Born on September 3

818 Hildebold the Bishop of Cologne from 787 until 795 and the first Archbishop of Cologne thereafter.
1032 Emperor Go-Sanjō the 71st emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.
1226 Mugaku Sogen a prominent Zen Buddhist monk of the 13th century in Japan, an emigre from Song Dynasty China. He was adviser to Japan's most powerful ruler of the day, the regent of the Shogun Hōjō Tokimune. He founded the Zen temple Engaku-ji in Kamakura, one of Japan's five most important Zen temples
1499 Diane de Poitiers a French noblewoman and a prominent courtier at the courts of kings Francis I and his son, Henry II of France. She became notorious as the latter's favourite. It was in this capacity that she wielded much influence and power at the French Court, which continued until Henry was mortally wounded in a tournament accident, during which his lance wore her favour rather than his wife's
1513 Gearóid Mór FitzGerald 8th Earl of Kildare Ireland's premier peer. He served as Lord Deputy of Ireland from 1477 to 1494, and from 1496 onwards. His power was so great that he was called "the uncrowned King of Ireland"
1568 Adriano Banchieri an Italian composer, music theorist, organist and poet of the late Renaissance and early Baroque eras. He founded the Accademia dei Floridi in Bologna
1611 Toussaint Rose a French court secretary to Cardinal Mazarin and Louis XIV of France.
1629 Cornelis Tromp a Dutch naval officer. He was the son of Lieutenant Admiral Maarten Tromp. He became Lieutenant Admiral General in the Dutch Navy and briefly Admiral General in the Danish Navy. He fought in the first three Anglo-Dutch Wars and in the Scanian War
1643 Lorenzo Bellini Italian physician and anatomist.
1675 Paul Dudley (jurist) the son of colonial governor Joseph Dudley and grandson of one of the colony's founders, Thomas Dudley. Paul was born in Roxbury, Massachusetts
1678 Francis Godolphin 2nd Earl of Godolphin a British politician, styled Viscount Rialton between 1706 and 1712.
1693 Charles Radclyffe titular 5th Earl of Derwentwater, who claimed the title Fifth Earl of Derwentwater. He was the youngest son of Edward Radclyffe, 2nd Earl of Derwentwater and Lady Mary Tudor
1695 Pietro Locatelli an Italian Baroque composer and violinist.
1704 Joseph de Jussieu a French botanist and explorer, member of the Jussieu family. He introduced the common garden heliotrope to European gardeners
1707 Johann Peter Süssmilch a German priest, statistician and demographer.
1710 Abraham Trembley a Swiss naturalist. He is best known for being the first to study freshwater polyps or hydra and for being among the first to develop experimental zoology. His mastery of experimental method has led some historians of science to credit him as the "father of biology"
1724 Guy Carleton 1st Baron Dorchester an Anglo-Irish soldier and administrator. He twice served as Governor of the Province of Quebec, from 1768 to 1778, concurrently serving as Governor General of British North America in that time, and again from 1785 to 1795. The title Baron Dorchester was created on 21 August 1786
1728 Matthew Boulton an English manufacturer and business partner of Scottish engineer James Watt. In the final quarter of the 18th century, the partnership installed hundreds of Boulton & Watt steam engines, which were a great advance on the state of the art, making possible the mechanisation of factories and mills. Boulton applied modern techniques to the minting of coins, striking millions of pieces for Britain and other countries, and supplying the Royal Mint with up-to-date equipment
1731 Stanisław Bohusz Siestrzeńcewicz a Belarusian who became the first bishop of the Metropolitan Archdiocese of Mohilev, an Archbishop from 1784 and a prominent member of the Russian Academy , who had earlier converted from Calvinism.
1734 Joseph Wright of Derby None
1744 Ernst Ferdinand Klein a German jurist and prominent representative of the Berlin Enlightenment.
1744 Henri Admirat a notable figure in the French Revolution. He was executed on the guillotine for attempting to assassinate Jean-Marie Collot d'Herbois
1750 Jacques-François Menou a French statesman of the French Revolution and general of the French Revolutionary Wars.
1757 Karl August Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach a Duke of Saxe-Weimar and of Saxe-Eisenach from 1758, Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach from its creation in 1809, and Grand Duke from 1815 until his death. He is noted for the intellectual brilliance of his court
1760 Philemon Wright a farmer and entrepreneur who founded Wrightstown, the first permanent settlement in the National Capital Region of Canada. Wrightstown later became incorporated in 1875 and renamed Hull, Quebec, and then in 2002, as a result of a municipal amalgamation, it acquired its present name of the City of Gatineau
1761 François Hanriot a French leader and street orator of the Revolution. He played a vital role in the Insurrection and subsequently the fall of the Girondins
1766 Jean Charles Dominique de Lacretelle a French historian and journalist.
1773 Aleksander Antoni Sapieha a Polish nobleman, miecznik of the Duchy of Warsaw, naturalist, traveler, politician, chamberlain and adjutant of Emperor Napoleon I.
