Died on September 8

701 Pope Sergius I Pope from 15 December 687 to his death in 701. He was elected at a time when two rivals, the archdeacon Paschal and the archpriest Theodore, and their supporters were locked in dispute about which of them should become pope
780 Leo IV the Khazar Byzantine Emperor from 775 to 780 AD.
1100 Antipope Clement III an Italian prelate, archbishop of Ravenna, who was elected pope in 1080 in opposition to Pope Gregory VII. Gregory was the leader of the movement in the church which opposed the traditional claim of European monarchs to control ecclesiastical appointments, and this was opposed by supporters of monarchical rights led by the Holy Roman Emperor. This led to the conflict known as the Investiture Controversy. Gregory was felt by many to have gone too far when he excommunicated the Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV and supported a rival claimant as emperor, and in 1080 the pro-imperial Synod of Brixen pronounced that Gregory was deposed and replaced as pope by Guibert
1397 Thomas of Woodstock 1st Duke of Gloucester the fourteenth and youngest child of King Edward III of England and Philippa of Hainault. He was the fifth of the five sons of Edward III who survived to adulthood
1425 Charles III of Navarre King of Navarre from 1387 to his death and Count of Évreux from 1387 to 1404, when he exchanged it for the title Duke of Nemours. He spent his reign improving the infrastructure of his kingdom, restoring Navarre's pride after the dismal reign of his father, Charles the Bad, and mending strained relations with France
1476 Jean II Duke of Alençon the son of John I of Alençon and his wife Marie of Brittany, Lady of La Guerche , daughter of John V, Duke of Brittany and Joan of Navarre. He succeeded his father as Duke of Alençon and Count of Perche as a minor in 1415, after the latter's death at the Battle of Agincourt. He is best known as a general in the Last Phase of the Hundred Years' War and for his role as a comrade-in-arms of Joan of Arc, who called him "le beau duc"
1519 Hōjō Sōun the first head of the Late Hōjō clan, one of the major powers in Japan's Sengoku period. Born Ise Moritoki, he was originally known as Ise Shinkurō, a samurai of Taira lineage from a reputable family of Shogunate officials. Although he only belonged to a side branch of the main, more prestigious Ise family, he fought his way up, gaining territory and changing his name in imitation of the illustrious Hōjō
1523 Maciej Miechowita a Polish renaissance scholar, professor of Jagiellonian University, historian, chronicler, geographer, medical doctor , alchemist, astrologist and canon in Cracow.
1539 John Stokesley an English church leader who was Catholic Bishop of London during the reign of Henry VIII.
1548 John III of Pernstein High Treasurer of Moravia from 1506 and 1516 and Landeshauptmann of Moravia from 1515 to 1519 and from 1526 to 1528 and Governor of Moravia from 1530 to 1532. From 1537 to 1548, he was Count of Kladsko and pledge lord of the County of Kladsko
1560 Amy Robsart the first wife of Lord Robert Dudley, favourite of Elizabeth I of England. She is primarily known for her death by falling down a flight of stairs, the circumstances of which have often been regarded as suspicious. Amy Robsart was the only child of a substantial Norfolk gentleman and at nearly 18 married Robert Dudley, a son of John Dudley, 1st Duke of Northumberland. In 1553 Robert Dudley was condemned to death and imprisoned in the Tower of London, where Amy Dudley was allowed to visit him. After his release the couple lived in strait financial circumstances until, with the accession of Elizabeth I in late 1558, Dudley became Master of the Horse, an important court office. The Queen soon fell in love with him and there was talk that Amy Dudley, who did not follow her husband to court, was suffering from an illness, and that Elizabeth would perhaps marry her favourite should his wife die. The rumours grew more sinister when Elizabeth remained single against the common expectation that she would accept one of her many foreign suitors
1569 Mikołaj Rej a Polish poet and prose writer of the emerging Renaissance in Poland as it succeeded the Middle Ages, as well as a politician and musician. He was the first Polish author to write exclusively in the Polish language, and is considered , to be one of the founders of Polish literary language and literature
1608 Jerónimo Xavierre a Spanish Dominican theologian.
1613 Carlo Gesualdo an Italian nobleman, lutenist, composer and murderer.
1627 Juan Sánchez Cotán a Spanish Baroque painter, a pioneer of realism in Spain. His still lifes—also called bodegones—were painted in an austere style, especially when compared to similar works in Netherlands and Italy
1637 Robert Fludd a prominent English Paracelsian physician. He is remembered as an astrologer, mathematician, cosmologist, Qabalist and Rosicrucian apologist
