Born on September 7

355 Claudius Silvanus a Roman general of Frankish descent, usurper in Gaul against Emperor Constantius II for 28 days in AD 355.
1388 Gian Maria Visconti the second Visconti Duke of Milan, the son of Gian Galeazzo Visconti and Caterina Visconti.
1395 Reginald West 6th Baron De La Warr the second son of Thomas West, 1st Baron West and Joan La Warre , widow of Ralph de Wilington of Sandhurst, Gloucestershire, and daughter of Roger La Warr, 3rd Baron De La Warr , by his second wife, Eleanor Mowbray, daughter of John de Mowbray, 3rd Baron Mowbray. He had an elder brother, Thomas West, 2nd Baron West, a younger brother, John, and a sister Joan, who married firstly Richard Delabere and secondly William Catesby. He inherited the title of Baron West when his brother Thomas West, 2nd Baron West, was accidentally killed at sea on 29 or 30 September 1416, and the title Baron De La Warr in 1427 at the death of his uncle, Thomas la Warr, 5th Baron De La Warr
1438 Louis II Landgrave of Lower Hesse the Landgrave of Lower Hesse from 1458 - 1471.
1524 Thomas Erastus a Swiss physician and theologian best known for a posthumously published work in which he argued that the sins of Christians should be punished by the state, and not by the church withholding the sacraments. A generalization of this idea, that the state is supreme in church matters, is known somewhat misleadingly as Erastianism
1533 Elizabeth I of England Queen of England and Ireland from 17 November 1558 until her death. Sometimes called The Virgin Queen, Gloriana or Good Queen Bess, the childless Elizabeth was the fifth and last monarch of the Tudor dynasty. Elizabeth was the daughter of Henry VIII by second wife, Anne Boleyn, who was executed two and a half years after Elizabeth's birth. Anne's marriage to Henry VIII was annulled, and Elizabeth was declared illegitimate. Her half-brother, Edward VI, ruled until his death in 1553, bequeathing the crown to Lady Jane Grey and ignoring the claims of his two half-sisters, Elizabeth and the Roman Catholic Mary, in spite of statute law to the contrary. However, Edward's will was set aside and Mary became queen, deposing Lady Jane Grey. During Mary's reign, Elizabeth was imprisoned for nearly a year on suspicion of supporting Protestant rebels
1541 Hernando de Cabezón a Spanish composer and organist, son of Antonio de Cabezón. Only a few of his works are extant today, and he is chiefly remembered for publishing the bulk of his father's work
1541 Luigi Groto a blind Italian poet, lutenist, playwright and actor. Groto was born in Veneto and lost his sight eight days after birth. He studied philosophy and literature with such success that at the age of 15 he was already a public orator. He was often in Venice as an envoy from Veneto, and entertained with public performances of his songs. In 1565 he was appointed president of the newly founded Academy of Illustrati of Adria. He died in Venice, having just come from the theater where he had played the role of the blind King Oedipus. In 1623 Filippo Bonaffino set some of his poetry to music in a book of madrigals
1614 Gustaf Otto Stenbock a Swedish soldier and politician.
1615 John Birch (soldier) an English politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1646 and 1691. He fought for the Parliamentary cause in the English civil war
1633 Catharina Regina von Greiffenberg an Austrian poet of the Baroque era.
1635 Paul I Prince Esterházy the first Prince Esterházy of Galántha from 1687 to 1713, Palatine of the Kingdom of Hungary from 1681 to 1713, and an Imperial Field Marshal. Paul was also an accomplished poet, harpsichordist, and composer. He actively participated in various battles against the Ottoman Turks during the Fourth Austro-Turkish War and the Great Turkish War. Paul is credited with establishing the wealth, power, and influence of the Princely House of Esterházy
1641 Tokugawa Ietsuna the fourth shogun of the Tokugawa dynasty of Japan who was in office from 1651 to 1680. He was the eldest son of Tokugawa Iemitsu, thus making him the grandson of Tokugawa Hidetada and the great-grandson of Tokugawa Ieyasu
1664 Johann Georg von Eckhart a German historian and linguist.
1667 Florent-Jean de Vallière a French artillery officer of the 18th century. He was lieutenant-general of the King's Armies. In 1726, de Vallière became Director-General of the Battalions and Schools of the Artillery
1671 Antoine Danchet a French playwright, librettist and dramatic poet.
1683 Maria Anna of Austria an Archduchess of Austria and Queen consort of Portugal. She was also Regent of Portugal from 1742 until 1750 during the illness of her husband King John V of Portugal
1694 Johan Ludvig Holstein-Ledreborg a Minister of State of Denmark.
1705 Matthäus Günther an important German painter and artist of the Baroque and Rococo era.
1707 Georges-Louis Leclerc Comte de Buffon a French naturalist, mathematician, cosmologist, and encyclopedic author.
1717 Martin Dobrizhoffer an Austrian Roman Catholic missionary and writer.
1723 Jacques Pierre Abbatucci a Corsican who became an officer in the army of Genoese Corsica, ancien regime France and the First French Republic.
1725 William Duesbury an important enameller and British entrepreneur, founder of the Royal Crown Derby and owner of porcelain factories at Bow, Chelsea, Derby and Longton Hall.
