Died on September 28

935 Wenceslaus I Duke of Bohemia the duke of Bohemia from 921 until his assassination in 935, purportedly in a plot by his own brother, Boleslav the Cruel.
1088 Hermann of Salm a Count of Salm and German anti-king of the Holy Roman Empire who ruled from 1081 until his death. From the 10th century, the rulers of the Holy Roman Empire were elected German kings, who expected to be crowned by the Pope as Holy Roman Emperor
1197 Henry VI Holy Roman Emperor King of Germany from 1190 and Holy Roman Emperor from 1191 until his death. From 1194 he was also King of Sicily
1213 Gertrude of Merania the first wife of King Andrew II of Hungary and thereby Queen consort of Hungary from 1205 until her assassination. She was regent in Hungary during the absence of her spouse
1330 Elizabeth of Bohemia (1292–1330) a princess of the Bohemian Přemyslid dynasty who became queen consort of Bohemia as the first wife of King John the Blind. She was the mother of King of Bohemia and Holy Roman Emperor Charles IV
1381 Taddea Visconti an Italian noblewoman of the Visconti family, the ruling house in Milan from 1277 to 1447. She was the first wife of Stephen III, Duke of Bavaria, and the mother of the French queen Isabeau of Bavaria
1429 Cymburgis of Masovia in January 1412 became the second wife of the Habsburg Duke Ernest the Iron of Austria and thus a Duchess/Archduchess of the Inner Austrian line in Styria, Carinthia and Carniola.
1433 Přemek I Duke of Opava a member of the Opava branch of the Bohemian Přemyslid dynasty. He was Duke of Opava from 1367 until his death and Głubczyce from 1394 until his death
1529 Adolf Clarenbach burnt at the stake in Cologne, died as one of the first Protestant martyrs of the Reformation in the Lower Rhine region in Germany.
1574 Guidobaldo II della Rovere Duke of Urbino an Italian condottiero, who succeeded his father Francesco Maria I della Rovere as Duke of Urbino from 1538 until his death in 1574. He was a member of the House of La Rovere. Guidobaldo was an important patron of the arts in general, and of Titian in particular, commissioning Titian's Venus of Urbino
1579 Márton Rakovszky modern-day Slovakia during the mid 16th century. He used the Rakóczy as pen-name, as the name of the family-estate was called "Rakouch," where the name "Rákóc" derives from
1582 George Buchanan a Scottish historian and humanist scholar. Brown says that Buchanan was "the most profound intellectual sixteenth century Scotland produced." His ideology of resistance to royal usurpation gained widespread acceptance during the Scottish Reformation. Brown says the ease with which King James VII was deposed in 1689 shows the power of Buchananite ideas
1596 Margaret Stanley Countess of Derby the only surviving daughter of Henry Clifford, 2nd Earl of Cumberland and Lady Eleanor Brandon. Her maternal grandparents were Charles Brandon, 1st Duke of Suffolk and Mary Tudor, former queen consort of France. Mary was the third daughter of King Henry VII of England and Elizabeth of York
1606 Nicolaus Taurellus a German philosopher and theologian.
1608 Henri Duke of Joyeuse a General in the French Wars of Religion and a member of the Catholic League, who was became ordained as a Capuchin after the death of his wife, Catherine de La Valette. He was the youngest brother of Anne de Joyeuse and François de Joyeuse
1618 Joshua Sylvester an English poet.
1663 Vasyl Zolotarenko a Ukrainian Cossack colonel of the Nizhyn Regiment. He was the younger brother of Ivan Zolotarenko, and his sister Hanna Zolotarenko married hetman Bohdan Khmelnytsky
1664 Yakym Somko a Ukrainian Cossack military leader of the Pereyaslav regiment and was the Acting Hetman of Left-bank Ukraine in 1660-1663, during The Ruin.
1667 Jacobus Golius a Dutch Orientalist and mathematician. His most important work is the Lexicon Arabico-Latinum, , which, based on the Sihah of Al-Jauhari, was only superseded by the corresponding work of Freytag in 1837
1671 Jean de Montigny a French philosophic writer and poet, elected to the Académie française, but who died in his prime.
1678 Maurizio Cazzati a northern Italian composer of the seventeenth century.
1692 Cornelis Bloemaert a Dutch Golden Age painter and engraver.
1694 Gabriel Mouton a French abbot and scientist. He was a doctor of theology from Lyon, but was also interested in mathematics and astronomy. His 1670 book, the Observationes diametrorum solis et lunae apparentium, proposed a natural standard of length based on the circumference of the Earth, and was decimally divided. It was influential in the adoption of the metric system in 1799
1702 Robert Spencer 2nd Earl of Sunderland an English statesman and nobleman from the Spencer family. His sarcasm and bad temper, and his reputation as a ruthless advocate of absolute monarchy, made him numerous enemies, and he was forced to flee abroad in 1688, but later underwent a political rehabilitation. In his last years he appeared in a somewhat different light as a disinterested adviser to the Crown who neither sought nor wished for office. By the standards of the Restoration Court, his private life was remarkably free from scandal
1735 Peter Artedi known as the "father of Ichthyology.".
1742 Jean Baptiste Massillon Cong. Orat. , was a French Catholic bishop and famous preacher, who served as Bishop of Clermont from 1717 until his death
