Born on September 28

616 Javanshir the prince of Caucasian Albania from 637 to 680, hailing from the region of Gardman. His life and deeds were the subject of legends that were recorded in Armenian medieval texts. He was either of Parthian or Persian origin, as the Mihranid family claimed descent from the Sasanian Persians
1057 Otto III Duke of Swabia the margrave of the Nordgau and duke of Swabia. He was the son of Henry of Schweinfurt, margrave of the Nordgau, and Gerberga of Henneberg. He was one of the most powerful East Franconian princes by inheritance: having extensive land in the Radenzgau and Schweinfurt. In 1014, he first appears as count of Lower Altmühl and, in 1024, he inherits his father's march. In 1034, he became count of the Lower Naab. From then on to his appointment to Swabia, he takes part in many imperial expeditions into Bohemia, Hungary, and Poland
1493 Agnolo Firenzuola an Italian poet and litterateur.
1511 Matsudaira Kiyoyasu the 7th lord over the Matsudaira clan during the Sengoku period of Japan. Kiyoyasu was the grandfather of the exceedingly famous unifier of Japan, Tokugawa Ieyasu. Kiyoyasu soon gained control of the whole of the northern region of Mikawa province after the Saigo clan had surrendered after four generations of conflict between the two clans. The Okazaki castle was also built as a monument towards the Matsudaira's power. However, certain hatred began growing within a certain retainer of Kiyoyasu's, a retainer by the name of Abe Masatoyo. During the year of 1535, this certain retainer had somehow sneaked into Kiyoyasu's secret chambers and slew him with his Muramasa blade. After the revolt had been subdued at the battle of Idano, and peace returned to the Matsudaira, Matsudaira Hirotada, father of Ieyasu, would succeed to the throne of power within the Matsudaira clan
1555 Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne Duke of Bouillon a member of the powerful, House of La Tour d'Auvergne, Prince of Sedan and a marshal of France.
1565 Alessandro Tassoni an Italian poet and writer.
1582 Iancu Sasul the bastard son of Petru Rareş from his relationship with the wife of Braşov Transylvanian Saxon Iorg Weiss, and Prince of Moldavia between November 1579 and September 1582.
1597 Justus Sustermans a Flemish painter in the Baroque style. He was born in Antwerp and died in Florence
1605 Ismaël Bullialdus a famous astronomer and mathematician during the seventeenth century. He published several books, and was an active member of the Republic of Letters, a scholarly exchange of ideas during the 17th and 18th centuries. He is most well known for his work in astronomy, and his most famous work is his book titled Astronomia Philolaica
1636 Sophia Dorothea of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg a German noblewoman. The highest title she acquired through marriage was Electress of Brandenburg as the wife of Frederick William, Elector of Brandenburg, the "Great Elector"
1663 Henry FitzRoy 1st Duke of Grafton the illegitimate son of King Charles II by Barbara Villiers, Countess of Castlemaine.
1667 Asano Naganori the daimyo of the Akō Domain in Japan. His title was Takumi no Kami. He is known as the person who triggered a series of incidents retold in a story known as Chūshingura, one of the favourite themes of kabuki, jōruri, and Japanese books and films
1681 Johann Mattheson a German composer, singer, writer, lexicographer, diplomat and music theorist.
1698 Pierre Louis Maupertuis a French mathematician, philosopher and man of letters. He became the Director of the Académie des Sciences, and the first President of the Prussian Academy of Science, at the invitation of Frederick the Great
1705 Henry Fox 1st Baron Holland a leading British politician of the 18th century. He identified primarily with the Whig faction. He notably held the posts of Secretary for War, Southern Secretary and Paymaster of the forces, from which he enriched himself, but while widely tipped as a future Prime Minister, he never held that office. He was the father of Charles James Fox
1705 Johann Peter Kellner a German organist and composer. He was the father of Johann Christoph Kellner
1735 Augustus FitzRoy 3rd Duke of Grafton a British Whig statesman of the Georgian era. He is one of a handful of dukes who have served as Prime Minister
1739 Prince Clemens Wenceslaus of Saxony a German prince from the House of Wettin and the Archbishop-Elector of Trier from 1768 until 1803, the Prince-Bishop of Freising from 1763 until 1768, the Prince-Bishop of Regensburg from 1763 until 1769, and the Prince-Bishop of Augsburg from 1768 until 1812.
1746 William Jones (philologist) an Anglo-Welsh philologist and scholar of ancient India, particularly known for his proposition of the existence of a relationship among Indo-European languages. He, along with Henry Thomas Colebrooke and Nathaniel Halhed, founded the Asiatic Society of Bengal, and started a journal called Asiatick Researches
1765 Frederick Christian II Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg a Danish prince and feudal magnate. He held the island of Als and some other castles in Schleswig
1778 Catherine McAuley an Irish nun, who founded the Sisters of Mercy in 1831. The Order has always been associated with teaching, especially in Ireland, where the nuns taught Catholics at a time when education was mainly reserved for members of the established Church of Ireland
1780 Élie duc Decazes a French statesman, known from 1815 to 1820 as 1st comte Decazes in France, 1st Duke of Glücksbierg in Denmark in 1818, and 1st duc Decazes in France in 1820.