1780 Heinrich Christian Schumacher a German-Danish astronomer.
1781 Eugène de Beauharnais the first child and only son of Alexandre de Beauharnais and Joséphine Tascher de la Pagerie, future wife of Napoleon I.
1782 Christian Ludwig Nitzsch a German zoologist. He is best remembered for his approach to classifying birds on the basis of their feather tract distributions or pterylosis of their young
1801 Christian Erich Hermann von Meyer a German palaeontologist. He was awarded the 1858 Wollaston medal by the Geological Society of London
1803 Aleksander Gurilyov a composer, pianist and music teacher who largely enriched the traditional romantic Russian repertoire through his solid technical accomplishments. He composed well over two hundred musical pieces imbued with romantic, sentimental moods and subtle lyricism which enjoyed great success in Russia. His numerous morceaux in his dramatic declamatory style, pre-date the creative works of Dargomyzhsky, Mussorgsky and Tchaikovsky
1804 Mykhaylo Maksymovych a famous Ukrainian naturalist, historian and writer.
1810 Prince Ferdinand Philippe Duke of Orléans the eldest son of Louis Philippe d'Orléans, Duke of Orléans and future King Louis Philippe Born in exile in his mother's native Sicily, he was their heir to the House of Orléans from birth. Following his father's succession as King of the French in 1830, he became the Prince Royal and subsequently Duke of Orléans , the title by which he is best known. Dying in 1842, he never succeeded his father nor saw the collapse of the July Monarchy and subsequent exile of his family to England
1810 Paul Kane an Irish-born Canadian painter, famous for his paintings of First Nations peoples in the Canadian West and other Native Americans in the Oregon Country.
1811 John Humphrey Noyes an American preacher, radical religious philosopher, and utopian socialist. He founded the Putney, Oneida, and Wallingford Communities and is credited for having coined the term "free love"
1813 Aloys Sprenger an Austrian orientalist.
1813 József Eötvös a Hungarian writer and statesman, the son of Ignacz baron Eötvös de Vásárosnamény and Anna von Lilien, who stemmed from an Erbsälzer family of Werl in Germany.
1814 James Joseph Sylvester an English mathematician. He made fundamental contributions to matrix theory, invariant theory, number theory, partition theory and combinatorics. He played a leadership role in American mathematics in the later half of the 19th century as a professor at the Johns Hopkins University and as founder of the American Journal of Mathematics. At his death, he was professor at Oxford
1820 George Hearst a wealthy American businessman and United States Senator, and the father of newspaperman William Randolph Hearst.
1822 Stefano Ussi an Italian painter, known first for his history paintings, and later for depicting Orientalist, mostly Arabian and Moroccan subjects.
1827 John Drew (actor) an Irish-American stage actor and theatre manager.
1828 Władysław Łuszczkiewicz a Polish historical painter of the late Romantic era from Kraków, active in the period of the foreign partitions of Poland. He was a professor at the Academy of Fine Arts and served as its principal in 1893/95. One of his best students was Jan Matejko, the eminent Polish historical painter and later, his close associate. Łuszczkiewicz taught painting, drawing, anatomy and architectural styles. Highly educated, he also worked as conservator of architectural monuments in the city later on in his career, and wrote historical dissertations
1828 Konrad Grob a Swiss painter. He was born in Andelfingen in the Canton of Zurich and learned lithography in the 1840s in Winterthur. He travelled to Italy, where he worked in Verona and Naples. He later studied painting at the Academy of Arts in Munich, where he opened his own atelier and where he died in 1904
1829 Anton Gindely a Bohemian historian, a son of an Hungarian German father and a Czech mother, born in Prague.
1829 Adolf Eugen Fick a German-born physician and physiologist.
1831 Henry L. Mitchell an American lawyer, judge, and politician. He served as the 16th Governor of Florida
1836 Sylvester Sembratovych the Metropolitan Archbishop of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church from 1885 until his death in 1898 and a Cardinal of the Catholic Church.
1837 John Ernst Worrell Keely a US inventor from Philadelphia who claimed to have discovered a new motive power which was originally described as "vaporic" or "etheric" force, and later as an unnamed force based on "vibratory sympathy", by which he produced "interatomic ether" from water and air. Despite numerous requests from the stockholders of the Keely Motor Company, which had been established to produce a practicable motor based on his work, he consistently refused to reveal to them the principles on which his motor operated, and also repeatedly refused demands to produce a marketable product by claiming that he needed to perform more experiments