Died on September 24

366 Pope Liberius Pope from 17 May 352 to his death in 366. According to the Catalogus Liberianus, he was consecrated on 22 May as the successor of Pope Julius I
768 Pepin the Short a King of the Franks from 751 until his death. He was the first of the Carolingians to become King
911 Louis the Child the king of East Francia from 899 until his death. He was the last East Frankish ruler of the Carolingian dynasty
1046 Gerard Sagredo O.S.B. was an Italian Benedictine monk from Venice, who served in the Kingdom of Hungary and in Cenad
1054 Hermann of Reichenau an 11th-century scholar, composer, music theorist, mathematician, and astronomer. He composed the Marian prayer Alma Redemptoris Mater. He was beatified in 1863
1120 Welf II Duke of Bavaria duke of Bavaria from 1101 until his death. In the Welf genealogy, he is counted as Welf V
1143 Agnes of Germany a member of the Salian imperial family. Through her first marriage, she was a Duchess consort of Swabia; through her second marriage, she was a Margravine consort of Austria
1143 Pope Innocent II Pope from 14 February 1130 to his death in 1143. He was probably one of the clergy in personal attendance on the Antipope Clement III
1180 Manuel I Komnenos a Byzantine Emperor of the 12th century who reigned over a crucial turning point in the history of Byzantium and the Mediterranean.
1218 Robert of Knaresborough a hermit who lived in a cave by the River Nidd, Knaresborough, North Yorkshire. His feast day is 24 September
1228 Stefan the First-Crowned Grand Prince of Serbia from 1196, and the King of Serbia from 1217 until his death in 1228. He was the first official Serb King , and through his promotion of the Serbian Grand Principality into a kingdom and helping his brother Saint Sava in establishing the Serbian Church, he is regarded one of the most important of the long lasting Nemanjić dynasty
1275 Humphrey de Bohun 2nd Earl of Hereford 2nd Earl of Hereford and 1st Earl of Essex, as well as Constable of England. He was the son of Henry de Bohun, 1st Earl of Hereford and Maud of Essex
1407 Andronikos V Palaiologos co-emperor of the Byzantine Empire with his father John VII Palaiologos.
1435 Isabeau of Bavaria Queen of France as the wife of King Charles VI, whom she married in 1385. She was born into the old and prestigious House of Wittelsbach, the eldest daughter of Duke Stephen III of Bavaria-Ingolstadt and Taddea Visconti of Milan. Isabeau was sent to France when she was around 15 or 16, on approval to the young French king who liked her enough to marry her three days after meeting her
1494 Poliziano an Italian classical scholar and poet of the Florentine Renaissance. His scholarship was instrumental in the divergence of Renaissance Latin from medieval norms and for developments in philology. His nickname, Poliziano, by which he is chiefly identified to the present day, was derived from the Latin name of his birthplace, Montepulciano
1498 Cristoforo Landino an Italian humanist and an important figure of the Florentine Renaissance.
1534 Michael Glinski a noble from the Grand Duchy of Lithuania of distant Tatar extraction who was also a tutor of his nephew, Ivan the Terrible. As a young man, Glinsky served in the court of Emperor Maximilian I and earned distinction for his military service. Around 1498 he returned to Lithuania and quickly rose in power and wealth, angering local nobles. Just after commanding the victorious Battle of Kletsk against the Crimean Khanate in August 1506, he was accused of conspiracy against the deceased Grand Duke Alexander Jagiellon and lost all his wealth. Glinsky began an armed rebellion against Sigismund I, the new Grand Duke. The rebellion was unsuccessful and Glinski retreated to the Grand Duchy of Moscow, where he served Vasili III of Russia. When the Muscovite–Lithuanian Wars renewed in 1512, Glinsky was instrumental in helping Moscow to capture Smolensk, a major trading center. However, he was not rewarded with the regency of the city. Angered, he planned to betray Vasili III, but the plot was discovered and he was imprisoned for 12 years. He was freed after his niece Elena Glinskaya married Vasili III in 1526. Before his death in 1533, Vasili appointed Elena and Glinski as protectors of his underage sons Ivan and Yuri. Elena disapproved Glinsky's influence in the state and had him sent to prison, where he soon died of starvation
1537 Jean Ruel a French physician and botanist noted for the 1536 publication in Paris of De Natura Stirpium, a Renaissance treatise on botany.
1541 Paracelsus a Swiss German Renaissance physician, botanist, alchemist, astrologer, and general occultist. He founded the discipline of Toxicology. He is also known as a revolutionary for insisting upon using observations of nature, rather than looking to ancient texts, in open and radical defiance of medical practice of his day. He is also credited for giving zinc its name, calling it zincum. Modern psychology often also credits him for being the first to note that some diseases are rooted in psychological illness
1545 Albert of Mainz Elector and Archbishop of Mainz from 1514 to 1545, and Archbishop of Magdeburg from 1513 to 1545.
1605 Manuel Mendes a Portuguese composer and teacher of the Renaissance. While his music remains obscure, he was important as the teacher of several of the composers of the golden age of Portuguese polyphony, including Duarte Lobo and Manuel Cardoso
1607 Simion Movilă twice Prince of Wallachia and Prince of Moldavia on one occasion.
1612 Johannes Lippius a German Protestant theologian, philosopher, composer, and music theorist. He coined the term "harmonic triad" in his "Synopsis of New Music"
1621 Jan Karol Chodkiewicz a military commander of the Polish-Lithuanian army who was from 1601 Field Hetman of Lithuania, and from 1605 Grand Hetman of Lithuania, and was one of the most prominent noblemen and military commanders of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth of his era. His coat of arms was Chodkiewicz, as was his family name
