September 25 events in history

275 In Rome, (after the assassination of Aurelian), the Senate proclaims Marcus Claudius Tacitus Emperor
762 Led by Muhammad al-Nafs al-Zakiyya, the Hasanid branch of the Alids begins the Alid Revolt against the Abbasid Caliphate
1066 The Battle of Stamford Bridge marks the end of the Viking invasions of England
1237 England and Scotland sign the Treaty of York, establishing the location of their common border
1396 Ottoman Emperor Bayezid I defeats a Christian army at the Battle of Nicopolis
1513 Spanish explorer Vasco Núñez de Balboa reaches what would become known as the Pacific Ocean
1555 The Peace of Augsburg is signed in Augsburg by Charles V and the princes of the Schmalkaldic League
1690 Publick Occurrences Both Forreign and Domestick, the first newspaper to appear in the Americas, is published for the first and only time
1775 American Revolutionary War: Ethan Allen surrenders to British forces after attempting to capture Montreal during the Battle of Longue-Pointe. Benedict Arnold and his expeditionary company set off from Fort Western, bound for Quebec City
1789 The United States Congress passes twelve amendments to the United States Constitution: the Congressional Apportionment Amendment (which was never ratified), the Congressional Compensation Amendment, and the ten that are known as the Bill of Rights
1790 Peking opera is born when the Four Great Anhui Troupes introduce Anhui opera to Beijing in honor of the Qianlong Emperor's eightieth birthday
1804 The Teton Sioux (a subdivision of the Lakota) demand one of the boats from the Lewis and Clark Expedition as a toll for allowing the expedition to move further upriver
1846 U.S. forces led by Zachary Taylor capture the Mexican city of Monterrey
1868 The Imperial Russian steam frigate Alexander Nevsky is shipwrecked off Jutland while carrying Grand Duke Alexei of Russia
1890 The United States Congress establishes Sequoia National Park
1906 In the presence of the king and before a great crowd, Leonardo Torres Quevedo successfully demonstrates the invention of the Telekino in the port of Bilbao, guiding a boat from the shore, in what is considered the birth of the remote control
1911 Ground is broken for Fenway Park in Boston
1911 An explosion of badly degraded propellant charges on board the French battleship Liberté detonates the forward ammunition magazines and destroys the ship
1912 Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism is founded in New York City
1915 World War I: The Second Battle of Champagne begins
1926 The international Convention to Suppress the Slave Trade and Slavery is first signed
1929 Jimmy Doolittle performs the first blind flight from Mitchel Field proving that full instrument flying from take off to landing is possible
1937 Second Sino-Japanese War: The Chinese Eighth Route Army gains a minor, but morale-boosting victory in the Battle of Pingxingguan
1942 World War II: Swiss Police Instruction of September 25, 1942 – this instruction denied entry into Switzerland to Jewish refugees
1944 World War II: Surviving elements of the British 1st Airborne Division withdraw from Arnhem in the Netherlands, thus ending the Battle of Arnhem and Operation Market Garden
1955 The Royal Jordanian Air Force is founded
1956 TAT-1, the first submarine transatlantic telephone cable system, is inaugurated
1957 Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas, is integrated by the use of United States Army troops
1959 Solomon Bandaranaike, Prime Minister of Sri Lanka is mortally wounded by a Buddhist monk, Talduwe Somarama, and dies the next day
1962 The People's Democratic Republic of Algeria is formally proclaimed. Ferhat Abbas is elected President of the provisional government
1962 The North Yemen Civil War begins when Abdullah as-Sallal dethrones the newly crowned Imam al-Badr and declares Yemen a republic under his presidency
1963 Lord Denning releases the UK government's official report on the Profumo Affair
1964 The Mozambican War of Independence against Portugal begins
1969 The charter establishing the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation is signed
1970 Cease-fire between Jordan and the Fedayeen ends fighting triggered by four hijackings on September 6 and 9
1972 In a referendum, the people of Norway reject membership of the European Community
1974 The first ulnar collateral ligament replacement surgery (Tommy John surgery) performed, on baseball player Tommy John
1977 About 4,200 people take part in the first running of the Chicago Marathon
1978 PSA Flight 182, a Boeing 727-214, collides in mid-air with a Cessna 172 and crashes in San Diego, killing 144 people
1981 Belize joins the United Nations
1983 Maze Prison escape: 38 republican prisoners, armed with six handguns, hijack a prison meals lorry and smash their way out of the Maze prison. It is the largest prison escape since WWII and in British history
1992 NASA launches the Mars Observer, a $511 million probe to Mars, in the first U.S. mission to the planet in 17 years. Eleven months later, the probe would fail
1996 The last of the Magdalene asylums closes in Ireland
2002 The Vitim event, a possible bolide impact in Siberia, Russia
2003 A magnitude-8.0 earthquake strikes just offshore Hokkaidō, Japan
2008 China launches the spacecraft Shenzhou 7
2009 U.S. President Barack Obama, British Prime Minister Gordon Brown and French President Nicolas Sarkozy, in a joint TV appearance for a G-20 summit, accused Iran of building a secret nuclear enrichment facility