Died on September 30

420 Jerome an Illyrian Latin Christian priest, confessor, theologian and historian, who also became a Doctor of the Church. He was the son of Eusebius, of the city of Stridon, on the border of Dalmatia and Pannonia. He is best known for his translation of the Bible into Latin , and his commentaries on the Gospel of the Hebrews. His list of writings is extensive
653 Honorius of Canterbury a member of the Gregorian mission to Christianize the Anglo-Saxons from their native Anglo-Saxon paganism in 597 AD who later became Archbishop of Canterbury. During his archiepiscopate, he consecrated the first native English bishop of Rochester as well as helping the missionary efforts of Felix among the East Anglians. Honorious was the last to die among the Gregorian missionaries
954 Louis IV of France called d'Outremer or Transmarinus , reigned as King of Western Francia from 936 to 954. He was a member of the Carolingian dynasty, the son of Charles III and Eadgifu, a daughter of King Edward the Elder
1057 Leofric Earl of Mercia the Earl of Mercia. He founded monasteries at Coventry and Much Wenlock. Leofric is most remembered as the husband of Lady Godiva. He died at Kings Bromley in Staffordshire of old age
1246 Yaroslav II of Vladimir the Grand Prince of Vladimir who helped to restore his country and capital after the Mongol invasion of Russia.
1267 John Count of Chalon a French nobleman, the Count of Auxonne and Chalon-sur-Saône in his own right and regent of the County of Burgundy in right of his son, Hugh III.
1288 Leszek II the Black one of the High Dukes of the fragmented Kingdom of Poland. He ruled from 1279 to 1288, and was married to Gryfina of Halych. The marriage remained childless
1440 Reginald Grey 3rd Baron Grey de Ruthyn a powerful Welsh marcher lord, succeeded to the title on his father Reginald's death in July 1388.
1487 John Sutton 1st Baron Dudley an English nobleman. A diplomat and councillor of Henry VI, he fought in several battles during the Hundred Years War and the Wars of the Roses, and acted as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland 1428–1430
1551 Ōuchi Yoshitaka a daimyo of Suō Province and a son of Ōuchi Yoshioki.
1560 Melchior Cano a Spanish Scholastic theologian.
1572 Francis Borgia 4th Duke of Gandía a Grandee of Spain, a Spanish Jesuit, and third Superior General of the Society of Jesus. He was canonized on 20 June 1670 by Pope Clement X
1581 Hubert Languet a French diplomat and reformer. The leading idea of his diplomacy was that of religious and civil liberty for the protection and expansion of Protestantism. He did everything in his power to advance the union of the Protestant churches
1602 Catherine of Brandenburg-Küstrin a Margravine of Brandenburg-Küstrin by birth and Electress of Brandenburg by marriage.
1617 Charlotte de Sauve a French noblewoman and a mistress of King Henry of Navarre, who later ruled as King Henry IV of France. She was a member of Queen Mother Catherine de' Medici's notorious "Flying Squadron" , a group of beautiful female spies and informants recruited to seduce important men at Court, and thereby extract information to pass on to the Queen Mother
1626 Nurhaci an important Jurchen chieftain who rose to prominence in the late sixteenth century in Manchuria. Nurhaci was part of the Aisin Gioro clan, and reigned from 1616 to his death in September 1626
1627 Tianqi Emperor the 15th emperor of the Ming dynasty from 1620 to 1627. Born Zhu Youxiao, he was the Taichang Emperor's eldest son. His era name means "Heavenly opening"
1628 Fulke Greville 1st Baron Brooke an Elizabethan poet, dramatist, and statesman who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1581 and 1621, when he was raised to the peerage.
1635 Kanō Sanraku a Japanese painter also known as Kimura Heizō , Shūri, Mitsuyori, and Sanraku. Sanraku's works combine the forceful quality of Momoyama work with the tranquil depiction of nature, and they have a more refined use of color typical of the Edo period
1640 Charles Duke of Guise the son of Henry I, Duke of Guise and Catherine of Cleves.
1659 Giovanni Pesaro the 103rd Doge of Venice, reigning from his election on April 8, 1658 until his death. The Cretan War was ongoing for the entirety of his brief reign
1680 Johann Grueber an Austrian Jesuit missionary and astronomer in China, and noted explorer.
1755 Francesco Durante a Neapolitan composer.
1758 Alberico Archinto an Italian cardinal and papal diplomat.
1762 Jacques Daviel a French ophthalmologist credited with originating the first significant advance in cataract surgery since couching was invented in ancient India. Daviel performed the first extracapsular cataract extraction on April 8, 1747
1770 George Whitefield an English Anglican preacher who helped spread the Great Awakening in Britain, and especially in the American colonies.
