Died on September 3

264 Sun Xiu the third emperor of the state of Eastern Wu during the Three Kingdoms period.
863 Umar al-Aqta the semi-independent Arab emir of Malatya from the 830s until his death in the Battle of Lalakaon on September 3, 863. During this time, he was one of the greatest enemies of the Byzantine Empire on its eastern frontier, and became a prominent figure in later Arabic and Turkish epic literature
1120 Gerard Thom accredited as the founder of the Knights Hospitaller which is currently divided into the Military and Hospitaller Order of Lazarus of Jerusalem, the Order of the Knights of John of Jerusalem and the Order of Malta, as well as numerous other groups who trace their descent and/or inspiration to the original Hospitaller's order.
1328 Castruccio Castracani an Italian condottiero and duke of Lucca.
1354 Joanikije II the Serbian Archbishop and first Serbian Patriarch. He was elected Metropolitan of Peć and Archbishop of Serbs on January 3, 1338. Prior to his election, he served as a logotet, royal chancellor, to the Kingdom of Serbia. He was elevated to Patriarch on Palm Sunday, April 6, 1346, done in order for Joanikije to coronate King Stefan Uroš IV Dušan as Emperor on Easter of 1346 with the approval of the Patriarch of Trnovo, Archbishop of Ohrid, and community of Mount Athos. Joanikije continued a tradition of church building, and built, among others, two churches in the Holy Land: the Church of Elias on Mount Carmel and the Church of Nicholas on Mount Tabor. Joanikije died on September 3, 1354, which is his feast day. He was buried in the Peć Monastery
1402 Gian Galeazzo Visconti the first Duke of Milan and ruled the late-medieval city just before the dawn of the Renaissance. He was the great founding patron of the Certosa di Pavia, completing the Visconti Castle at Pavia begun by his father and furthering work on the Duomo of Milan
1419 Edmund Stafford the second son of Sir Richard Stafford of Clifton and Isabel Vernon, daughter of Sir Richard Vernon of Haddon. He became the Bishop of Exeter
1420 Robert Stewart Duke of Albany a member of the Scottish royal house, served as Regent to three different Scottish monarchs. He also held the titles of Earl of Menteith , Earl of Fife , Earl of Buchan and Earl of Atholl , in addition to his 1398 creation as Duke of Albany. A ruthless politician, Albany was widely regarded as having caused the murder of his nephew, the Duke of Rothesay, and brother to the future King James I of Scotland. James was held in captivity in England for eighteen years, during which time Albany served as Regent in Scotland, king in all but name. He died in 1420 and was succeeded by his son, Murdoch Stewart, Duke of Albany, who would be executed for treason when James returned to Scotland in 1425, almost causing the complete ruin of the Albany Stewarts
1467 Eleanor of Portugal Holy Roman Empress Empress of the Holy Roman Empire. A Portuguese infanta , daughter of King Edward of Portugal and his wife Leonor of Aragon, she was the consort of Holy Roman Emperor, Frederick III, and the mother of Emperor Maximilian I
1515 Andreas Stöberl a German humanist astronomer, mathematician, and theologian working mainly at the University of Vienna.
1546 Peter IV Rareș twice voievod of Moldavia: 20 January 1527 to 18 September 1538 and 19 February 1541 to 3 September 1546. He was an illegitimate child born to Ștefan cel Mare. His mother was Maria Răreșoaia of Hârlău, whose existence is not historically documented but who is said to have been the wife of a wealthy boyar fish-merchant nicknamed Rareș "rare-haired". Rareș thus was not Petru’s actual name but a nickname of his mother’s husband
1564 Julius von Pflug the last Catholic bishop of the Diocese of Naumburg from 1542 until his death. He was one of the most significant reformers involved with the Protestant Reformation
1592 Robert Greene (dramatist) an English author popular in his day, and now best known for a posthumous pamphlet attributed to him, Greenes, Groats-worth of Witte, bought with a million of Repentance, widely believed to contain an attack on William Shakespeare. He is said to have been born in Norwich. He attended Cambridge, receiving a BA in 1580, and an M.A. in 1583 before moving to London, where he arguably became the first professional author in England. Greene published in many genres including romances, plays and autobiography
1597 Jakobea of Baden daughter of the Margrave Philibert of Baden-Baden and Mechthild of Bavaria. She has been compared with Mary Stuart, because both met a violent death in the framework of a religious conflict
1617 Giovanni Bassano an Italian Venetian School composer and cornettist of the late Renaissance and early Baroque eras. He was a key figure in the development of the instrumental ensemble at Mark's basilica, and left a detailed book on instrumental ornamentation, which is a rich resource for research in contemporary performance practice. It was Bassano who was most responsible for the performance of the music of Giovanni Gabrieli, who would emerge as one of the most renowned members of the Venetian School
1634 Edward Coke considered to be the greatest jurist of the Elizabethan and Jacobean eras. Born into a middle-class family, Coke was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge before leaving to study at the Inner Temple, where he was called to the Bar on 20 April 1578. As a barrister he took part in several notable cases, including Slade's Case, before earning enough political favour to be elected to Parliament, where he served first as Solicitor General and then as Speaker of the House of Commons. Following a promotion to Attorney General he led the prosecution in several notable cases, including those against Robert Devereux, Sir Walter Raleigh and the Gunpowder Plot conspirators. As a reward for his services he was first knighted and then made Chief Justice of the Common Pleas
1642 Countess Elisabeth of Nassau the second daughter of prince William of Orange and his third spouse Charlotte of Bourbon. She was Duchess of Bouillon by marriage
