Born on September 24

15 Vitellius Roman Emperor for eight months, from 16 April to 22 December 69. Vitellius was proclaimed emperor following the quick succession of the previous emperors Galba and Otho, in a year of civil war known as the Year of the Four Emperors
936 'Adud al-Dawla king of the Buyid dynasty from 949 to 983. He is widely regarded as the greatest monarch of the dynasty, and one of the most powerful Muslim rulers during his late reign
1158 Abraham of Mirozha an abbot of the Mirozhsky Monastery at Pskov in Russia.
1301 Ralph de Stafford 1st Earl of Stafford an English nobleman and notable soldier during the Hundred Years War against France.
1418 Anne of Cyprus the daughter of King Janus of Cyprus and Charlotte of Bourbon; and a member of the celebrated Lusignan crusader dynasty. She was Duchess of Savoy as the wife of Louis, Duke of Savoy
1473 Georg von Frundsberg a South German military and Landsknecht leader in the service of the Imperial House of Habsburg. An early modern proponent of infantry tactics, he established his reputation in active service during the Italian Wars under Emperor Maximilian I and his successor Charles V
1501 Gerolamo Cardano an Italian Renaissance mathematician, physician, astrologer, philosopher and gambler. He wrote more than 200 works on medicine, mathematics, physics, philosophy, religion, and music. His gambling led him to formulate elementary rules in probability, making him one of the founders of the field
1513 Catherine of Saxe-Lauenburg the first consort of Gustav I of Sweden and Queen of Sweden from 1531 until her death in 1535. She was born in Ratzeburg to Magnus I, Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg and Catherine, daughter of Henry IV, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
1547 Faizi a poet and scholar of late medieval India. In 1588, he became the Malik-ush-Shu'ara of Akbar's Court. He was the elder brother of Akbar's historian Abul Fazl. Akbar highly recognised the genius in him and appointed him tutor for his sons and gave place to him among his decorative 'Navaratnas'
1562 Ercole Lord of Monaco Lord of Monaco from 17 May 1589 to 29 November 1604.
1564 William Adams (sailor) an English navigator who travelled to Japan becoming the first ever Western Samurai. Adams was also to be the first Englishman ever to reach that country and was the inspiration for the character of John Blackthorne in James Clavell's best-selling novel Shōgun
1577 Louis V Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt the Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt from 1596 to 1626.
1583 Albrecht von Wallenstein a Bohemian military leader and politician, who offered his services, and an army of 30,000 to 100,000 men during the Thirty Years' War , to the Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand He became the supreme commander of the armies of the Habsburg Monarchy and a major figure of the Thirty Years' War.
1599 Adam Olearius a German scholar, mathematician, geographer and librarian. He became secretary to the ambassador sent by Frederick III, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp, to the Shah of Persia, and published two books about the events and observations during his travels
1622 Georg Händel a barber-surgeon and the father of Georg Frideric Handel. As a young man he had to stop attending grammar school when his father Valentin died and had to give up his aspirations to become a lawyer. It is very unlikely he ever succeeded in finishing a medical study and without a degree he was not allowed to call himself a physician
1625 Johan de Witt a key figure in Dutch politics in the mid-17th century, when its flourishing sea trade in a period of globalization made the United Provinces a leading European power during the Dutch Golden Age. De Witt controlled the Netherlands political system from around 1650 until shortly before his death in 1672 working with various factions from nearly all the major cities, especially his hometown, Dordrecht, and the city of birth of his wife, Amsterdam. As a republican he opposed the House of Orange and, along with his brother Cornelis de Witt, was murdered by Orangists
1667 Jean-Louis Lully a French musician and composer. He was born in Paris, the youngest son of Jean-Baptiste Lully
1704 Karl August Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont and Commander of the Dutch forces in the War of Austrian Succession.
1705 Count Leopold Joseph von Daun born at Vienna, as son of Count Wirich Philipp von Daun.
1709 John Cleland an English novelist best known as the author of Fanny Hill: or, the Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure.
1714 Alaungpaya a Bamar king of Burma from 1752-60 and the founder of the Konbaung Dynasty. By the time of his death from illness during his campaign in Thailand, this former chief of a small village in Upper Burma had unified Burma, subdued Manipur, conquered Lanna and driven out the French and the English who had given help to the Mon Restored Hanthawaddy Kingdom. He also founded Yangon in 1755
1717 Horace Walpole an English art historian, man of letters, antiquarian and Whig politician.
1731 Princess Charlotte Sophie of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld a German duchess.
1750 Margravine Louise of Brandenburg-Schwedt a Margravine of Brandenburg by births and by marriage a princess, and later Duchess, of Anhalt-Dessau.