1726 François-André Danican Philidor a French composer and chess player. He contributed to the early development of the opéra comique. He was also regarded as the best chess player of his age; his book Analyse du jeu des Échecs was considered a standard chess manual for at least a century, and a well-known chess opening and a checkmate method are both named after him
1740 Johan Tobias Sergel a Swedish neoclassical sculptor, born in Stockholm.
1756 Willem Bilderdijk Dutch poet, the son of an Amsterdam physician. When he was six years old an accident to his foot incapacitated him for ten years, and he developed habits of continuous and concentrated study. His parents were ardent partisans of the House of Orange-Nassau, and Bilderdijk grew up with strong monarchical and Calvinistic convictions
1769 Karoline Pichler an Austrian novelist. She was born in Vienna to Hofrat Franz Sales von Greiner and his wife Charlotte, née Hieronimus
1774 Johann Jakob Bernhardi a German doctor and botanist.
1777 Heinrich Stölzel a German horn player who developed some of the first valves for brass instruments. He developed the first valve for a brass instrument such as the trumpet {1814} and many others, the Stölzel valve, in 1814, and went on to develop various other designs, some jointly with other inventor musicians
1782 Princess Marie of Baden (1782–1808) a Duchess consort of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel and Brunswick-Oels. She was married to Frederick William, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, 1 November 1802. She was the daughter of Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden, and Landgravine Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt
1789 Friedrich Wilhelm Schadow a German Romantic painter.
1791 Giuseppe Gioachino Belli an Italian poet, famous for his sonnets in Romanesco, the dialect of Rome.
1795 John William Polidori an English writer and physician. He is known for his associations with the Romantic movement and credited by some as the creator of the vampire genre of fantasy fiction. His most successful work was the 1819 short story, The Vampyre, the first published modern vampire story. Although originally and erroneously accredited to Lord Byron, both Byron and Polidori affirmed that the story is Polidori's
1801 Sarel Cilliers a Voortrekker leader and a preacher. With Andries Pretorius, he led the Boers to a huge victory over the Zulus at the Battle of Blood River in 1838. In particular, Cilliers lead the Voortrekkers in a vow which promised that if God would protect them and deliver the enemy into their hands, they would build a church and commemorate the day of their victory as if it were an annual Sabbath day, which their descendants would also be instructed to honour
1803 George Bonham a British colonial governor, who became the 3rd Governor of Hong Kong.
1805 Julie Dorus-Gras a Belgian operatic soprano. Both give the singer's nationality as Belgian. Forbes in Sadie and Kuhn both describe her as a "South Netherlands soprano"; Spire Pitou does not specify nationality. Forbes , Kuhn, and Pitou give the singer's date of birth as 7 September 1805, while Warrack gives 9 September 1805, which is likely an error
1805 Modest Ivanovitch Bogdanovich a Russian lieutenant-general and military historian. A nephew of the poet Ippolit Bogdanovich, Modest became an officer in 1823 and served in the war against the Poles. In 1839 he became professor of military history and strategy at the St Petersburg Military Academy
1806 Christian August Friedrich Peters a German astronomer. He was the father of astronomer Carl Friedrich Wilhelm Peters. He was born in Hamburg and died in Kiel
1807 Henry Sewell a prominent 19th-century New Zealand politician. He was a notable campaigner for New Zealand self-government, and is generally regarded as having been the country's first Premier, having led the Sewell Ministry in 1856
1808 William Lindley an English engineer who together with his sons designed water and sewerage systems for over 30 cities across Europe.
1810 Hermann Heinrich Gossen often regarded as the first to elaborate a general theory of marginal utility.
1811 Karl Anton Prince of Hohenzollern head of the Princely House of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, Hohenzollern from 1869 and Prime Minister of Prussia. He was the son of Charles, Prince of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, who abdicated in favor of his son on 27 August 1848, and his first wife Marie Antoinette Murat, niece of Joachim Murat
1811 William H. Emory an United States Army officer and surveyor of Texas.
1813 Emil Korytko a Polish political activist in the period of the Great Emigration, who was exiled to Ljubljana, Carniola and became an important ethnographer, philologist and translator there. His legacy are collections of Slovene folk poems and vivid descriptions of Carniolan folk customs. He significantly contributed to the mutual dialogue between Polish and Slovene authors and readers
1815 Howell Cobb an American political figure. A Southern Democrat, Cobb was a five-term member of the United States House of Representatives and Speaker of the House from 1849 to 1851. He also served as a Secretary of Treasury under President James Buchanan and the 40th Governor of Georgia
1815 John McDouall Stuart a Scottish explorer and one of the most accomplished of all Australia's inland explorers.
1816 Ferdinand Ritter von Hebra an Austrian physician and dermatologist. He is known as the founder of the New Vienna School of Dermatology, an important group of physicians who set the basis for modern dermatology
1817 Louise of Hesse-Kassel Queen of Denmark as the wife of King Christian IX of Denmark.
1818 Thomas Talbot (Massachusetts) the 31st Governor of Massachusetts, and a major textile manufacturer in Billerica, Massachusetts.
1819 Jeanne Sylvanie Arnould-Plessy a French stage actress.