1644 John Coke an English office holder and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1621 and 1629.
1644 Francis Quarles an English poet most famous for his Emblem book aptly entitled Emblems.
1645 Francisco de Quevedo a Spanish nobleman, politician and writer of the Baroque era. Along with his lifelong rival, Luis de Góngora, Quevedo was one of the most prominent Spanish poets of the age. His style is characterized by what was called conceptismo. This style existed in stark contrast to Góngora's culteranismo
1646 Nicolas Faret a French statesman, writer, scholar and translator. He translated Eutropius's Roman History
1650 Elizabeth Stuart (1635–1650) the second daughter of King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland and his wife, Henrietta Maria of France. From the age of six until her early death at the age of fourteen she was a prisoner of Parliament during the English Civil War. Her emotional written account of her final meeting with her father on the eve of his execution and his final words to his children have been published in numerous histories about the war and King Charles I
1654 Peter Claver a Spanish Jesuit priest and missionary born in Verdú who, due to his life and work, became the patron saint of slaves, the Republic of Colombia and ministry to African Americans. During the 40 years of his ministry in Colombia it is estimated he personally baptized around 300,000 people. He is also patron saint for seafarers
1656 Joseph Hall (bishop) an English bishop, satirist and moralist. His contemporaries knew him as a devotional writer, and a high-profile controversialist of the early 1640s. In church politics, he tended in fact to a middle way
1675 Amalia of Solms-Braunfels a regent of Orange. She was the wife of Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange. She was the daughter of count John Albert I of Solms-Braunfels and countess Agnes of Sayn-Wittgenstein
1678 Pietro della Vecchia an Italian painter also known as Pietro Muttoni.
1682 Juan Caramuel y Lobkowitz a Spanish Catholic scholastic philosopher, ecclesiastic, mathematician and writer.
1704 Francisco Bances Candamo a playwright of the Spanish Golden Age.
1719 Carlo Cignani an Italian painter of the Bolognese and of the Forlivese school, active in the Baroque period.
1721 Michael Brokoff a Czech sculptor of the Baroque era, working with sandstone.
1755 Ephraim Williams a soldier from the Province of Massachusetts Bay who was killed in the French and Indian War. He was the benefactor of Williams College, located in northwestern Massachusetts. The school's athletic programs, the Ephs , are named after Williams
1757 Hans Karl von Winterfeldt born at Vanselow Castle in Swedish Pomerania, he was Lord of several estates. His education was imperfect, and in later life he always regretted his want of familiarity with the French language. He entered the cuirassier regiment of his uncle, Major-General von Winterfeld until 1720, and was promoted cornet after two years service. But he was fortunate enough, by his stature and soldierly bearing, to attract the notice of Frederick William I, who transferred him to the so-called giant regiment of grenadiers as a lieutenant. Before long he became a personal aide-de-camp to the king, and in 1732 he was sent with a party of selected non-commissioned officers to assist in the organization of the Russian army
1761 Bernard Forest de Bélidor a French engineer, significant to the development of the science of hydraulics and ballistics.
1780 Enoch Poor a brigadier general in the Continental Army in the American Revolutionary War. He was a ship builder and merchant from Exeter, New Hampshire
1780 Jeanne-Marie Leprince de Beaumont a French author who wrote the best known version of Beauty and the Beast. She had a relationship with the spy for the British Thomas Pichon
1784 Ann Lee the leader of the United Society of Believers in Christ’s Second Appearing, or Shakers.
1800 Ernest Frederick Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld a Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld.
1800 Pierre Gaviniès a French violinist and composer.
1806 Patrick Cotter O'Brien the first of only thirteen people in medical history to stand at a verified height of eight feet or more. O'Brien was born in Kinsale, County Cork, Ireland. His real name was Patrick Cotter and he adopted O'Brien as his stage name in the sideshow circus. He was also known as the Bristol Giant and the Irish Giant
1811 Peter Simon Pallas a German zoologist and botanist who worked in Russia.
1811 Andreyan Zakharov a Russian architect and representative of the Empire style. His designs also alternated neoclassicism with eclecticism
1811 Mikhail Abramovich Popov a Russian businessman and politician, merchant of the second guild and the first mayor of Perm.
1812 Aleksander Antoni Sapieha a Polish nobleman, miecznik of the Duchy of Warsaw, naturalist, traveler, politician, chamberlain and adjutant of Emperor Napoleon I.
1814 Maria Carolina of Austria Queen of Naples and Sicily as the wife of King Ferdinand IV & III. As de facto ruler of her husband's kingdoms, Maria Carolina oversaw the promulgation of many reforms, including the revocation of the ban on Freemasonry, the enlargement of the navy under her favourite, John Acton, 6th Baronet, and the expulsion of Spanish influence. She was a proponent of enlightened absolutism until the advent of the French Revolution, when, in order to prevent its ideas gaining currency, she made Naples a police state
1814 Thomas Spence an English Radical and advocate of the common ownership of land.
1822 Sophie de Condorcet a prominent salon hostess from 1789 to the Reign of Terror, and again from 1799 until her death in 1822. She was the wife, then widow, of the mathematician and philosopher Nicolas de Condorcet, who died during the Reign of Terror. Despite his death, and the exile of her brother Marshal Emmanuel, Marquis de Grouchy between 1815 and 1821, she maintained her own identity and was well-connected and influential before, during, and after the French Revolution
1831 John Aitken (music publisher) a Scottish-American music publisher.
1831 Rajnold Suchodolski a Polish poet.
1834 Gustav Schübler a German naturalist, and the founder of applied meteorology in Germany.
1845 Vasily Sternberg a Russian landscape and genre painter.
1845 William James Müller an English landscape and figure painter, the best-known artist of the Bristol School.