Born on September 25

71 Valter hugo mãe the artistic name of the Portuguese writer, Valter Hugo Lemos. He is also an editor, singer, plastic artist. valter hugo mãe received the José Saramago Prize in Literature in 2007 for his novel o remorso de baltazar serapião
1216 Robert I Count of Artois the first Count of Artois, the fifth son of Louis VIII of France and Blanche of Castile.
1358 Ashikaga Yoshimitsu the 3rd shogun of the Ashikaga shogunate who ruled from 1368 to 1394 during the Muromachi period of Japan. Yoshimitsu was the son of the second shogun Ashikaga Yoshiakira
1394 Nerio I Acciaioli as Italian aristocrat from Florence who rose to power in Frankish Greece during the last decades of the fourteenth century, eventually becoming Duke of Athens.
1403 Louis III of Naples titular King of Naples 1417–1426, Count of Provence, Forcalquier, Piedmont, and Maine and Duke of Anjou 1417–1434, and Duke of Calabria 1426–1434.
1417 Nicholas of Flüe the patron saint of Switzerland. He is sometimes invoked as "Brother Klaus." A farmer, military leader, member of the assembly, councillor, judge and mystic, he was respected as a man of complete moral integrity, Brother Klaus's counsel to the Diet of Stans helped to prevent war between the Swiss cantons
1525 Steven Borough born at Northam, Devon.
1559 Mircea the Shepherd the Prince of Wallachia three times: January 1545 –16 November 1552; May 1553–28 February 1554 ; and January 1558–21 September 1559.
1599 Francesco Borromini an Italian architect born in today's Ticino who, with his contemporaries Gian Lorenzo Bernini and Pietro da Cortona, was a leading figure in the emergence of Roman Baroque architecture.
1607 Dorothea of Anhalt-Zerbst a member of the House of Askanier and a princess of Anhalt-Zerbst and by marriage Duchess of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel.
1613 Claude Perrault best known as the architect of the east wing of the Louvre Palace in Paris. He also achieved success as a physician and anatomist, and as an author, who wrote treatises on physics and natural history
1620 François Bernier a French physician and traveller. He was born at Joué-Etiau in Anjou. He was briefly personal physician to Prince Dara Shikoh, the elder son of Shah Jahan, and after Dara Shikoh's fall was attached to the court of the Emperor Aurangzeb for around 12 years during his stay in India
1644 Ole Rømer a Danish astronomer who in 1676 made the first quantitative measurements of the speed of light. In scientific literature alternative spellings such as "Roemer", "Römer", or "Romer" are common
1657 Imre Thököly a Hungarian noble, leader of an anti-Habsburg uprising, Prince of Transylvania, and vassal king of Upper Hungary.
1663 Johann Nikolaus Hanff a North German organist and composer. Hanff was born in Wechmar in Thuringia and worked in Eutin, Hamburg and Schleswig
1683 Jean-Philippe Rameau one of the most important French composers and music theorists of the Baroque era. He replaced Jean-Baptiste Lully as the dominant composer of French opera and is also considered the leading French composer for the harpsichord of his time, alongside François Couperin
1694 Henry Pelham a British Whig statesman, who served as Prime Minister of Great Britain from 27 August 1743 until his death. He was the younger brother of Thomas Pelham-Holles, the Duke of Newcastle, who succeeded Henry as Prime Minister
1697 Francis Josias Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld a duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld.
1710 Augustin Ehrensvärd a Swedish military officer, military architect, artist, creator of the Sveaborg fortress and the Swedish archipelago fleet. He was born in Fullerö Castle, Barkarö and died in Saris, Virmo
1711 Qianlong Emperor the sixth emperor of the Manchu-led Qing Dynasty, and the fourth Qing emperor to rule over China proper. The fourth son of the Yongzheng Emperor, he reigned officially from 11 October 1735 to 8 February 1796.1 On 8 February, he abdicated in favor of his son, the Jiaqing Emperor – a filial act in order not to reign longer than his grandfather, the illustrious Kangxi Emperor. Despite his retirement, however, he retained ultimate power until his death in 1799. Although his early years saw the continuation of an era of prosperity in China, his final years saw troubles at home and abroad converge on the Qing Empire
1718 Duke Louis Ernest of Brunswick-Lüneburg a field-marshal in the armies of the Holy Roman Empire and the Dutch Republic. From 13 November 1750 to 1766 he was the Captain-General of the Netherlands, where he was known as the Duke of Brunswick or Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel. Another brother was Duke Ferdinand of Brunswick who led the Allied Anglo-German army during the Seven Years' War
1725 Robert Clive a British officer who established the military and political supremacy of the East India Company in Bengal. He is credited with securing India, and the wealth that followed, for the British crown. Together with Warren Hastings he was one of the key early figures in the creation of British India. He also sat as a Tory Member of Parliament in Great Britain
1726 Angelo Maria Bandini an Italian author and librarian born in Florence.
1729 Christian Gottlob Heyne a German classical scholar and archaeologist as well as long-time director of the Göttingen State and University Library.