1651 Giovanni Giacomo Panciroli an Italian Catholic Cardinal and Cardinal Secretary of State.
1651 Kösem Sultan one of the most powerful women in Ottoman history. Favourite consort and later wife of Ottoman Sultan Ahmed I , she achieved power and influenced the politics of the Ottoman Empire through her husband Sultan Ahmed I , then through her sons Murad IV and Ibrahim , and finally through her minor grandson Mehmed She was Valide Sultan from 1623 to 1648, when her sons Murad IV and Ibrahim reigned as Ottoman sultans. She was a prominent figure during the Sultanate of Women. She was official regent twice and was thereby one of two women to have been formal regents of the Ottoman Empire
1653 Claudius Salmasius the Latin name of Claude Saumaise , a French classical scholar.
1658 Oliver Cromwell an English military and political leader and later Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland.
1667 Alonzo Cano a Spanish painter, architect and sculptor born in Granada.
1669 Esteban Manuel de Villegas a 17th-century Spanish poet.
1711 Élisabeth Sophie Chéron remembered today primarily as a French painter, but she was acclaimed in her lifetime as a gifted poet, musician, artist, and academicienne.
1714 Pietro Antonio Fiocco an Italian Baroque composer.
1720 Henri de Massue Earl of Galway a French Huguenot soldier and diplomat who was influential in the English service in the Nine Years' War and the War of the Spanish Succession.
1729 Jean Hardouin born at Quimper in Brittany.
1730 Nicholas Mavrocordatos a Greek member of the Mavrocordatos family, Grand Dragoman to the Divan , and consequently the first Phanariote Hospodar of the Danubian Principalities - Prince of Moldavia, and Prince of Wallachia. He was succeeded as Grand Dragoman by his son John Mavrocordato , who was for a short while hospodar in both Wallachia and Moldavia
1734 Margrave Christian Ludwig of Brandenburg-Schwedt a Margrave of Brandenburg and a military officer of Brandenburg-Prussia's Hohenzollern dynasty. The title "Margrave of Brandenburg" was given to princes of the Prussian Royal House and did not express a territorial or allodial status. He is best known as the recipient of Johann Sebastian Bach's Brandenburg concertos
1747 Princess Christine Louise of Oettingen-Oettingen Duchess of Brunswick-Lüneburg and the maternal grandmother of Empress Maria Theresa, Queen Elisabeth Christine of Prussia, Queen Juliane Marie of Denmark and Tsar Peter II of Russia. She was also the maternal great-grand mother of the Queen of France Marie Antoinette and Emperor Ivan VI of Russia and the great-great-grand mother of Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
1766 Archibald Bower a Scottish historian, now noted for his complicated and varying religious faith, and the accounts he gave of it, now considered by scholars to lack credibility.
1792 Princess Marie Louise of Savoy a member of a cadet branch of the House of Savoy. She was married at the age of 17 to Louis Alexandre de Bourbon-Penthièvre, Prince de Lamballe, the heir to the greatest fortune in France. After her marriage, which lasted a year, she went to court and became the confidante of Queen Marie Antoinette. She was killed in the massacres of September 1792 during the French Revolution
1802 Antoine Richepanse a French revolutionary general and colonial administrator.
1808 John Montgomery (delegate) an Irish-American merchant from Carlisle, Pennsylvania. He was a delegate to the Continental Congress for Pennsylvania from 1782 until 1784
