Died on September 7

251 Sima Yi a general and politician of the state of Cao Wei in the Three Kingdoms period. He is perhaps best known for defending Wei from Zhuge Liang's Northern Expeditions. His success and subsequent rise in prominence paved the way for his grandson Sima Yan's founding of the Jin dynasty, which would eventually bring an end to the Three Kingdoms era. In 265 after the Jin dynasty was established, Sima Yi was posthumously honoured as Emperor Xuan of Jin with the temple name of Gaozu
781 Alchmund of Hexham consecrated on 24 April 767; the see was centred on the church there founded by Saint Wilfrid.
1134 Alfonso the Battler the king of Aragon and Navarre from 1104 until his death in 1134. He was the second son of King Sancho Ramírez and successor of his brother Peter With his marriage to Urraca, queen regnant of Castile, León and Galicia, in 1109, he began to use, with some justification, the grandiose title Emperor of Spain, formerly employed by his father-in-law, Alfonso Alfonso the Battler earned his sobriquet in the Reconquista. He won his greatest military successes in the middle Ebro, where he conquered Zaragoza in 1118 and took Ejea, Tudela, Calatayud, Borja, Tarazona, Daroca, and Monreal del Campo. He died in September 1134 after an unsuccessful battle with the Muslims at the Battle of Fraga
1151 Geoffrey Plantagenet Count of Anjou the Count of Anjou, Touraine, and Maine by inheritance from 1129 and then Duke of Normandy by conquest from 1144. By his marriage to the Empress Matilda, daughter and heiress of Henry I of England, Geoffrey had a son, Henry Curtmantle, who succeeded to the English throne and founded the Plantagenet dynasty to which Geoffrey gave his nickname
1288 Agnes of Dampierre Lady of Bourbon and heiress of all Bourbon estates. She was the daughter of Archambaud IX de Dampierre and Yolande II, Countess of Nevers. She married John of Burgundy, the son of Hugh IV, Duke of Burgundy. Her daughter, Beatrix of Bourbon, married Robert, Count of Clermont in 1272 and their eldest son Louis I, le Boiteux became the first Duke of Bourbon
1312 Ferdinand IV of Castile a king of Castile and León and Galicia. He was a son of Sancho El Bravo and his wife Maria de Molina
1354 Andrea Dandolo elected the 54th doge of Venice in 1343, replacing Bartolomeo Gradenigo who died in late 1342.
1362 Joan of the Tower born in the Tower of London, was the first wife and Queen consort of David II of Scotland.
1394 Adolf III of the Marck the Bishop of Münster from 1357 until 1363, the Archbishop of Cologne in 1363, the Count of Cleves from 1368 until 1394, and the Count of Mark from 1391 until 1393.
1458 Maria of Castile Queen of Aragon Queen consort of Aragon and Naples as the spouse of Alfonso V of Aragon. Maria acted as the regent of Aragon during the reign of her spouse, as he was absent during most of his reign; her regencies lasted between 1420 and 1423 and between 1432 and 1458. She was also briefly Princess of Asturias in her own right as the heiress presumptive to the throne of Castile
1464 Frederick II Elector of Saxony Elector of Saxony and was Landgrave of Thuringia.
1496 Ferdinand II of Naples King of Naples from 1495 to 1496. He was the son and successor of Alphonso II, and heir of the Brienne claim to kingdom of Jerusalem
1531 Gregor Haloander a German legal scholar. He authored a recension of the Digest of Roman law
1559 Robert Estienne a 16th-century printer and classical scholar in Paris. He was a former Catholic who became a Protestant late in his life and the first to print the Bible divided into standard numbered verses
1566 Suleiman the Magnificent the tenth and longest-reigning Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, from 1520 to his death in 1566.
1566 Nikola Šubić Zrinski a Croatian nobleman and general in service of Habsburg Monarchy, ban of Croatia from 1542 to 1556, and member of the Zrinski noble family. He was known across Europe for his involvement with the Battle of Szigetvár and is today seen as a hero by both Hungarians and Croats
1573 Joanna of Austria Princess of Portugal the mother of Sebastian of Portugal, and later regent of Spain for her brother, Philip II of Spain.
1606 George X of Kartli a king of the eastern Georgian kingdom of Kartli from 1599 until his death.
1619 Melchior Grodziecki a Polish Jesuit priest. He is considered as a martyr and saint by the Catholic Church. Canonized in 1995 he is liturgically commemorated on the 7 September
1619 Marko Krizin a Croatian Roman Catholic priest, professor of theology and missionary, who was active in the 17th century. In the course of the struggle between Catholicism and Calvinism in the region then, he was executed for his faith. He has been declared a saint by the Catholic Church, the third Croat to be so honored