1645 William Lawes an English composer and musician.
1646 Duarte Lobo a Portuguese composer of the late Renaissance and early Baroque. He was one of the most famous Portuguese composers of the time, together with Filipe de Magalhães, Manuel Cardoso, composers who all began their academic studies as students of Manuel Mendes. Along with John IV, King of Portugal, they represent the "golden age" of Portuguese polyphony
1650 Charles de Valois Duke of Angoulême the Duke of Angoulême and the illegitimate son of Charles IX of France and Marie Touchet; born at the Château de Fayet in Dauphiné. His father, dying in the following year, commended him to the care and favour of his younger brother and successor, Henry III, who faithfully fulfilled the charge. His mother married François de Balzac, marquis d'Entragues, and one of her daughters, Henriette, marquise de Verneuil, afterwards became the mistress of Henry IV
1685 Gustaf Otto Stenbock a Swedish soldier and politician.
1707 Vincenzo da Filicaja an Italian poet.
1732 Emperor Reigen the 112th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.
1735 Petr Brandl a painter of the late Baroque, famous in his time but – due to isolation behind the Iron Curtain – rather forgotten until recently. He was of German-speaking Austrian descent in the bilingual Kingdom of Bohemia. His mother was from Czech peasant family, that lived in Přestanice. According to the Grove Dictionary of Art and other sources, Brandl was born into a craftsman’s family and apprenticed around 1683–1688 to Kristián Schröder
1742 Johann Matthias Hase a German mathematician, astronomer, and cartographer.
1753 Georg Gebel (the younger) a German musician and composer.
1793 François Baron de Tott an aristocrat and a French military officer of Hungarian origin. Born on August 17, 1733 in Chamigny, a village in northern France, the descendant of a Hungarian nobleman, who had emigrated to the Ottoman Empire and then moved on to France with the cavalry of Count Miklós Bercsényi, and was later raised to the rank of baron
1802 Alexander Radishchev a Russian author and social critic who was arrested and exiled under Catherine the Great. He brought the tradition of radicalism in Russian literature to prominence with the publication in 1790 of his Journey from Petersburg to Moscow. His depiction of socio-economic conditions in Russia earned him exile to Siberia until 1797
1803 Grand Duchess Elena Pavlovna of Russia a daughter of Grand Duke, later Tsar Paul I of Russia and his second wife Sophie Dorothea of Württemberg. After marrying the son and heir of the Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin she became spouse to the heir and thus dropped her Russian title
1812 Pyotr Bagration a prominent general of the Imperial Russian Army during the Napoleonic Wars and other conflicts involving the Russian Empire. He was a descendant of the Georgian royal Bagrationi dynasty
1813 André Grétry a composer from the Prince-Bishopric of Liège , who worked from 1767 onwards in France and took French nationality. He is most famous for his opéras comiques
1825 Peter Paul Dobree born in Guernsey.
1828 Shaka one of the most influential monarchs of the Zulu Kingdom.
1834 Pedro I of Brazil the founder and first ruler of the Empire of Brazil. As King Dom Pedro IV, he reigned briefly over Portugal, where he also became known as "the Liberator" as well as "the Soldier King". Born in Lisbon, Pedro I was the fourth child of King Dom João VI of Portugal and Queen Carlota Joaquina, and thus a member of the House of Braganza. When their country was invaded by French troops in 1807, he and his family fled to Portugal's largest and wealthiest colony, Brazil
1840 William Garrow a British barrister, politician and judge known for his indirect reform of the advocacy system, which helped usher in the adversarial court system used in most common law nations today. He introduced the phrase "presumed innocent until proven guilty", insisting that defendants' accusers and their evidence be thoroughly tested in court. Born to a priest and his wife in Monken Hadley, then in Middlesex, Garrow was educated at his father's school in the village before being apprenticed to Thomas Southouse, an attorney in Cheapside, which preceded a pupillage with Crompton, a special pleader. A dedicated student of the law, Garrow frequently observed cases at the Old Bailey; as a result Crompton recommended that he become a solicitor or barrister. Garrow joined Lincoln's Inn in November 1778, and was called to the Bar on 27 November 1783. He quickly established himself as a criminal defence counsel, and in February 1793 was made a King's Counsel by HM Government to prosecute cases involving treason and felonies
1848 Branwell Brontë a painter, a writer and a poet, the only son of the Brontë family, and the brother of the writers Charlotte, Emily and Anne.
1852 Francisco Javier Castaños 1st Duke of Bailén a Spanish general during the Peninsular War.
1852 Prince Gustav Duke of Uppland the second son of Oscar I of Sweden and Josephine of Leuchtenberg and younger brother to Prince Charles.
1856 Henry Hardinge 1st Viscount Hardinge a British Army officer and politician. After serving in the Peninsula War and the Waterloo Campaign he became Secretary at War in Wellington's ministry. After a tour as Chief Secretary for Ireland in 1830 he became Secretary at War again in Sir Robert Peel's cabinet. He went on to be Governor-general of India at the time of the First Anglo-Sikh War and then Commander-in-Chief of the Forces during the Crimean War
1859 Emanuel Larsen a Danish painter who specialized in marine painting.
1860 Duchess Marie of Württemberg a daughter of Duke Alexander of Württemberg and Antoinette of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld. She was Duchess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha from 1832 to 1844 as the second wife of Duke Ernest As such, she was the stepmother of Prince Albert, consort of Queen Victoria
1862 Anton Martin Slomšek a Slovene bishop, author, poet, and advocate of Slovene culture.
1877 Saigō Takamori one of the most influential samurai in Japanese history, living during the late Edo Period and early Meiji Era. He has been dubbed the last true samurai. He was born Saigō Kokichi , and received the given name Takamori in adulthood. He wrote poetry under the name Saigō Nanshū. His younger brother was Gensui The Marquis Saigō Tsugumichi