Died on September 26

862 Musa ibn Musa ibn Qasi leader of the muwallad Banu Qasi clan and ruler of a semi-autonomous principality in the upper Ebro valley in northern Iberia in the 9th century.
1241 Fujiwara no Teika a Japanese poet, critic, calligrapher, novelist, anthologist, scribe, and scholar of the late Heian and early Kamakura periods. His influence was enormous, and he is even to this day counted as among the greatest of Japanese poets, and perhaps the greatest master of the waka form – an ancient poetic form consisting of five lines with a total of 31 syllables
1290 Margaret Maid of Norway a Norwegian princess who reigned as Queen of Scots from 1286 until her death. Her death while traveling to Scotland sparked off the disputed succession which led to the Wars of Scottish Independence
1327 Cecco d'Ascoli the popular name of Francesco degli Stabili , a famous Italian encyclopaedist, physician and poet. Cecco is the diminutive of Francesco
1328 Ibn Taymiyyah a Sunni Islamic scholar , Sunni Islamic philosopher, Sunni theologian and logician. He lived during the troubled times of the Mongol invasions. He was a member of the school founded by Ahmad ibn Hanbal, and is considered by his followers, along with Ibn Qudamah, as one of the two most significant proponents of Hanbalism; in the modern era, his adherents often refer to the two as "the two sheikhs" and Ibn Taymiyyah in particular as "Sheikh ul-Islam". Ibn Taymiyyah was notable for having sought the return of Sunni Islam to what he viewed as earlier interpretations of the Qur'an and the Sunnah, and is considered to have had considerable influence in contemporary Wahhabism, Salafism, and Jihadism. He is renowned for his fatwa issued against the Mongol rulers declaring jihad by Muslims against them compulsory, on the grounds that they did not follow Sharia and as such were not Muslim, their claims to have converted to Islam notwithstanding. His teachings had a profound influence on the Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab, and other later Sunni scholars
1345 William II Count of Hainaut William IV of Avesnes, William IV of Holland and William III of Zeeland from 1337 to his death, succeeding his father, William He married Joanna, Duchess of Brabant and Limburg in 1334, but had no issue.
1371 Vukašin Mrnjavčević a Serbian medieval nobleman of the Mrnjavčević family that ruled the modern-day central and northwestern Macedonia from 1365 to 1371.
1371 Uglješa Mrnjavčević a Serbian medieval nobleman of the Mrnjavčević family that served the Serbian Empire. He held the title of despot during the rule of Uroš His brother was magnate Vukašin Mrnjavčević
1413 Stephen III Duke of Bavaria a Duke of Bavaria since 1375. He was the eldest son of Stephen II and Elizabeth of Sicily
1417 Francesco Zabarella an Italian cardinal and canonist.
1464 Benedetto Accolti the Elder an Italian jurist, humanist and historian.
1468 Juan de Torquemada (cardinal) born at Valladolid, and was educated in that city.
1501 Džore Držić a Croatian poet and playwright, one of the fathers of Croatian literature.
1564 Theodore Bibliander a Swiss Orientalist, publisher, and linguist. Born Theodor Buchmann in Bischofszell, he studied Latin under Oswald Myconius, and Greek and Hebrew under Jakob Ceporin, and attended lectures in Basel between 1525–7 given by Johannes Oecolampadius and Konrad Pelikan. He also became familiar with the Arabic language and other languages from the East; he became a professor of theology. He published a Hebrew grammar in 1535, and commentaries on the Bible. He published the first printed edition of the Qur'an in Latin , based on the medieval translation of Robert of Ketton. The edition included Doctrina Machumet, a translation of the Arabic theological tract known as the Book of a Thousand Questions. Considered the father of biblical exegesis in Switzerland, Bibliander became involved in a doctrinal controversy with Pietro Martire Vermigli over predestination; he was removed from his theological professorship in 1560. He died of the plague
1588 Amias Paulet an English diplomat, Governor of Jersey, and the gaoler for a period of Mary, Queen of Scots.
1600 Claude Le Jeune a Franco-Flemish composer of the late Renaissance. He was the primary representative of the musical movement known as musique mesurée, and a significant composer of the "Parisian" chanson, the predominant secular form in France in the latter half of the 16th century. His fame was widespread in Europe, and he ranks as one of the most influential composers of the time
1620 Taichang Emperor the fourteenth emperor of the Ming Dynasty. He was born Zhu Changluo , the eldest son of the Wanli Emperor and succeeded his father as emperor in 1620. However his reign came to an abrupt end less than one month after his coronation when he was found dead one morning in the palace following a bout of diarrhea. He was succeeded by his son Zhu Youxiao, who became the Tianqi Emperor. His era name means "Great goodness" or "Great prosperity"
1626 Wakisaka Yasuharu a daimyo of Awaji Island who fought under a number of warlords over the course of Japan's Sengoku period.
1634 Dorothea of Anhalt-Zerbst a member of the House of Askanier and a princess of Anhalt-Zerbst and by marriage Duchess of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel.
1658 Francisco de Borja y Aragón a Spanish writer, official in the court of King Philip III of Spain, and, from December 18, 1615 to December 31, 1621, viceroy of Peru.
