Died on September 5

88 Vasil Mzhavanadze the First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Georgian SSR from September 1953 to September 28, 1972 and a member of the CPSU's Politburo from June 29, 1957 to December 18, 1972. Dismissed after a corruption scandal, he was replaced by Eduard Shevardnadze
590 Authari king of the Lombards from 584 to his death. After his father, Cleph, died in 574, the Lombardic nobility refused to appoint a successor, resulting in ten years interregnum known as the Rule of the Dukes
1071 Al-Khatib al-Baghdadi a Sunni Muslim scholar and historian.
1075 Anne of Kiev the Ruthenian queen consort of Henry I of France from 1051 to 1060, and regent for her son, Philip I of France. Her parents were Yaroslav the Wise, Grand Prince of Kyiv and Novgorod, and Ingegerd Olofsdotter of Sweden, his second wife. Anne founded Vincent Abbey in Senlis
1128 Ranulf Flambard a medieval Norman Bishop of Durham and an influential government minister of King William Rufus of England. Ranulf was the son of a priest of Bayeux, Normandy, and his nickname Flambard means incendiary or torch-bearer, and may have referred to his personality. He started his career under King William I of England, probably in the compilation of the Domesday Book, as well as being the keeper of the king's seal. On the death of William I, Ranulf chose to serve the new king of England, William Rufus
1165 Emperor Nijō the 78th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. His reign spanned the years from 1158 through 1165
1201 Constance Duchess of Brittany Duchess of Brittany and Countess of Richmond between 1166 and 1201. Constance was the only surviving child of Duke Conan IV by his wife, Margaret of Huntingdon, a sister of the Scottish kings Malcolm IV and William I
1235 Henry I Duke of Brabant named "The Courageous", Duke of Brabant and Duke of Lower Lotharingia until his death.
1336 Charles d'Évreux the son of Louis, Count of Évreux and Margaret of Artois.
1481 John I Duke of Cleves Duke of Cleves and Count of Mark.
1548 Catherine Parr Queen of England from 1543 until 1547, as the last of the six wives of King Henry VIII. She married him on 12 July 1543, and outlived him. She was also the most-married English queen, with four husbands, and the first English queen to be titled "Queen of Ireland"
1569 Bernardo Tasso an Italian courtier and poet.
1575 Federico Commandino an Italian humanist and mathematician.
1607 Pomponne de Bellièvre a French statesman, chancellor of France.
1629 Domenico Allegri an Italian composer and singer of the early Baroque Roman School. He was the second son of the Milanese coachman Costantino Allegri, who lived in Rome with his family, and was a younger brother of the more famous Gregorio Allegri. Costantino sent three sons, Gregorio, Domenico and Bartolomeo, to study music at San Luigi dei Francesi, under the maestro di capella Giovanni Bernardino Nanino, brother of Giovanni Maria Nanino. The little boy had as schoolmate his elder brother Gregorio and then Antonio Cifra, Domenico Massenzio and Paolo Agostini
1659 Pieter de Carpentier a Dutch, or Flemish, administrator of the Dutch East India Company who served as Governor-General there from 1623 to 1627. The Gulf of Carpentaria in northern Australia is named after him
1677 Henry Oldenburg a German theologian known as a diplomat and a natural philosopher. He was one of the foremost intelligencers of Europe of the seventeenth century, with a network of correspondents to rival those of Fabri de Peiresc, Marin Mersenne and Ismaël Boulliau. At the foundation of the Royal Society he took on the task of foreign correspondence, as the first Secretary
1734 Nicolas Bernier a French composer.
1759 Lauritz de Thurah a Danish architect and architectural writer. He became the most important Danish architect of the late baroque period. As an architectural writer and historian he made a priceless contribution to the understanding of both Denmark's architectural heritage and building construction in his day
1765 Anne Claude de Caylus born at Paris.
1782 John Field (composer) an Irish pianist, composer, and teacher. He was born in Dublin into a musical family, and received his early education there. The Fields soon moved to London, where Field studied under Muzio Clementi. Under his tutelage, Field quickly became a famous and sought-after concert pianist; together, master and pupil visited Paris, Vienna, and Petersburg. Ambiguity surrounds Field's decision to remain in the Russian capital, but it is likely that Field acted as a sales representative for the Clementi Pianos
1786 Jonas Hanway born at Portsmouth, on the south coast of England.
1803 François Devienne a French composer and professor for flute at the Paris Conservatory.
1803 Pierre Choderlos de Laclos a French novelist, official and army general, best known for writing the epistolary novel Les Liaisons Dangereuses.
