Died on September 29

48 Pompey a military and political leader of the late Roman Republic. He came from a wealthy Italian provincial background, and his father had been the first to establish the family among the Roman nobility. Pompey's immense success as a general while still very young enabled him to advance directly to his first consulship without meeting the normal requirements for office. Military success in Sulla's Second Civil War led him to adopt the nickname Magnus, "the Great". He was consul three times and celebrated three triumphs
722 Leudwinus Saint Leudwinus, Count of Treves founded an abbey in Mettlach. He was Archbishop of Treves and Laon. His feast day is September 23. He is the patron saint of Mettlach parish and his relics are carried by procession at the annual Pentecost celebration through the town
855 Lothair I the Emperor of the Romans , co-ruling with his father until 840, and the King of Bavaria , Italy and Middle Francia. The territory of Lorraine is named after him
866 Charles the Child the King of Aquitaine from October 855 until his death in 866. If his father, Charles the Bald, and great grandfather, Charlemagne, are counted as rulers of Aquitaine, he would be numbered Charles III
1186 William of Tyre a medieval prelate and chronicler. As archbishop of Tyre, he is sometimes known as William II to distinguish him from a predecessor, William of Malines. He grew up in Jerusalem at the height of the Kingdom of Jerusalem, which had been established in 1099 after the First Crusade, and he spent twenty years studying the liberal arts and canon law in the universities of Europe
1227 Conrad of Urach a Cistercian monk and abbot, and Cardinal Bishop of Porto and Santa Rufina; he declined the papacy.
1268 John of Burgundy (1231–68) a Count of Charolais and Lord of Bourbon. He was a younger son of Duke Hugh IV of Burgundy and his wife, Yolande of Dreux
1298 Guido I da Montefeltro an Italian military strategist and lord of Urbino. He became a monk late in life, and was condemned by Dante Alighieri in his Divine Comedy for giving false or fraudulent counsel
1304 John de Warenne 6th Earl of Surrey a prominent English nobleman and military commander during the reigns of Henry III of England and Edward I of England. During the Second Barons' War he switched sides twice, ending up in support of the king, for whose capture he was present at Lewes in 1264. Warenne was later appointed a Guardian of Scotland and featured prominently in Edward I's wars in Scotland
1355 Matteo II Visconti co-ruler of Milan together with his brothers Galeazzo II and Bernabò.
1358 Casimir I Duke of Cieszyn Duke of Cieszyn from 1315, Duke of Siewierz from 1337 and Duke of Bytom from 1357.
1360 Joan I Countess of Auvergne the daughter of William XII, Count of Auvergne and Boulogne, by his wife, Margaret, a sister of Philip III of Navarre. She was Queen of France by her marriage to King John She inherited the counties of Auvergne and Boulogne after the death of her father
1364 Charles I Duke of Brittany Blois claimed the title Duke of Brittany, from 1341 to his death.
1372 Jan I the Scholastic a Duke of Oświęcim from 1324 until his death.
1530 Andrea del Sarto an Italian painter from Florence, whose career flourished during the High Renaissance and early Mannerism. Though highly regarded during his lifetime as an artist senza errori , his renown was eclipsed after his death by that of his contemporaries, Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, and Raphael