1732 Angelo Fabroni an Italian biographer and historian.
1734 Cardinal de Rohan a French bishop of Strasbourg, politician, cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church, and cadet of the Rohan family. His parents were Hercule Mériadec, Prince of Guéméné and Louise Gabrielle Julie de Rohan. He was born in Paris
1738 Nicholas Van Dyke (governor) an American lawyer and politician from New Castle, in New Castle County, Delaware. He served in the Delaware General Assembly, as a Continental Congressman from Delaware, and as President of Delaware
1741 Wenzel Pichl a classical Czech composer of the 18th Century. He was also a violinist, music director and writer
1744 Frederick William II of Prussia King of Prussia, from 1786 until his death. He was in personal union the Prince-Elector of Brandenburg and the sovereign prince of the Principality of Neuchâtel. Pleasure-loving and indolent, he is seen as the antithesis to his predecessor, Frederick Under his reign, Prussia was weakened internally and externally, and he failed to deal adequately with the challenges to the existing order posed by the French Revolution. His religious policies were directed against the Enlightenment and aimed at restoring a traditional Protestantism. However, he was a patron of the arts and responsible for the construction of some notable buildings, among them the Brandenburger Tor in Berlin
1749 Abraham Gottlob Werner a German geologist who set out an early theory about the stratification of the Earth's crust and propounded an earth history that others labeled Neptunism. While most tenets of Neptunism were eventually set aside, science is indebted to Werner for clearly demonstrating the chronological succession of rocks, for the zeal which he infused into his pupils, and for the impulse which he thereby gave to the study of geology. Much of his work was based on pre-existing traditions of stratigraphy and cosmogony in Europe. He has been called the “father of German geology.”
1758 Josepha Barbara Auernhammer an Austrian pianist and composer.
1764 Fletcher Christian master's mate on board HMS Bounty during William Bligh's voyage to Tahiti for breadfruit plants. In the mutiny on the Bounty, Christian seized command of the ship from William Bligh on 28 April 1789
1765 Michał Kleofas Ogiński a Polish composer, diplomat and politician, Lithuanian Grand Treasurer, and a senator of the Russian Empire.
1766 Armand-Emmanuel de Vignerot du Plessis Duc de Richelieu a prominent French statesman during the Bourbon Restoration. As a royalist, during the French Revolutionary Wars and Napoleonic Wars, he served as a ranking officer in the Russian Imperial Army, achieving the grade of Major General
1771 Nikolay Raevsky a Russian general and statesman who achieved fame for his feats of arms during the Napoleonic Wars. His family left a lasting legacy in Russian society and culture
1773 Agostino Bassi an Italian entomologist. He preceded Louis Pasteur in the discovery that microorganisms can be the cause of disease. He discovered that the muscardine disease of silkworms was caused by a living, very small, parasitic organism, a fungus that would be named eventually Beauveria bassiana in his honor. In 1844, he stated the idea that not only animal , but also human diseases are caused by other living microorganisms; for example, measles, syphilis, and the plague
1780 Jason Fairbanks an early American murderer. Fairbanks came from a prominent family in Dedham, Massachusetts. He was the son of Ebenezer and Prudence Farrington Fairbanks and lived in the Fairbanks House, today the oldest wood-framed house in the country. He was born with a lame arm. His sixth cousin, once removed, was Vice President Charles Fairbanks
1782 Charles Maturin Robert Maturin, also known as C.R. Maturin , was an Irish Protestant clergyman and a writer of Gothic plays and novels. His best known work is the novel Melmoth the Wanderer
1790 Matvey Dmitriev-Mamonov a Russian figure of public life and writer, organiser and chief of the Mamonov regiment during the Napoleonic wars, major general , founder of the pre-decembrist Russian Order of Chivalry. He held a considerable estate, including the manor Dubrovitsy near Moscow. In 1825 he refused the oath on Tzar Nicholas I and was declared insane. For the rest of his life he stood under trusteeship at Vassilyevskoye manor, which became known as Mamonov’s Dacha
1792 Ivan Lazhechnikov a Russian writer.
1793 Felicia Hemans an English poet.
1798 Jean-Baptiste Élie de Beaumont a French geologist.
1798 Hendrik Scheffer a Dutch painter in the Romantic tradition who lived in France for most of his life. In France he is usually known as Henri Scheffer
1799 Luisa Cáceres de Arismendi a heroine of the Venezuelan War of Independence.
1801 Eduard Knoblauch a German architect.
1807 Alfred Vail an American machinist and inventor. Vail was central, with Samuel B. Morse, in developing and commercializing the telegraph between 1837 and 1844. Vail and Morse were the first two telegraph operators on Morse's first experimental line between Washington, DC, and Baltimore, and Vail took charge of building and managing several early telegraph lines between 1845 and 1848. He was also responsible for several technical innovations of Morse's system, particularly the sending key and improved recording registers and relay magnets. Vail left the telegraph industry in 1848 because he believed that the managers of Morse's lines did not fully value his contributions. His last assignment, superintendent of the Washington and New Orleans Telegraph Company, paid him only $900 a year, leading Vail to write to Morse, "I have made up my mind to leave the Telegraph to take care of itself, since it cannot take care of I shall, in a few months, leave Washington for New Jersey,... and bid adieu to the subject of the Telegraph for some more profitable business."
1808 Georg Fresenius a German physician and botanist, known for his work in the field of phycology. He was a native of Frankfurt am Main
1812 Jean-Baptiste Singelée a Belgian classical composer of the romantic period.
1812 Friedrich Karl Biedermann a German professor, politician, and publisher who greatly aided the Liberal movement in Germany during the process of German Unification.
1816 Georg August Rudolph a German politician and from 4 December 1856 until 2 August 1884 mayor of Marburg.