Born on September 29

106 Pompey a military and political leader of the late Roman Republic. He came from a wealthy Italian provincial background, and his father had been the first to establish the family among the Roman nobility. Pompey's immense success as a general while still very young enabled him to advance directly to his first consulship without meeting the normal requirements for office. Military success in Sulla's Second Civil War led him to adopt the nickname Magnus, "the Great". He was consul three times and celebrated three triumphs
1163 Sigurd Markusfostre a pretender and rival king during the Civil war era in Norway.
1240 Margaret of England Queen of Scots as the wife of King Alexander III.
1276 Christopher II of Denmark king of Denmark from 1320 to 1326 and again from 1329 until his death. He was son of Eric His name is connected with national disaster, as his rule ended in an almost total dissolution of the Danish state
1305 Henry XIV Duke of Bavaria duke of Lower Bavaria.
1321 John of Artois Count of Eu the son of Robert III of Artois and Jeanne of Valois. The confiscation of his father's goods for attempted fraud in 1331 had left him without an inheritance
1402 Ferdinand the Holy Prince an infante of the Kingdom of Portugal. He was the youngest of the "Illustrious Generation" of 15th-century Portuguese princes of the House of Aviz and was lay administrator of the Knightly Order of Aviz
1460 Louis II de la Trémoille a French general. He served under three kings: Charles VIII, Louis XII, and Francis He was killed in combat at the Battle of Pavia
1509 Michael Servetus a Spanish theologian, physician, cartographer, and Renaissance humanist. He was the first European to correctly describe the function of pulmonary circulation, as discussed in Christianismi Restitutio. He was a polymath versed in many sciences: mathematics, astronomy and meteorology, geography, human anatomy, medicine and pharmacology, as well as jurisprudence, translation, poetry and the scholarly study of the Bible in its original languages. He is renowned in the history of several of these fields, particularly medicine and theology. He participated in the Protestant Reformation, and later developed a nontrinitarian Christology. Condemned by Catholics and Protestants alike, he was arrested in Geneva and burnt at the stake as a heretic by order of the city's Protestant governing council
1538 Joan Terès i Borrull presbyter of Vic, auxiliary bishop of Morocco , bishop of Elne and of Tortosa , and archbishop of Tarragona. He was viceroy of Catalonia and councillor of King Philip III of Spain
1545 Giovanni de' Medici (cardinal) an Italian cardinal.
1547 Miguel de Cervantes a Spanish novelist, poet, and playwright.
1548 William V Duke of Bavaria Duke of Bavaria from 1579 to 1597.
1561 Adriaan van Roomen a Flemish mathematician.
1571 Caravaggio an Italian painter active in Rome, Naples, Malta, and Sicily between 1592 and 1610. His paintings, which combine a realistic observation of the human state, both physical and emotional, with a dramatic use of lighting, had a formative influence on Baroque painting
1574 Ludovic Stewart 2nd Duke of Lennox a Scottish nobleman and politician. He was the son of Esmé Stewart, 1st Duke of Lennox, and his wife, Catherine de Balsac. Ludovic was involved in the Plantation of Ulster in Ireland and the colonization of Maine in New England. Richmond's Island and Cape Richmond, as well as Richmond, Maine , are named for him
1613 Jean François Paul de Gondi a French churchman, writer of memoirs, and agitator in the Fronde.
1618 Michiel Sweerts a Flemish painter of the Baroque period, active in Rome in the style of the Bamboccianti. The Bamboccianti were known for depicting genre scenes of daily life, but Sweerts's contributions to this genre display greater stylistic mastery and social-philosophical sensitivity than many of his colleagues in this "school." Highly successful in Rome during his years there, Sweerts's reputation suffered a severe collapse not long after his death, lasting centuries; but thanks especially to the 2002 international monographic exhibition devoted entirely to him, Michael Sweerts: 1618–1664, he has begun once again to enjoy the esteem his work clearly merits
1636 Thomas Tenison an English church leader, Archbishop of Canterbury from 1694 until his death. During his primacy, he crowned two British monarchs
1639 William Russell Lord Russell an English politician. He was a leading member of the Country Party, forerunners of the Whigs, who laid the groundwork opposition in the House of Commons of England to the concept of a reign of an openly Catholic King during the reign of King Charles II but ultimately resulted in his execution for treason, almost two years before King Charles died and James acceded to the throne
1640 Antoine Coysevox born at Lyon, and belonged to a family which had emigrated from Spain. The name should be pronounced quazevo
1657 Heinrich of Saxe-Weissenfels Count of Barby a German prince of the House of Wettin and count of Barby.
1674 Jacques-Martin Hotteterre a French composer and flautist. Jacques-Martin Hotteterre was the most celebrated of a family of wind instrument makers and wind performers