1537 Jürgen Wullenwever burgomaster of Lübeck from 1533 to 1535, a period of religious, political and trade turmoil.
1555 Kara Ahmed Pasha an Ottoman statesman of Albanian origin. He was Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire between 1553 and 1555
1560 Gustav I of Sweden King of Sweden from 1523 until his death, previously self-recognised Protector of the Realm from 1521, during the ongoing Swedish War of Liberation against King Christian II of Denmark, Norway and Sweden. Initially of low standing, Gustav rose to lead the rebel movement following the Stockholm Bloodbath, in which his father perished. Gustav's election as King on 6 June 1523 and his triumphant entry into Stockholm eleven days later meant the end of Medieval Sweden's elective monarchy as well as the Kalmar Union. This created a hereditary monarchy under the House of Vasa and its successors, including the current House of Bernadotte
1581 Andreas Musculus a German Lutheran theologian. The name Musculus is a Latinized form of Meusel
1637 Lorenzo Ruiz the first Filipino saint venerated in the Roman Catholic Church; he is thus the protomartyr of the Philippines. He had gone to Japan with three missionaries and was killed for refusing to renounce his Roman Catholic beliefs during the persecution of Japanese Christians under the Tokugawa Shogunate in the 17th century
1642 William Stanley 6th Earl of Derby an English nobleman. Stanley inherited a prominent social position that was both dangerous and unstable, as his mother was heir to Queen Elizabeth I under the Third Succession Act, a position inherited in 1596 by his deceased brother's oldest daughter, Anne, two years after William had inherited the Earldom from his brother. After a period of European travel in his youth, a long legal battle eventually consolidated his social position. Nevertheless, he was careful to remain circumspect in national politics, devoting himself to administration and cultural projects, including playwriting
1642 René Goupil S.J. was a French Jesuit lay missionary, who became a lay brother of the Society of Jesus shortly before his death. He was the first of the North American Martyrs of the Roman Catholic Church to receive the crown of martyrdom and the first canonized Catholic martyr in North America
1674 Gerbrand van den Eeckhout a Dutch Golden Age painter and a favourite student of Rembrandt. He was also an etcher, an amateur poet, a collector and an adviser on art
1694 Katarzyna Sobieska the sister of King of Poland Jan III Sobieski and a noble lady. She married Władysław Dominik Zasławski in 1650. She was later married to Michał Kazimierz Radziwiłł on June 13, 1658
1703 Charles de Saint-Évremond a French soldier, hedonist, essayist and literary critic. After 1661, he lived in exile, mainly in England, as a consequence of his attack on French policy at the time of the peace of the Pyrenees. He is buried in Poets' Corner, Westminster. He wrote for his friends and did not intend his work to be published, although a few of his pieces were leaked in his lifetime. The first full collection of his works was published in London in 1705, after his death
1800 Michael Denis an Austrian poet, bibliographer, and lepidopterist.
1802 August Batsch a German naturalist. He was a recognised authority on mushrooms, and also described new species of ferns, bryophytes, and seed plants
1804 Michael Hillegas the first Treasurer of the United States.
1808 Paul Wranitzky a Moravian classical composer. His half brother, Antonín, was also a composer
1809 Charles-François Dupuis a French savant, a professor of rhetoric at the Collège de Lisieux, Paris, who studied for the law in his spare time and was received as avocat in 1770. He also ventured into the field of mathematics and served on the committee that developed the French Republican Calendar. Along with Constantin François Chassebœuf de Volney Dupuis was known for developing the Christ myth theory, which argued that Christianity was an amalgamation of various ancient mythologies and that Jesus was a mythical character
1833 Ferdinand VII of Spain twice King of Spain: in 1808 and again from 1813 to his death. He was known to his supporters as "the Desired" and to his detractors as the "Felon King". After being overthrown by Napoleon in 1808 he linked his monarchy to counter-revolution and reactionary policies that produced a deep rift in Spain between his forces on the right and liberals on the left. He reestablished the absolutist monarchy and rejected the liberal constitution of 1812. He suppressed the liberal press 1814-33 and jailed many of its editors and writers. Spain plunged into civil war on his death. His reputation among historians is very low. Historian Stanley Payne says:
1834 Frederick Duke of Saxe-Altenburg duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen and duke of Saxe-Altenburg.
1837 Eustache-Hyacinthe Langlois a celebrated French painter, draftsman, engraver and writer. He became known as the "Norman Callot". He taught both his daughter Espérance Langlois and his son Polyclès Langlois and they often assisted him with drawings and engravings
1838 Pierre-Dominique Bazaine a French scientist and engineer. He was educated at the École polytechnique in Paris as an engineer. At the request of Alexander I of Russia he was sent to Russia by Napoleon I as an army officer in the engineering corps to set up an institute for the education of transportation engineers, and in 1824 he became its director. Bazaine remained in Russia until 1834, organizing transportation routes and directing the work of inland navigation. He was responsible for many of the bridges of Petersburg and its outskirts , as well as other major civil engineering projects, including flood protection. He received many Honours and Awards for his extensive contribution to the infrastructure of Russia, as well as Honorary Fellowship of a number of science academies across Europe for his ground-breaking mathematical theses. He finally returned to France in 1834 and died in Paris aged 52 in 1838
1839 Friedrich Mohs a German geologist/mineralogist.
1851 Alexis Guignard comte de Saint-Priest a French diplomat, historian, and Peer of France. He was the eleventh member elected to occupy seat 4 of the Académie française in 1849
1854 Jacques Leroy de Saint Arnaud a French soldier and Marshal of France. He served as French Minister of War until the Crimean War when he became Commander-in-chief of the army of the East
1855 Camille Roqueplan a French romantic painter of landscapes, historical subjects, and genre scenes, and a lithographer. He was born Camille-Joseph-Étienne Roqueplan in Mallemort, Bouches-du-Rhône, and died in Paris. He studied in Paris with Antoine-Jean Gros and Alexandre Abel de Pujol and became a student at the École des Beaux-Arts in February 1818
1860 Tokugawa Nariaki a prominent Japanese daimyo who ruled the Mito domain and contributed to the rise of nationalism and the Meiji restoration.