1757 Andrea Zani an Italian violinist and composer.
1776 Pieter Cramer a wealthy Dutch merchant in linen and Spanish wool, remembered as an entomologist. Cramer was the director of the Zealand Society, a scientific society located in Flushing, and a member of Concordia et Libertate, based in Amsterdam. This literary and patriotic society, where Cramer gave lectures on minerals, commissioned and/or financed the publishing of his book De uitlandsche Kapellen, on foreign butterflies, occurring in three parts of the world Asia, Africa and America
1790 Nikolaus I Prince Esterházy a Hungarian prince, a member of the famous Esterházy family. His building of palaces, extravagant clothing, and taste for opera and other grand musical productions led to his being given the title "the Magnificent". He is remembered as the principal employer of the composer Joseph Haydn
1829 Nikolay Raevsky a Russian general and statesman who achieved fame for his feats of arms during the Napoleonic Wars. His family left a lasting legacy in Russian society and culture
1837 Akbar II the penultimate Mughal emperor of India. He reigned from 1806 to 1837. He was the second son of Shah Alam II and the father of Bahadur Shah II
1844 Pyotr Aleksandrovich Tolstoy a Russian general and statesman.
1848 Count Franz Philipp von Lamberg born in Mór , Hungary. He held the military rank of Feldmarschallleutnant
1851 Prince Wilhelm of Prussia (1783–1851) the son of Frederick William II of Prussia and Frederika Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt.
1859 Carl Ritter a German geographer. Along with Alexander von Humboldt, he is considered one of the founders of modern geography. From 1825 until his death, he occupied the first chair in geography at the University of Berlin
1869 Guglielmo Libri Carucci dalla Sommaja an Italian count and mathematician, who became known for his love and subsequent theft of ancient and precious manuscripts.
1873 Émile Gaboriau a French writer, novelist, and journalist, and a pioneer of detective fiction.
1875 Thomas Ender an Austrian painter.
1881 John Milton Bernhisel an American physician, politician and early member of the Latter Day Saint movement. He was a close friend and companion to both Joseph Smith and Brigham Young. Bernhisel was the original delegate of the Utah Territory in the United States House of Representatives and acted as a member of the Council of Fifty of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
1884 Jacob van Heeckeren tot Enghuizen a Dutch diplomat. He received the title baron of the First French Empire in 1813
1887 James W. Flanagan an American merchant, lawyer, and farmer from Henderson, Texas. He served as the eleventh Lieutenant Governor of Texas in 1869 and 1870, and then represented Texas in the United States Senate from 1870 to 1875
1889 Samuel D. Sturgis an American military officer who served in the Mexican-American War, as a Union general in the American Civil War, and later in the Indian Wars.
1891 Herman Melville an American novelist, writer of short stories, and poet from the American Renaissance period. The bulk of his writings was published between 1846 and 1857. Best known for his whaling novel Moby-Dick , he is also legendary for having been forgotten during the last thirty years of his life. Melville's writing is characteristic for its allusivity. "In Melville's manipulation of his reading", scholar Stanley Williams wrote, "was a transforming power comparable to Shakespeare's"
1891 Princess Ida of Schaumburg-Lippe the consort of Heinrich XXII, Prince Reuss of Greiz from 1872 until her death. She was the mother of Hermine Reuss of Greiz, second wife of Wilhelm II, the last German Emperor
1895 Louis Pasteur a French chemist and microbiologist renowned for his discoveries of the principles of vaccination, microbial fermentation and pasteurization. He is remembered for his remarkable breakthroughs in the causes and preventions of diseases, and his discoveries have saved countless lives ever since. He reduced mortality from puerperal fever, and created the first vaccines for rabies and anthrax. His medical discoveries provided direct support for the germ theory of disease and its application in clinical medicine. He is best known to the general public for his invention of the technique of treating milk and wine to stop bacterial contamination, a process now called pasteurization. He is regarded as one of the three main founders of bacteriology, together with Ferdinand Cohn and Robert Koch, and is popularly known as the "father of microbiology"
1898 Thomas F. Bayard an American lawyer, politician, and diplomat from Wilmington, Delaware. A Democrat, he served three terms as United States Senator from Delaware and made three unsuccessful bids for the Democratic nomination for President of the United States. In 1885, President Grover Cleveland appointed him Secretary of State. After four years in private life, he returned to the diplomatic arena as Ambassador to the United Kingdom
1898 Tan Sitong a well-known Chinese politician, thinker and reformist in the late Qing Dynasty ; he was however, finally executed at the age of 33 when the Reformation Movement failed. He was one of the "Six gentlemen of the Hundred Days' Reform". He occupies a place of tremendous importance in modern Chinese history. To many contemporaries, his execution symbolised the political failure of Qing Dynasty's reformation from within itself and turned the intellectual class to seek violent and hostile means, through revolution, to overthrow the Qing Dynasty
1899 Giovanni Segantini an Italian painter known for his large pastoral landscapes of the Alps. He was one of the most famous artists in Europe in the late 19th century, and his paintings were collected by major museums. In later life he combined a Divisionist painting style with Symbolist images of nature. He was active in Switzerland for most of his life
1903 Henry Demarest Lloyd a 19th-century American progressive political activist and pioneer muckraking journalist. He is best remembered for his exposés of the Standard Oil Company, which were written before Ida Tarbell's series for McClure's Magazine
1907 Frederick I Grand Duke of Baden the sixth Grand Duke of Baden from 1856 to 1907.