Born on September 6

823 Gondulphus of Metz the Bishop of Metz from 816 until his death.
1431 Demetrios Laskaris Leontares an important Byzantine statesman and military leader of the early 15th century, serving under the emperors Manuel II Palaiologos and John VIII Palaiologos.
1475 Sebastiano Serlio an Italian Mannerist architect, who was part of the Italian team building the Palace of Fontainebleau. Serlio helped canonize the classical orders of architecture in his influential treatise variously known as I sette libri dell'architettura or Tutte l'opere d'architettura et prospetiva
1535 Emanuel van Meteren a Flemish historian and Consul for "the Traders of the Low Countries" in London. He was born in Antwerp, the son of Sir Jacobus van Meteren, Dutch financier and publisher of early English versions of the Bible, and Orrilia Ortellius, of the famous Ortellius family of mapmakers, and nephew of the cartographer Abraham Ortelius
1610 Francesco I d'Este Duke of Modena Duke of Modena and Reggio from 1629 until his death. The eldest son of Alfonso III d'Este, he became reigning duke after his father's abdication
1620 Isabella Leonarda an Italian composer from Novara. At the age of 16, she entered the Collegio di Sant'Orsola, an Ursuline convent, where she stayed for the remainder of her life. Leonarda is most renowned for the numerous compositions that she created during her time at the convent, making her one of the most productive woman composers of her time
1633 Sebastian Knüpfer a German composer. He was the cantor of the Thomanerchor in Leipzig from 1657 to 1676, and director of the city’s music
1643 François-Joseph de Beaupoil de Sainte-Aulaire a French poet and army officer.
1644 Juan Bautista Cabanilles a Spanish organist and composer at Valencia Cathedral. He is considered by many to have been the greatest Spanish Baroque composer, and has been called the Spanish Bach
1649 Louise de Kérouaille Duchess of Portsmouth a mistress of Charles II of England. Through her son by Charles II, Charles Lennox, 1st Duke of Richmond, she is ancestress of both wives of Prince Charles: Diana, Princess of Wales, and Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall
1656 Guillaume Dubois a French cardinal and statesman.
1688 Laurence Eusden an English poet who became Poet Laureate in 1718.
1711 Henry Muhlenberg a German Lutheran pastor sent to North America as a missionary, requested by Pennsylvania colonists.
1722 Christian IV Count Palatine of Zweibrücken Duke of Zweibrücken from 1735 to 1775. He was the son of Christian III, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken and Caroline of Nassau-Saarbrücken
1728 Christian Braunmann Tullin a Norwegian businessman and poet, born in Christiania. He was city manager for Christiania from 1763, and was also Chairman for the Board of Customs and Excise. He was regarded as one of Denmark-Norway's most important poetic talents by his contemporaries
1729 Moses Mendelssohn indebted.
1732 Johan Wilcke a Swedish physicist.
1747 Louis Alexandre Prince of Lamballe the son and heir of Louis Jean Marie de Bourbon, grandson of Louis XIV by the king's legitimised son, Louis Alexandre de Bourbon. He was known as the Prince of Lamballe from birth. He pre-deceased his father, and died childless
1757 Gilbert du Motier Marquis de Lafayette a French aristocrat and military officer who fought for the United States in the American Revolutionary War, and was a close friend of George Washington. Lafayette was a key figure in the French Revolution of 1789 and the July Revolution of 1830
1757 August Friedrich Ernst Langbein a German humor writer.
1758 Pierre-Augustin Hulin a French general under Napoleon Bonaparte who took part in the storming of the Bastille, the trial of the Duke d'Enghien, and the foiling of the Malet coup.
1762 Theodorus Frederik van Capellen a Dutch naval officer. He was married to Petronella de Lange. Alexandrine Tinné, female explorer and pioneering photographer, was his granddaughter
1766 John Dalton an English chemist, meteorologist and physicist. He is best known for his pioneering work in the development of modern atomic theory, and his research into colour blindness
1767 Fedor Fedorovich Levisa a Russian lieutenant general of the Napoleonic Wars. His family had originally had the surname Lewis before migrating from Scotland to the Baltic in 1630 - by the time of Fedor's birth, it had become a noble family and settled in Livonia
1772 Login Geiden a Dutch Admiral who commanded a squadron of the Imperial Russian Navy in the Battle of Navarino.
1775 Aleksey Greig an admiral of the Imperial Russian Navy. He was the son of Admiral Samuel Greig, brother-in-law of Mary Somerville, and father of Samuil Greig, Russian Minister of Finance
1783 Armand Beauvais a Justice of the Peace, a Member of the Louisiana House of Representatives, Speaker of the Louisiana House of Representatives, President of the Louisiana Senate and the seventh Governor of Louisiana.
1792 Mario Mattei an Italian Cardinal, of the Roman noble House of Mattei. He became Dean of the College of Cardinals in 1860
1795 Frances Wright a Scottish-born lecturer, writer, freethinker, feminist, abolitionist, and social reformer, who became a S. citizen in 1825. That year she founded the Nashoba Commune in Tennessee as a utopian community to prepare slaves for emancipation, intending to create an egalitarian place, but it lasted only three years. Her Views of Society and Manners in America brought her the most attention as a critique of the new nation
1795 Achille Baraguey d'Hilliers a Marshal of France and politician.
1797 William Smith (Virginia governor) a lawyer, congressman, the 30th and 35th Governor of Virginia, and a Major General in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. On his appointment in January 1863, at the age of 65, Smith was the oldest Confederate general to hold field command in the war
1797 Innocent of Alaska a Russian Orthodox missionary priest, then the first Orthodox bishop and archbishop in the Americas, and finally the Metropolitan of Moscow and all Russia. Remembered for his missionary work, scholarship, and leadership in Alaska and the Russian Far East during the 19th century, he is known for his abilities as a scholar, linguist, and administrator, as well as his great zeal for his work
1798 Pavel Nikolaievich Demidov a Russian nobleman of the Demidov dynasty.
1800 Catharine Beecher an American educator known for her forthright opinions on female education as well as her vehement support of the many benefits of the incorporation of kindergarten into children's education.