1861 Abel de Pujol a French painter. He was a student of David and his own students included Alexandre-Gabriel Decamps and Emile Levy. He painted the ceiling of the grand-staircase at the Louvre as well as the galerie de Diane at Fontainebleau and the ceiling of the Bourse de Paris. A member of the Institut de France, he was an officer of the légion d'honneur
1862 William "Bull" Nelson one of four Union Army officers from Kentucky who rose to the rank of Major General out of the total of sixty-seven who served in the American Civil War. Ebenezer Hannaford served in the 6th Ohio Infantry under Nelson and he wrote “no commander during the war enjoyed the confidence of his troops in a greater degree than did Nelson at the head of the Fourth Division Army of the Ohio, which might almost be said to have been his own creation.” Those men had no love for the harsh ways of “Big Buster,” but they genuinely valued his willingness to openly chastise officers who shirked their responsibilities. That later trait caused a fellow general officer Jefferson Davis to shoot and kill the unarmed Nelson and this has routinely overshadowed the contributions that both men made to the Union cause in the American Civil War
1867 Sterling Price a lawyer, planter, and politician from the U.S. state of Missouri, who served as the 11th Governor of the state from 1853 to 1857. He also served as a United States Army brigadier general during the Mexican-American War, and a Confederate Army major general in the American Civil War. Price is best known for his victories in New Mexico and Chihuahua during the Mexican conflict, and for his losses at the Battles of Pea Ridge and Westport during the Civil War–the latter being the culmination of his ill-fated Missouri Campaign of 1864. Following the war, Price took his remaining troops to Mexico rather than surrender, unsuccessfully seeking service with the Emperor Maximillian there. He ultimately returned to Missouri, where he died in poverty and was buried in Louis
1875 Jean-Baptiste Singelée a Belgian classical composer of the romantic period.
1882 Princess Maria Pia of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (1849–1882) a Princess of Bourbon-Two Sicilies and titular Duchess consort of Parma as wife to Robert I, Duke of Parma. Maria Pia was the daughter of King Ferdinand II of the Two Sicilies and his wife Maria Theresa of Austria. Maria Pia was forced into exile along with the rest of her family after the unification of Italy in 1861
1883 Victor-Auguste-Isidor Deschamps a Belgian Archbishop of Mechlin, Cardinal and Primate of Belgium.
1887 Bernhard von Langenbeck a German surgeon known as the developer of Langenbeck's amputation and founder of Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery.
1888 Iulia Hasdeu a Romanian poet, the daughter of writer and philologist Bogdan Petriceicu Hasdeu. Despite dying young of tuberculosis at the age of 18, Iulia made many significant achievements. She wrote poems and prose, taught herself foreign languages and studied piano and canto. She was the first Romanian woman to study at La Sorbonne University in Paris. In her honour, her father built the controversial Iulia Hasdeu Castle in Câmpina, Romania. By the time she was 8 she had already written a study on Mihai Viteazu, graduated primary school and knew French, English and German. At 11 she graduated middle-school on the first place at
1889 Eugène Flandin Jean-Baptiste Eugène Napoléon Flandin , French orientalist, painter, archaeologist, and politician. Flandin’s archeological drawings and some of his military paintings are valued more highly by museum authorities than his purely artistic paintings. He is most renowned for his famous drawings and paintings of Persian monuments, landscapes, and social life made during his travels with the architect Pascal Coste during the years 1839-41. Flandin’s observations on the state of Persia and international politics in the mid-19th century also continue to provide important documentary information
1889 Louis Faidherbe a French general and colonial administrator. He created the Senegalese Tirailleurs when he was governor of Senegal
1890 Vakhtang Orbeliani a Georgian Romanticist poet and soldier in the Imperial Russian service, of the noble House of Orbeliani.