1785 David Walker (abolitionist) outspoken African-American abolitionist and anti-slavery activist. In 1829, while living in Boston, Massachusetts, he published An Appeal to the Coloured Citizens of the World, a call for black unity and self-help in the fight against oppression and injustice
1786 Dmitry Begichev a Russian writer, governor of Voronezh Province, and senator.
1789 Princess Louise Caroline of Hesse-Kassel the consort of Friedrich Wilhelm, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg and the matriarch of the House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, which would eventually become the ruling house of the kingdoms of Denmark, Greece, Norway, and, barring unforeseen circumstances, the United Kingdom.
1793 Denis Auguste Affre an Archbishop of Paris who was killed while trying to negotiate peace during the uprising of the French Revolution of 1848.
1797 Sophie von Knorring a Swedish novelist and noble. She is regarded as a pioneer of the realistic novel in Sweden. Most of her novels are romantic love stories in an aristocratic environment
1797 Fyodor Litke a Russian navigator, geographer, and Arctic explorer. He became a count in 1866, and an admiral in 1855. He was a Corresponding Member , Honorable Member , and President of the Russian Academy of Science in St.Petersburg. He was also an Honorable Member of many other Russian and foreign scientific establishments, and a Corresponding Member of the French Academy of Science in Paris
1798 Bonaventura Genelli a German painter.
1803 Adrian Ludwig Richter born at Dresden, the son of the engraver Karl August Richter, from whom he received his training; but he was strongly influenced by Erhard and Chodowiecki.
1803 Prosper Mérimée a French dramatist, historian, archaeologist, and short story writer. He is perhaps best known for his novella Carmen, which became the basis of Bizet's opera Carmen
1809 Alvan Wentworth Chapman an American physician and pioneering botanist in the study of flora of the American south east.:50 He wrote Flora of the Southern United States, the first comprehensive description of US plants in any region beyond the northeastern states. Allen is a leader in the fields of hierarchy theory, systems theory, and complexity
1811 Friedrich Hecker a German lawyer, politician and revolutionary. He was one of the most popular speakers and agitators of the 1848 Revolution. After moving to the United States, he served as a brigade commander in the Union Army during the American Civil War
1819 Aimé Millet a noted French sculptor, who was born and died in Paris.
1819 Narcís Monturiol i Estarriol a Spanish intellectual, artist and engineer. He was the inventor of the first air independent and combustion engine driven submarine
1821 Jonathan Clarkson Gibbs a Presbyterian minister and a prominent African-American officeholder during Reconstruction. He served as first black Secretary of State and Superintendent of Public Instruction of Florida, and along with Josiah Thomas Walls, was among the most powerful black officeholders in the state during Reconstruction
1823 Alexandre Cabanel a French painter born in Montpellier, Hérault. He painted historical, classical and religious subjects in the academic style. He was also well known as a portrait painter. According to Diccionario Enciclopedico Salvat, Cabanel is the best representative of the L'art pompier and Napoleon III's preferred painter
1824 Francis Turner Palgrave a British critic and poet.
1828 Friedrich Albert Lange a German philosopher and sociologist.
1830 Charles Sillem Lidderdale a British artist whose work often focused on portraits of young women in outdoor settings. Lidderdale exhibited 36 paintings at the Royal Academy between 1856 to 1893
1831 Fran Levstik a Slovene writer, political activist, playwright and critic. he was one of the most prominent exponents of the Young Slovene political movement.
1831 Maximilian Anton Hereditary Prince of Thurn and Taxis the Hereditary Prince of Thurn and Taxis from birth until his death in 1867.
1833 Vladimir Jovanović a Serbian philosopher, political theorist, economist, politician, political writer and activist for the unification of all Serbian lands in the Balkans.
1834 Charles Lamoureux a French conductor and violinist.
1836 Thomas Crapper a plumber who founded Thomas Crapper & Co in London. Contrary to widespread misconceptions, Crapper did not invent the flush toilet. He did, however, do much to increase the popularity of the toilet, and developed some important related inventions, such as the ballcock. He was noted for the quality of his products and received several royal warrants
1840 Rudolf Baumbach a German poet.
1841 Francis P. Fleming an American politician and the 15th Governor of Florida from 1889 to 1893. Fleming was a Democrat, strong supporter of segregation and an opponent of civil rights for blacks. Fleming was a Confederate soldier and lawyer before he became governor
1841 Georges Clemenceau a French statesman who led the nation in the First World War. A leader of the Radical Party, he played a central role in politics during the Third Republic. Clemenceau served as the Prime Minister of France from 1906 to 1909, and again from 1917 to 1920. He was one of the principal architects of the Treaty of Versailles at the France Peace Conference of 1919. Nicknamed "Père la Victoire" or "Le Tigre" , he took a harsh position against defeated Germany, though not quite as much as President Poincaré, and won agreement on Germany's payment of large sums for reparations
1844 Robert Stout the 13th Premier of New Zealand on two occasions in the late 19th century, and later Chief Justice of New Zealand. He was the only person to hold both these offices. He was noted for his support of liberal causes such as women's suffrage, and for his strong belief that philosophy and theory should always triumph over political expediency
1852 Henri Moissan a French chemist who won the 1906 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work in isolating fluorine from its compounds. Moissan was one of the original members of the International Atomic Weights Committee