1816 Friedrich Ludwig Schröder a German actor, manager and dramatist.
1816 Liborio Mejía a Colombian colonel and politician during the struggle for Independence from Spain, and in 1816 Liborio Mejía became president of the United Provinces of the New Granada making him the youngest person to ever hold the presidency of Colombia at the age of 24. He was executed three months later during the Reconquista led by the Spaniard Pablo Morillo
1820 Benjamin Henry Latrobe best known for his design of the United States Capitol, on "Capitol Hill" in Washington, D.C., along with his additional later work on the Old Baltimore Cathedral/The Baltimore Basilica. The first Roman Catholic Cathedral constructed in the United States, was built on "Cathedral Hill" along Cathedral Street, between West Franklin and West Mulberry Streets in the future Mount Vernon-Belvedere neighborhood, then known as "Howard's Woods", a part of the country estate of "Belvidere" of American Revolutionary War hero and commander of the famed "Maryland Line" regiments of the Continental Army, Col. John Eager Howard, , who owned and donated much of the land north of Baltimore Town. The new Catholic Cathedral site was north of and overlooking the city's downtown business district and the "harbor basin" of the Patapsco River. In addition, Latrobe also designed the largest structure in America at the time, the "Merchants' Exchange", an H-shaped, three-story structure between East Lombard, South Gay, German , Second, and Water Streets which contained offices and wings for the Federal government - , numerous maritime businesses, shippers and law firms, along with some city government offices , and miscellaneous meeting and classrooms. With extensive balconied atriums through the wings and a large central rotunda under a low dome which dominated the city and was completed in 1820 after five years of work following the War of 1812 and endured into the early 20th Century, when it was replaced by the current U.S. Custom House, completed 1904-1905. Latrobe was one of the first formally trained, professional architects in the new United States, drawing influences from his travels in Italy, as well as British and French Neoclassical architects such as Claude Nicolas Ledoux
1836 Daniel Mendoza an English prizefighter, who was boxing champion of England in 1792–1795.
1841 Thomas Buchanan (Governor of Liberia) the second governor of Liberia and a cousin of James Buchanan, President of the United States. He came to Liberia as the envoy of the American Colonization Society in the 1830s. He worked first as an administrator in Grand Bassa, which later had its capital named Buchanan in his honor. In 1839, Buchanan was sent to Monrovia, where he became the second governor of Liberia after the death of Jehudi Ashmun. He served from April 1, 1839 until his death on September 3, 1841
1849 Ernst Baron von Feuchtersleben an Austrian physician, poet and philosopher.
1854 Christoph von Schmid a writer of children's stories and an educator. His stories were very popular and translated into many languages. His best known work in the English-speaking world is The Basket of Flowers
1856 Honório Hermeto Carneiro Leão Marquis of Paraná a politician, diplomat, judge and monarchist of the Empire of Brazil. Paraná was born to a family of humble means in São Carlos do Jacuí, in what was then the captaincy of Minas Gerais. After attending the University of Coimbra in Portugal and having returned to Brazil, Paraná was appointed a judge in 1826 and later elevated to appellate court justice. In 1830, he was elected to represent Minas Gerais in the Chamber of Deputies; he was re-elected in 1834 and 1838, and held the post until 1841
1857 John McLoughlin a Chief Factor and Superintendent of the Columbia District of the Hudson's Bay Company at Fort Vancouver from 1824 to 1845. He was later known as the "Father of Oregon" for his role in assisting the American cause in the Oregon Country in the Pacific Northwest. In the late 1840s his general store in Oregon City was famous as the last stop on the Oregon Trail
1858 George Tyler Wood an American military officer and politician who served as the second Governor of Texas.
1860 Martin Rathke a German embryologist and anatomist. Along with Karl Ernst von Baer and Christian Heinrich Pander, he is recognized as one of the founders of modern embryology. He was the father of chemist Bernhard Rathke
1862 Honinbo Shusaku a Japanese, professional Go player from the 19th century. He is known for his undefeated streak of 19-games during the annual castle games; thirty-game match with Ota Yuzo; lead innovator of the eponymous Shusaku opening for Black; post-death ascension to one of the Go Sages; and next to his teacher, Honinbo Shuwa, considered to have been the strongest player from 1847/8 to his death in 1862. He was nicknamed Invincible Shusaku because of his castle games performance
1866 Dmitry Karakozov the first Russian revolutionary to make an attempt on the life of a tsar.
1866 Konstantin Flavitsky a Russian painter.
1872 Anders Sandøe Ørsted (botanist) a Danish botanist, mycologist, zoologist and marine biologist. He was the nephew of physicist H.C. Ørsted and of politician Anders Sandøe Ørsted
1874 Hans Conon von der Gabelentz a German linguistic researcher and authority on the Manchu language. He was prime minister of the Duchy of Saxe-Altenburg from 1848 to 1849