1802 Alcide d'Orbigny a French naturalist who made major contributions in many areas, including zoology , palaeontology, geology, archaeology and anthropology.
1808 Károly Knezić a honvéd general in the Hungarian Army. On his father's side he had Croatian roots. His mother was the magyar Borbála Benkő. He was executed for his part in the Hungarian Revolution of 1848, and is considered one of the 13 Martyrs of Arad
1808 Abdelkader El Djezairi an Algerian religious and military leader who led a struggle against the French colonial invasion in the mid-19th century. An Islamic scholar and Sufi who unexpectedly found himself leading a military campaign, he built up a collection of Algerian tribesmen that for many years successfully held out against one of the most advanced armies in Europe. His consistent regard for what would now be called human rights, especially as regards his Christian opponents, drew widespread admiration, and a crucial intervention to save the Christian community of Damascus from a massacre in 1860 brought honours and awards from around the world. Within Algeria, his efforts to unite the country against foreign invaders saw him hailed as the "modern Jugurtha," and his ability to combine religious and political authority has led to his being acclaimed as the "Saint among the Princes, the Prince among the Saints"
1809 Bruno Bauer a German philosopher and historian. As a student of W. Hegel, Bauer was a radical Rationalist in philosophy, politics and Biblical criticism. Bauer investigated the sources of the New Testament and, beginning with Hegel's Hellenophile orientation, concluded that early Christianity owed more to ancient Greek philosophy than to Judaism. Bruno Bauer is also known by his association and sharp break with Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, and by his later association with Max Stirner and Friedrich Nietzsche. Starting in 1840, he began a series of works arguing that Jesus was a 2nd-century fusion of Jewish, Greek, and Roman theology
1811 Joanna Courtmans a Flemish writer.
1813 Isaac Butt Q.C., M.P. was an Irish barrister, politician, Member of Parliament , and the founder and first leader of a number of Irish nationalist parties and organisations, including the Irish Metropolitan Conservative Society in 1836, the Home Government Association in 1870 and in 1873 the Home Rule League
1813 John Cassin an American ornithologist. A Pennsylvania Quaker and businessman, he took up an unpaid position as curator of the Philadelphia Academy of Natural Sciences and published several books, and described numerous species of bird
1814 George-Étienne Cartier a French-Canadian statesman and Father of Confederation. The English spelling of the name, George, instead of Georges, the usual French spelling, is explained by his having been named in honour of King George III
1815 St. John Richardson Liddell a prominent Louisiana planter who served as a general in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. He was an outspoken proponent of Southern emancipation of slaves. Liddell was murdered by a former Confederate Officer near his home in 1870
1817 Mihail Kogălniceanu a Moldavian-born Romanian liberal statesman, lawyer, historian and publicist; he became Prime Minister of Romania on October 11, 1863, after the 1859 union of the Danubian Principalities under Domnitor Alexandru Ioan Cuza, and later served as Foreign Minister under Carol He was several times Interior Minister under Cuza and Carol. A polymath, Kogălniceanu was one of the most influential Romanian intellectuals of his generation. Siding with the moderate liberal current for most of his lifetime, he began his political career as a collaborator of Prince Mihail Sturdza, while serving as head of the Iași Theater and issuing several publications together with the poet Vasile Alecsandri and the activist Ion Ghica. After editing the highly influential magazine Dacia Literară and serving as a professor at Academia Mihăileană, Kogălniceanu came into conflict with the authorities over his Romantic nationalist inaugural speech of 1843. He was the ideologue of the abortive 1848 Moldavian revolution, authoring its main document, Dorințele partidei naționale din Moldova
1817 Alexander Tilloch Galt a politician and a father of Canadian Confederation.
1819 William Rosecrans an American inventor, coal-oil company executive, diplomat, politician, and U.S. Army officer. He gained fame for his role as a Union general during the American Civil War. He was the victor at prominent Western Theater battles, but his military career was effectively ended following his disastrous defeat at the Battle of Chickamauga in 1863
1824 Hiram Berdan an American engineer, inventor and military officer, world-renowned marksman, and guiding force behind and commanding colonel of the famed United States Volunteer Sharpshooter Regiments during the American Civil War. He was the inventor of the Berdan rifle, the Berdan centerfire primer and numerous other weapons and accessories
1825 Giovanni Fattori an Italian artist, one of the leaders of the group known as the Macchiaioli. He was initially a painter of historical themes and military subjects. In his middle years, inspired by the Barbizon school, he became one of the leading Italian plein-airists, painting landscapes, rural scenes, and scenes of military life. After 1884, he devoted much energy to etching
1825 Ivan Timofeevich Kokorev a Russian writer.
1826 Heinrich von Maltzan Baron zu Wartenburg und Penzlin German traveller. Born near Dresden