Died on September 25

744 Yazid III an Umayyad caliph. He reigned for six months, from April 15 to October 3 or 4, 744, and died in that office
1066 Harald Hardrada King of Norway from 1046 to 1066. In addition, he unsuccessfully claimed the Danish throne until 1064 and the English throne in 1066. Prior to becoming king, Harald had spent around fifteen years in exile as a mercenary and military commander in Kievan Rus' and in the Byzantine Empire
1066 Tostig Godwinson an Anglo-Saxon Earl of Northumbria and brother of King Harold Godwinson.
1086 William VIII Duke of Aquitaine duke of Gascony , and then duke of Aquitaine and count of Poitiers between 1058 and 1086, succeeding his brother William VII.
1179 Roger de Bailleul a medieval Benedictine monk, abbot of Bec, and archbishop-elect of Canterbury.
1334 Philip I of Piedmont the lord of Piedmont from 1282 until his death and prince of Achaea between 1301 and 1307. He was the son of Thomas III of Piedmont and Guyonne de Châlon
1392 Sergius of Radonezh a spiritual leader and monastic reformer of medieval Russia. Together with Venerable Seraphim of Sarov, he is one of the Russian Orthodox Church's most highly venerated saints
1396 Jean de Vienne a French knight, general and Admiral of France during the Hundred Years' War.
1396 Jean de Carrouges a fourteenth-century French knight who governed estates in Normandy as a vassal of Count Pierre d'Alençon and served under Admiral Jean de Vienne in several campaigns against the English and the forces of the Ottoman Empire. He became infamous in medieval France for fighting in the last judicial duel permitted by the French king and the Parlement of Paris. The combat was decreed in 1386 to contest charges of rape Carrouges had brought against his neighbour and erstwhile friend Jacques Le Gris on behalf of his wife Marguerite. It was attended by much of the highest French nobility of the time led by King Charles VI and his family, including a number of royal dukes. It was also attended by thousands of ordinary Parisians and in the ensuing decades was chronicled by such notable medieval historians as Jean Froissart, Jean Juvénal des Ursins and Jehan de Waurin
1441 Akamatsu Mitsusuke a Japanese samurai of the Akamatsu clan during the Sengoku Period.
1465 Isabella of Bourbon the second wife of Charles the Bold, Count of Charolais and future Duke of Burgundy. She was a daughter of Charles I, Duke of Bourbon and Agnes of Burgundy, and the mother of Mary of Burgundy, heiress of Burgundy
1491 John II Count of Nevers a French noble.
1496 Piero Capponi an Italian statesman and warrior from Florence.
1506 Philip I of Castile the first member of the house of Habsburg to be King of Castile. The son of Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I, at age 3 Philip inherited the greater part of the Duchy of Burgundy and the Burgundian Netherlands from his mother, Mary, and at 27 briefly succeeded to the Crown of Castile as the husband of Queen Joanna, who was also heiress-presumptive to the Crown of Aragon. He was the first Habsburg monarch in Spain. He never inherited his father's territories, nor became Holy Roman Emperor, because he predeceased his father, but his son Emperor Charles V eventually united the Habsburg, Burgundian, Castilian, and Aragonese inheritances
1534 Pope Clement VII Pope from 19 November 1523 to his death in 1534.
1536 Johannes Secundus a New Latin poet of Dutch nationality.
1544 Valerius Cordus a German physician and botanist who authored one of the greatest pharmacopoeias and one of the most celebrated herbals in history. He is also widely credited with developing a method for synthesizing ether
1550 Georg von Blumenthal a German Prince-Bishop of Ratzeburg and Bishop of Lebus. He also served as a Privy Councillor of the Margraviate of Brandenburg and Chancellor of the University of Frankfurt , commonly called the Viadrina
1561 Şehzade Bayezid an Ottoman prince , who attempted to win the throne of the Ottoman Empire.
1575 Asakura Kagetake a Japanese samurai of the Sengoku era.
1591 Christian I Elector of Saxony Elector of Saxony from 1586 to 1591. He belonged to the Albertine line of the House of Wettin
1593 Henry Stanley 4th Earl of Derby a prominent English nobleman, diplomat, and politician. He was an ambassador, Privy Councillor, and participated in the trials of Mary, Queen of Scots and the Earl of Arundel
1602 Caspar Peucer a German reformer, physician, and scholar of Sorbian origin.
1615 Lady Arbella Stuart a noblewoman who was for some time considered a possible successor to Queen Elizabeth I of England.
1617 Emperor Go-Yōzei the 107th Emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.
1617 Francisco Suárez a Spanish Jesuit priest, philosopher and theologian, one of the leading figures of the School of Salamanca movement, and generally regarded among the greatest scholastics after Thomas Aquinas. His work is considered a turning point in the history of second scholasticism, marking the transition from its Renaissance to its Baroque phases. According to Christopher Shields and Daniel Schwartz, "figures as distinct from one another in place, time, and philosophical orientation as Leibniz, Grotius, Pufendorf, Schopenhauer, and Heidegger, all found reason to cite him as a source of inspiration and influence."