1754 Louis-Joseph Charlier a French statesman during the French Revolution, an early supporter of the Montagnard faction of the National Convention, but ultimately one of many turncoats to betray the régime of the French Terror. He is sometimes referred to as Charles
1755 Robert Lefèvre a French painter of portraits, history paintings and religious paintings. He was heavily influenced by Jacques-Louis David and his style s reminiscent of the antique
1755 John Marshall the fourth Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. His court opinions helped lay the basis for United States constitutional law and made the Supreme Court of the United States a coequal branch of government along with the legislative and executive branches. Previously, Marshall had been a leader of the Federalist Party in Virginia and served in the United States House of Representatives from 1799 to 1800. He was Secretary of State under President John Adams from 1800 to 1801
1761 F.L.Æ. Kunzen a German composer and conductor who lived and worked for much of his life in Denmark.
1762 William Lisle Bowles an English priest, poet and critic.
1764 Joseph Marie Count Dessaix a French general of the Napoleonic Wars.
1771 Jean-Andoche Junot a French general during the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars.
1778 Michał Gedeon Radziwiłł a Polish-Lithuanian szlachcic, senator, owner of the Nieborów and others properties.
1780 Hendrik Tollens a Dutch poet best known for Wien Neêrlands Bloed, the national anthem of the Netherlands between 1815 and 1932.
1783 Arseny Zakrevsky a Russian statesman and Minister of the Interior from April 19 of 1828 to November 19 of 1831.
1794 Jeanne Villepreux-Power a pioneering female French marine biologist who in 1832 was the first person to create aquaria for experimenting with aquatic organisms.
1796 Antoine-Louis Barye a French sculptor most famous for his work as an animalier, a sculptor of animals.
1801 Mikhail Ostrogradsky a Ukrainian mathematician, mechanician and physicist. Ostrogradsky is considered to be a disciple of Leonhard Euler and one of the leading mathematicians of Imperial Russia
1802 Adolphe d'Archiac a French geologist and paleontologist.
1810 Adolf Zeising a German psychologist, whose main interests were mathematics and philosophy.
1812 Archibald McMurdo a British naval officer, for whom Antarctica's McMurdo Sound, McMurdo Station, McMurdo Ice Shelf, McMurdo Dry Valleys and McMurdo-South Pole Highway are named.
1817 Ramón de Campoamor y Campoosorio a Spanish realist poet and philosopher.
1818 Pyotr Romanovich Bagration a Russian-Georgian statesman, general and scientist who invented the first dry galvanic cell.
1821 Cyprian Norwid Kamil Norwid, a.k.a. Cyprian Konstanty Norwid was a nationally esteemed Polish poet, dramatist, painter, and sculptor. He was born in the Masovian village of Laskowo-Głuchy near Warsaw. One of his maternal ancestors was the Polish King John III Sobieski
1824 Truman Seymour a career soldier and an accomplished painter. He served in the Union Army during the American Civil War, rising to the rank of major general. He was present at the Battle of Fort Sumter. He commanded the Union troops at the Battle of Olustee, the largest Civil War battle fought in Florida
1824 Ernst Reissner a Baltic German anatomist from Riga, Livonia.
1826 George Price Boyce a British watercolour painter of landscapes and vernacular architecture in the Pre-Raphaelite style. He was a patron and friend of Dante Gabriel Rossetti
1827 Henry Warner Slocum a Union general during the American Civil War and later served in the United States House of Representatives from New York. During the war, he was one of the youngest major generals in the Army and fought numerous major battles in the Eastern Theater and in Georgia and the Carolinas. Controversy arose from his conduct at the Battle of Gettysburg, where he was accused of indecision and a dilatory advance to the battlefield, earning him the derogatory nickname "Slow Come"
1829 Charles S. West an American jurist and politician in the state of Texas, serving as a state representative, the Texas Secretary of State, and an Associate Justice of the Texas Supreme Court.
1831 William Gordon (bishop of Leeds) an English prelate of the Roman Catholic Church. He was the second Bishop of Leeds
1837 Alexander Imeretinsky a Georgian royal prince , hero of Russo-Turkish War and governor-general of Warsaw.