1716 Antoine Parent a French mathematician, born at Paris and died there, who wrote in 1700 on analytical geometry of three dimensions. His works were collected and published in three volumes at Paris in 1713
1722 Pieter van der Werff a Dutch Golden Age painter. He assisted his older brother, Adriaen van der Werff
1763 John Byrom an English poet, the inventor of a revolutionary system of shorthand and later a significant landowner. He is most remembered as the writer of the lyrics of Anglican hymn Christians Awake, salute the happy morn, which was supposedly a Christmas gift for his daughter
1764 Benito Jerónimo Feijóo y Montenegro a Galician monk and scholar who led the Age of Enlightenment in Spain. He was an energetic popularizer noted for encouraging scientific and empirical thought in an effort to debunk myths and superstitions
1793 Jean Baptiste François Pierre Bulliard a French physician and botanist.
1799 Willoughby Bertie 4th Earl of Abingdon an English peer and music patron.
1800 Salawat Yulayev a Bashkir national hero who participated in Pugachev's Rebellion.
1800 William Billings regarded as the first American choral composer.
1802 Jurij Vega a Slovene mathematician, physicist and artillery officer.
1812 Jean Victor Tharreau a General of Division in the Army of the French Empire.
1820 Daniel Boone an American pioneer, explorer, and frontiersman whose frontier exploits made him one of the first folk heroes of the United States. Boone is most famous for his exploration and settlement of what is now Kentucky, which was then part of Virginia but on the other side of the mountains from the settled areas. As a young adult Boone supplemented his farm income by hunting and trapping game, and selling their pelts in the fur market. It was through this occupational interest that Boone first learned the easy routes to the area. Despite some resistance from American Indian tribes such as the Shawnee, in 1775 Boone blazed his Wilderness Road through the Cumberland Gap in the Appalachian Mountains from North Carolina and Tennessee into Kentucky. There he founded the village of Boonesborough, Kentucky, one of the first American settlements west of the Appalachians. Before the end of the 18th century, more than 200,000 European people migrated to Kentucky/Virginia by following the route marked by Boone
1822 Giulio Gabrielli the Younger an Italian Catholic Church's cardinal. He spent most of his career in the Roman Curia
1825 José Bernardo de Tagle y Portocarrero Marquis of Torre Tagle a Peruvian soldier and politician, occupying the Peruvian presidency from 1823 to 1824.
1826 Alexander Gordon Laing a Scottish explorer and the first European to reach Timbuktu via the north/south route.
1839 Richard Edgcumbe 2nd Earl of Mount Edgcumbe a British politician and writer on music.
1846 Thomas Clarkson an English abolitionist, and a leading campaigner against the slave trade in the British Empire. He helped found The Society for Effecting the Abolition of the Slave Trade and helped achieve passage of the Slave Trade Act of 1807, which ended British trade in slaves. In his later years Clarkson campaigned for the abolition of slavery worldwide; it was then concentrated in the Americas. In 1840, he was the key speaker at the Anti-Slavery Society's first conference in London, which campaigned to end slavery in other countries
1866 Carl Jonas Love Almqvist a romantic poet, early feminist, realist, composer, social critic and traveller.
1867 James Ferguson (American astronomer) an American astronomer and engineer born in Scotland who made the first discovery of an asteroid from North America. Starting in 1847, he worked at the U.S. Naval Observatory in Washington, DC
1868 August Ferdinand Möbius a German mathematician and theoretical astronomer.
1873 Roderich Benedix a German dramatist and librettist, born in Leipzig, where he was educated there at Thomasschule.
1873 Salustiano de Olózaga y Almandoz a Spanish politician, diplomat and writer who served as Prime Minister of Spain and was appointed three times ambassador to France.
1877 Hermann Grassmann a German polymath, renowned in his day as a linguist and now also admired as a mathematician. He was also a physicist, neohumanist, general scholar, and publisher. His mathematical work was little noted until he was in his sixties
1879 William Rowan a British Army officer. He served in the Peninsular War and then the Hundred Days, fighting at the Battle of Waterloo and taking part in an important charge led by Sir John Colborne against the Imperial Guard. He later assisted Colborne in Colborne's new role as Acting Governor General of British North America during the rebellions by the Patriote movement in 1837. Rowan returned to Canada as Commander-in-Chief, North America in which role he made an important conciliatory speech in response to the burning of the Parliament Buildings in Montreal by an angry mob in April 1849
1886 Clement Mansfield Ingleby a Shakespearian scholar, perhaps best remembered as John Payne Collier's nemesis.
1899 Kaspar Stanggassinger Blessed Kaspar Stanggassinger C.Ss.R born in 1871 in Berchtesgaden, in southern Germany, the second of 16 children. His father was a farmer who also owned a stone quarry. From a young age, he announced that he would be a priest. He first attended a high school seminary in Freising. In 1890, he entered the major seminary of the diocese of Munich-Freising. On April 2, 1892, he received the tonsure minor orders. That summer, he went on pilgrimage to the Shrine of Our Lady at Altőtting, in southern Germany. There he experienced a strong urge to join the Congregation of the Most Holy Redeemer, the Redemptorists
1899 Ōki Takatō a Japanese statesman during the early Meiji period. He was Governor of Tokyo in 1868 and a member of the Privy Council in 1889
1900 Eduard Albert a Czech surgeon, professor and historian.
1902 Levi Strauss a German-American businessman of German Jewish descent who founded the first company to manufacture blue jeans. His firm, Levi Strauss & Co., began in 1853 in San Francisco, California
1904 Lafcadio Hearn an international writer, known best for his books about Japan, especially his collections of Japanese legends and ghost stories, such as Kwaidan: Stories and Studies of Strange Things. In the United States, Hearn is also known for his writings about the city of New Orleans based on his ten-year stay in that city
1904 John Fitzwilliam Stairs an entrepreneur and statesman, born in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada, a member of the prominent Stairs family of merchants and shippers founded by William Machin Stairs that included the Victorian era explorer, William Grant Stairs.