1620 Aart van Antum a Dutch marine-painter.
1622 Denis Godefroy a French jurist, a member of the noted Godefroy family. He worked in France and Germany
1644 Guido Bentivoglio an Italian cardinal, statesman and historian.
1655 François Tristan l'Hermite a French dramatist who wrote under the name Tristan l'Hermite. He was born at the Château de Soliers in the Haute Marche
1657 Arvid Wittenberg or Arvid Wirtenberg von Debern , Swedish count, field marshal and privy councillor. Born in Porvoo, Finland, died in prison in Zamość, Poland, 7 September 1657. Arvid Wittenberg preferred call himself by the original Wittenberg family name, which was Wirtenberg von Debern
1685 William Carpenter (Rhode Island) a co-founder of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations. He was listed by 1655 as a "freeman" of the colony
1719 John Harris (writer) an English writer, scientist, and Anglican priest. He is best known as the editor of the Lexicon Technicum: Or, A Universal English Dictionary of Arts and Sciences , the earliest of English encyclopaedias; as the compiler of the Collection of Voyages and Travels, published under his name; and as the author of an unfinished county history of Kent
1720 Eusèbe Renaudot a French theologian and Orientalist.
1728 Henry Clinton 7th Earl of Lincoln the son of Francis Clinton, 6th Earl of Lincoln and his second wife Susan Penniston, daughter of Anthony Penniston. Upon his father's death in 1693, he became the 7th Earl of Lincoln, a peerage he held until his death in 1728
1729 William Burnet (colonial administrator) a British civil servant and colonial administrator who served as governor of New York and New Jersey and Massachusetts and New Hampshire. Born into a position of privilege , Burnet was well educated, tutored among others by Isaac Newton
1731 Eudoxia Lopukhina the first wife of Peter I of Russia. They married in 1689 but divorced in 1698. She is the mother of Tsarevich Alexei Petrovich and the paternal grandmother of Peter II of Russia
1741 Blas de Lezo a Spanish admiral and one of the greatest commanders and strategists in the history of the Spanish Navy. He is best remembered for his defensive tactics at the Battle of Cartagena de Indias in modern-day Colombia, where Spanish forces won a decisive victory against the British navy commanded by admiral Vernon
1763 Prince Georg Ludwig of Holstein-Gottorp a Prussian lieutenant-general and an Imperial Russian field marshal.
1798 Peter Frederik Suhm a Danish-Norwegian historian.
1799 Jan Ingenhousz a Dutch physiologist, biologist and chemist. He is best known for showing that light is essential to photosynthesis and thus having discovered photosynthesis. He also discovered that plants, like animals, have cellular respiration. In his lifetime he was best known for successfully inoculating the members of the Habsburg family in Vienna against smallpox in 1768 and subsequently being the private counsellor and personal physician to the Austrian Empress Maria Theresa
1799 Louis-Guillaume Le Monnier a French natural scientist and contributor to the Encyclopédie ou Dictionnaire raisonné des sciences, des arts et des métiers.
1801 Princess Charlotte Amalie of Hesse-Philippsthal Duchess and regent from 1763 to 1782 of Saxe-Meiningen.
1809 Caroline Schelling a noted German intellectual. She was one of the so-called Universitätsmamsellen, a group of five academically active women during the 18th-and 19th century, daughters of academics on Göttingen University, alongside Meta Forkel-Liebeskind, Therese Huber, Philippine Engelhard, and Dorothea Schlözer
1809 Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke the founder and the first monarch of the reigning House of Chakri of Siam. His full title is Phra Bat Somdet Phra Poramoruraja Maha Chakri Borommanat Phraphutthayotfa Chulalok. He ascended the throne in 1782, after defeating a rebellion which had deposed King Taksin of Thonburi. He was also celebrated as the founder of Rattanakosin as the new capital of the reunited kingdom. Rama I was born from a Mon family where his father served in the royal court in the Kingdom of Ayutthaya, and had served King Taksin in wars against the Burmese Konbaung dynasty and helped him in the reunification of Siam. During this time he emerged as Siam's most powerful military leader. In 1782, he took control of Siam and crowned himself as the monarch
1812 Auguste-Jean-Gabriel de Caulaincourt a French cavalry commander who rose to the rank of general during the First French Empire. He was the son of French general and senator Gabriel-Louis de Caulaincourt and younger brother of general and diplomat Armand Augustin Louis de Caulaincourt
1812 Louis-Pierre Montbrun appointed to command his regiment, having served therein from trooper upwards.
1814 Pierre Victor baron Malouet a French slave-owner, conservative publicist and monarchist politician, who signed as an "Émigré" the Whitehall Accord.
1819 Jean-Louis Duport a cellist and composer.
1831 Samuel L. Mitchill an American physician, naturalist, and politician who lived in Plandome, New York.
1833 Hannah More an English religious writer and philanthropist. She can be said to have made three reputations in the course of her long life: as a poet and playwright in the circle of Johnson, Reynolds and Garrick, as a writer on moral and religious subjects, and as a practical philanthropist
1837 Fabian Gottlieb von Osten-Sacken a Baltic-German Field Marshal who led the Russian army against the Duchy of Warsaw and later governed Paris during the city's brief occupation by the anti-French coalition.
1840 Jacques MacDonald a Marshal of France and military leader during the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars.
1848 Abraham Kohn the Reform Chief Rabbi of Lemberg, and was poisoned to death.
1854 Jacques-François Ancelot a French dramatist and litterateur.
1862 Adrien de Gasparin a French statesman and agriculturist.