1678 Adrien Maurice de Noailles a French aristocrat and soldier.
1680 Princess Luise Dorothea of Prussia the daughter of Frederick I, First King in Prussia by his first wife Elisabeth Henriette of Hesse-Kassel. She was the Hereditary Princess of Hesse-Kassel by marriage but died in childbirth
1680 Christian Friedrich Hunold a German author who wrote under the pseudonym Menantes.
1686 Cosmas Damian Asam a German painter and architect during the late Baroque period. Born in Benediktbeuern, he moved to Rome in 1711 to study at the Accademia di San Luca with Carlo Maratta. There, he could see the fresco Ascent of Christ by Melozzo da Forlì in the Basilica Santi Apostoli. Melozzo's innovative techniques of foreshortening influenced Asam's works. In 1713 Asam won the Academy's first prize for his drawing of Miracle of Saint Pio. He worked with his brother Egid Quirin and their joint projects are often attributed to the "Asam Brothers". These include the Asam Church in Munich and Innsbruck Cathedral. Cosmas Damian died in Munich
1703 François Boucher a French painter in the Rococo style. Boucher is known for his idyllic and voluptuous paintings on classical themes, decorative allegories, and pastoral scenes. He was perhaps the most celebrated painter and decorative artist of the 18th century. He also painted several portraits of his patroness, Madame de Pompadour
1704 Johann Friedrich Cartheuser a German physician and naturalist.
1718 Nikita Ivanovich Panin an influential Russian statesman and political mentor to Catherine the Great for the first 18 years of her reign. In that role, he advocated the Northern Alliance, closer ties with Frederick the Great of Prussia and the establishment of an advisory privy council. His staunch opposition to the partitions of Poland led to his being replaced by the more compliant Prince Bezborodko
1726 August Nathanael Grischow * 29th. September 1726 in Berlin; † 4th. June 1760 in Saint Petersburg was a German mathematician and astronomer
1747 Józef Wybicki a Polish jurist, poet, political and military activist. He is best remembered as the author of Mazurek Dąbrowskiego , which in 1927 was adopted as the Polish national anthem
1753 Johann Gottfried Schicht a German composer and conductor.
1758 Horatio Nelson 1st Viscount Nelson a British flag officer in the Royal Navy. He was noted for his inspirational leadership and superb grasp of strategy and unconventional tactics, which resulted in a number of decisive naval victories, particularly during the Napoleonic Wars. He was wounded several times in combat, losing one arm in the unsuccessful attempt to conquer Santa Cruz de Tenerife and the sight in one eye in Corsica. He was shot and killed during his final victory at the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805
1765 Karl Ludwig Harding a German astronomer notable for having discovered the asteroid 3 Juno.
1766 Charlotte Princess Royal Queen of Württemberg as the wife of King Frederick. She was the eldest daughter of King George III of the United Kingdom
1786 Guadalupe Victoria a Mexican politician and military officer who fought for independence against the Spanish Empire in the Mexican War of Independence. He was a deputy in the Mexican Chamber of Deputies for Durango and a member of the Supreme Executive Power. He also served as the first president of Mexico
1789 Peter Joseph Lenné a Prussian gardener and landscape architect from Bonn who worked in the German classicist style.
1792 Isaac Bernays chief rabbi in Hamburg.
1803 Gregor von Helmersen a Baltic German geologist.
1803 Jacques Charles François Sturm a French mathematician.
1803 Mercator Cooper credited with the first formal American visit to Tokyo, Japan and the first formal landing on the mainland East Antarctica.
1805 Christian Ernst Bernhard Morgenstern a German landscape painter. Morgenstern is regarded as one of the pioneers in Germany of early Realism in painting. He gained this reputation in Hamburg 1826-1829 together with his contemporary Adolph Friedrich Vollmer while both were still studying; from 1830 onwards, Morgenstern, together with Friedrich Wasmann, Johan Christian Dahl and Adolph Menzel, introduced Munich to Realist painting
1806 Friedrich Feuerbach a German philologist and philosopher. In the 1840s he played an important role disseminating materialist and atheist philosophy
1808 Henry Bennett (U.S. politician) an American politician and a United States Representative from New York.
1810 Elizabeth Gaskell a British novelist and short story writer during the Victorian era. Her novels offer a detailed portrait of the lives of many strata of society, including the very poor, and are of interest to social historians as well as lovers of literature. Gaskell was also the first to write a biography of Charlotte Bronte, The Life of Charlotte Bronte, which was published in 1857
1810 Alpheus S. Williams a lawyer, judge, journalist, U.S. Congressman, and a Union general in the American Civil War
1815 Andreas Achenbach a German landscape painter, associated with the Düsseldorf school of painting.
1816 Paul Féval père a French novelist and dramatist.
1817 Aleksandr Sukhovo-Kobylin a Russian nobleman, chiefly known for the works he authored as an amateur playwright. His sister Evgenia Tur was a popular novelist, critic and journalist