Language and Thought". he was a corresponding member of the Petersburg Academy of Sciences, the foremost academic institution in the Russian Empire