1770 Thomas Robinson 1st Baron Grantham a British diplomatist and politician.
1781 Jean-Baptiste Le Prince an important French etcher and painter. Le Prince first studied painting techniques in his native Metz. He then travelled to Paris around 1750 and became a leading student of the great painter, François Boucher. Le Prince's early paintings in both theme and style are comparable to his master's rococo techniques
1785 Johann Jakob Moser a German jurist, publicist and researcher, whose work earned him the title "The Father of German Constitutional Law" and whose political commitment to the principles of Liberalism caused him to lose academic positions and spend years as a political prisoner.
1788 Matthäus Günther an important German painter and artist of the Baroque and Rococo era.
1802 Mikhail Kozlovsky a Russian Neoclassical sculptor active during the Age of Enlightenment.
1811 Thomas Percy (bishop of Dromore) Bishop of Dromore, County Down, Ireland. Before being made bishop, he was chaplain to George III. Percy's greatest contribution is considered to be his Reliques of Ancient English Poetry , the first of the great ballad collections, which was the one work most responsible for the ballad revival in English poetry that was a significant part of the Romantic movement
1819 Nicolas Roze a French composer and musicologist.
1827 Ellis H. Roberts a United States Representative from New York and 20th Treasurer of the United States.
1827 Wilhelm Müller a German lyric poet.
1839 Joseph François Michaud a French historian and publicist.
1843 Richard Harlan an American naturalist, zoologist, herpetologist, physicist, and paleontologist. He was the author of Fauna Americana and American Herpetology
1846 Wilhelm Adolf Becker a German classical scholar.
1854 Józef Chłopicki a Polish general who was involved in fighting in Europe at the time of Napoleon and later.
1860 Vincenzo Macchi an Italian Cardinal.
1862 Isaac P. Rodman a Rhode Island banker and politician, and a Union Army brigadier general in the American Civil War, mortally wounded at the Battle of Antietam.
1865 Dudley Costello an Anglo-Irish soldier, journalist and novelist.
1872 Jakob Alt a German painter and lithographer.
1879 Joseph Sokolsky the first Bulgarian clergyman to convert to Catholicism and a pioneer of the Bulgarian Uniat Church. He was the founder of Sokolski monastery, near Gabrovo, Bulgaria. Sokolsky negotiated with Vatican a formal union due to Greek influences within Bulgarian Orthodoxy and gained Catholic recognition 1861 when Pope Pius IX named himself bishop to Bulgarians of the Byzantine rite, being soon accepted by Ottoman Empire. Sokolsky was imprisoned in a Ukrainian monastery for eighteen years, died under mysterious circumstances
1886 Franz Adam a German painter, chiefly of military subjects, born and active for much of his life in Italy.
1886 Max Pressler a German forester noted for his inventions and writing.
1888 Catherine Eddowes one of the victims in the Whitechapel murders. She was the second person killed in the early hours of Sunday 30 September 1888, a night which already had seen the murder of Elizabeth Stride less than an hour earlier. These two murders are commonly referred to as the "double event" and have been attributed to the mysterious serial killer known as Jack the Ripper
1888 Elizabeth Stride believed to be the third victim of the notorious unidentified serial killer called Jack the Ripper, who killed and mutilated prostitutes in the Whitechapel area of London from late August to early November 1888.
1891 Georges Ernest Boulanger a French general and politician who seemed at the apogee of his popularity in January 1889 to pose the threat of a coup d'état and the establishment of a dictatorship. With his base of support in working districts of Paris and other cities, he promoted an aggressive nationalism aimed against Germany. The elections of September 1889 marked a decisive defeat for the Boulangists. They were defeated by the changes in the electoral laws that prevented Boulanger from running in multiple constituencies, by the government's aggressive opposition, and by the absence of the General himself, for he was in self-imposed exile to be with his mistress. The fall of Boulanger severely undermined the political strength of the conservative and royalist elements in France; they would not recover strength until 1940. Mayeur and Rebérioux attribute the failure of the movement to Boulanger's own weaknesses. Despite his charisma, he lacked coolness, consistency, and decisiveness; he was a mediocre leader who lacked vision and courage. He was never able to unite the disparate elements, ranging from the far left to the far right, that comprised his constituency. He did, however, frighten the Republican element, and force it to reorganize and strengthen its solidarity in opposition to him
1892 Hector-Jonathan Crémieux a French librettist and playwright. His best-known work is his collaboration with Ludovic Halévy for Jacques Offenbach's Orphée aux Enfers, known in English as Orpheus in the Underworld