1829 Pierre Antoine Noël Bruno comte Daru a French soldier, statesman, historian, and poet. The French generally refer to him as Pierre Daru
1832 Johann Gottfried Langermann a German psychiatrist and administrator born in Maxen, near Dresden.
1836 Ferdinand Raimund an Austrian actor and dramatist.
1837 James Ruse a Cornish farmer who, at the age of 23, was convicted of breaking and entering and was sentenced to seven years' transportation to Australia. He arrived at Sydney Cove on the First Fleet with 18 months of his sentence remaining. Ruse applied to Governor Arthur Phillip for a land grant, stating that he had been bred to farming. Governor Phillip, desperate to make the colony self-sufficient, allocated Ruse an allotment at Rose Hill , where he proved himself industrious and showed that it was possible for a family to survive through farming. Having done this, Ruse received a grant of 30 acres , enabling him eventually to sell 600 bushels of maize. This was the very first grant of land in New South Wales. Ruse later exchanged the grant for more fertile land on the Hawkesbury River. In later life, having been almost bankrupted from his farm by flooding, Ruse found work as a seaman and later as a landowner's overseer
1838 Charles Percier a neoclassical French architect, interior decorator and designer, who worked in a close partnership with Pierre François Léonard Fontaine, originally his friend from student days. For work undertaken from 1794 onward, trying to ascribe conceptions or details to one or other of them is fruitless; it is impossible to disentangle their cooperative efforts in this fashion. Together, Percier and Fontaine were inventors and major proponents of the rich, grand, consciously-archaeological versions of neoclassicism we recognise as Directoire style and Empire style
1846 Charles Metcalfe 1st Baron Metcalfe a British colonial administrator. He held appointments including acting Governor-General of India, Governor of Jamaica and Governor General of the Province of Canada
1848 Vasily Stasov a Russian architect.
1848 Mohammad Shah Qajar king of Persia from the Qajar dynasty.
1854 Robert M. Patterson a professor of mathematics, chemistry and natural philosophy at the University of Pennsylvania and professor of natural philosophy at the University of Virginia. He also served as director of the US Mint and as President of the American Philosophical Society
1857 Auguste Comte a French philosopher. He was a founder of the discipline of sociology and of the doctrine of positivism. He is sometimes regarded as the first philosopher of science in the modern sense of the term
1858 Moritz Gottlieb Saphir an Austrian satirical writer and journalist.
1866 Jules Dupuit an Italian-born French civil engineer and economist.
1867 Prince William of Hesse-Kassel son of Prince Frederick of Hesse-Kassel and Princess Caroline of Nassau-Usingen.
1876 Manuel Blanco Encalada a Vice-Admiral in the Chilean Navy, a political figure, and Chile's first President.
1877 Crazy Horse a Native American war leader of the Oglala Lakota. He took up arms against the U.S. Federal government to fight against encroachments on the territories and way of life of the Lakota people, including leading a war party to victory at the Battle of the Little Bighorn in June 1876
1879 Camille Doncieux the first wife of French painter Claude Monet. She was the subject of a number of paintings by Monet, as well as Pierre-Auguste Renoir and Édouard Manet. She was mother to two sons by Monet
1880 Princess Helene of Hohenlohe-Langenburg a member of the House of Hohenlohe-Langenburg and a Princess of Hohenlohe-Langenburg by birth and a member of the House of Württemberg and a Duchess of Württemberg as the second wife of Duke Eugen of Württemberg.
1885 Zuo Zongtang a Chinese statesman and military leader in the late Qing Dynasty.
1891 Jules-Élie Delaunay a French academic painter.
1892 Henry Christian Timm a German-born American pianist, conductor, and composer.
1894 George Stoneman a United States Army cavalry officer, trained at West Point, where his room-mate was the future "Stonewall" Jackson. In the Civil War, he became Adjutant to McClellan, who did not appreciate the use of centralised cavalry, and was therefore outperformed by the Confederates, who did
1897 Samuel Lodge The Rev. Samuel Lodge was the author of Scrivelsby, the Home of the Champions He was a headmaster of Horncastle Grammar School, Lincolnshire, rector for 30 years of Scrivelsby in Lincolnshire, and a Canon of Lincoln Cathedral
1898 Sarah Emma Edmonds known for serving as a man with the Union Army during the American Civil War. A master of disguise, Edmonds exploits were described in the bestselling Nurse and Spy in the Union Army. In 1992, she was inducted into the Michigan Women's Hall of Fame
1900 Daniel Theron born in Tulbagh, Cape Colony, and raised in Bethlehem, Orange Free State. He is best known as the driving force behind the formation of a military bicycle corps used by the Boer Army for scouting and relaying messages. Originally trained as a school teacher, he became a lawyer and notary with his own law firm in Krugersdorp, Transvaal Republic, and was made a Captain in the Boer Army when the Second Boer War began. During the war, he was put in charge of a significant scouting unit, the Theron se Verkenningskorps. He fought at the Battle of Paardeberg and one of his most famous feats occurred at the Battle of Spion Kop. The British Commander in Chief, Lord Roberts, called Theron: "the hardest thorn in the flesh of the British advance", put a reward of £1,000 on his head - dead or alive, and dispatched 4,000 soldiers to find and eliminate the TVK
1901 Ignacij Klemenčič a Carniolan physicist of Slovene descent.
1902 Rudolf Virchow a German doctor, anthropologist, pathologist, prehistorian, biologist, writer, editor, and politician, known for his advancement of public health. He is known as "the father of modern pathology" because his work helped to discredit humourism, bringing more science to medicine. He is also considered one of the founders of social medicine and veterinary pathology