1626 Théophile de Viau a French Baroque poet and dramatist.
1626 Lancelot Andrewes an English bishop and scholar, who held high positions in the Church of England during the reigns of Queen Elizabeth I and King James During the latter's reign, Andrewes served successively as Bishop of Chichester, Ely and Winchester and oversaw the translation of the Authorized Version of the Bible. In the Church of England he is commemorated on 25 September with a Lesser Festival
1628 Magdalene of Bavaria the daughter of William V, Duke of Bavaria and Renata of Lorraine. In 1613 she married Wolfgang William, Count Palatine of Neuburg. Their son was Philip William, Elector Palatine
1630 Ambrogio Spinola 1st Marquis of the Balbases a Genoese aristocrat who served as a Spanish general, winning a number of important battles for the Spanish Crown. He is often called "Ambrosio" by Spanish speaking people and is considered one of the greatest military commanders of his time and in the history of the Spanish army
1665 Archduchess Maria Anna of Austria (1610–1665) Electress of Bavaria as the spouse of Maximilian I, Elector of Bavaria. She also served as Regent of Bavaria during the minority of her son
1680 Samuel Butler (poet) a poet and satirist. He is remembered now chiefly for a long satirical poem entitled Hudibras
1703 Archibald Campbell 1st Duke of Argyll a Scottish peer.
1727 Jakob Abbadie a Protestant divine and writer. He became Dean of Killaloe, in Ireland
1774 John Bradstreet a British Army officer during King Georges War, the French and Indian War, and Pontiac's Rebellion. He was born in Annapolis Royal, Nova Scotia to a British Army Lieutenant and an Acadian mother. He also served as the Commodore-Governor for Newfoundland
1777 Johann Heinrich Lambert a Swiss mathematician, physicist, philosopher and astronomer. He is best known for proving the Irrationality of π
1791 William Bradford (American Revolutionary printer) a printer, soldier, and leader during the American Revolution from Philadelphia.
1792 Adam Gottlob Moltke a Danish courtier, statesman and diplomat, born at Riesenhof in Mecklenburg.
1792 Jacques Cazotte a French author.
1794 Paul Rabaut a French pastor of the Huguenot "Church of the Desert".
1799 Friedrich Freiherr von Hotze a Swiss-born field marshal in the Austrian army during the French Revolutionary Wars, campaigned in the Rhineland during the War of the First Coalition and in Switzerland in the War of the Second Coalition, notably at Battle of Winterthur in late May 1799, and the First Battle of Zürich in early June 1799. He was killed at the Second Battle of Zürich
1808 Richard Porson an English classical scholar. He was the discoverer of Porson's Law; and the Greek typeface Porson was based on his handwriting
1810 József Alvinczi a soldier in the Habsburg Army and a Field Marshal of the Austrian Empire.
1826 Giovanni Battista Brocchi an Italian naturalist, mineralogist and geologist.
1826 Frederica of Baden Queen consort of Sweden from 1797 to 1809. Daughter of Karl Ludwig of Baden and Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt, she was the younger sister of Empress Elisabeth Alexeievna , wife of Tsar Alexander I of Russia
1828 Charlotta Seuerling a blind Swedish concert singer, harpsichordist, composer and poet, known as "The Blind Song-Maiden". She was active in Sweden, Finland and Russia. Her last name is also spelled as Seijerling and Seyerling. Her first name was Charlotta Antoinetta , but in the French fashion of the time, she was often called Antoinette Charlotte. She was the author of the popular song "Sång i en melankolisk stund"
1849 Johann Strauss I an Austrian Romantic composer. He was famous for his waltzes, and he popularized them alongside Joseph Lanner, thereby setting the foundations for his sons to carry on his musical dynasty. His most famous piece is the Radetzky March
1852 Christoph Gudermann born in Vienenburg. He was the son of a school teacher and became a teacher himself after studying at the University of Göttingen, where his advisor was Karl Friedrich Gauss. He began his teaching career in Kleve and then transferred to a school in Münster
1857 Marquis de Custine best known for his travel writing, in particular his account of his visit to Russia in 1839 Empire of the Czar: A Journey Through Eternal Russia. This work documents not only Custine's travels through the Russian empire, but also the social fabric, economy, and way of life during the reign of Nicholas I
1860 Miloš Obrenović I Prince of Serbia Prince of Serbia from 1815 to 1839, and again from 1858 to 1860. He participated in the First Serbian Uprising, led Serbs in the Second Serbian Uprising, and founded the House of Obrenović. Under his rule, Serbia became an autonomous principality within the Ottoman Empire. Prince Miloš ruled autocratically, permanently refusing to share power. During his rule, he was the richest man in Serbia and one of the richest in the Balkans