Born on September 9

214 Aurelian Roman Emperor from 270 to 275. Born in humble circumstances, he rose through the military ranks to become emperor. During his reign, he defeated the Alamanni after a devastating war. He also defeated the Goths, Vandals, Juthungi, Sarmatians, and Carpi. Aurelian restored the Empire's eastern provinces after his conquest of the Palmyrene Empire in 273. The following year he conquered the Gallic Empire in the west, reuniting the Empire in its entirety. He was also responsible for the construction of the Aurelian Walls in Rome, and the abandonment of the province of Dacia
384 Honorius (emperor) Western Roman Emperor from 395 to 423. He was the younger son of emperor Theodosius I and his first wife Aelia Flaccilla, and brother of Arcadius, who was the Eastern Emperor from 395 until his death in 408
1191 Conrad II Duke of Bohemia a member of Přemyslid dynasty, son of Duke Conrad II of Znojmo. He was the duke of Znojmo from 1177 until he was made margrave of Moravia from 1182 to 1186. He was then duke of Bohemia from 1189 to his death. Conrad was the son of Conrad I, Duke of Moravia, part of Znojmo and of the Serb princess Maria of the Vukanović dynasty, and thus grandson of the zhoupan Uroš I of Serbia. Conrad was grandson of first duke of Znojmo Luitold
1230 Siegfried II (Archbishop of Mainz) archbishop of Mainz from 1200 to 1230.
1349 Albert III Duke of Austria Duke of Austria from 1365 until his death.
1427 Thomas de Ros 9th Baron de Ros a follower of the House of Lancaster during the Wars of the Roses.
1466 Ashikaga Yoshitane the 10th shogun of the Ashikaga shogunate who headed the shogunate first from 1490 to 1493 and then again from 1508 to 1521 during the Muromachi period of Japan.
1513 Archibald Campbell 2nd Earl of Argyll a Scottish nobleman and politician who was killed at the Battle of Flodden.
1513 Adam Hepburn 2nd Earl of Bothwell a Scottish nobleman, who succeeded his father Patrick Hepburn, 1st Earl of Bothwell in 1508. Prior to that, he was known by one of his territorial designations, Adam Hepburn of Crags, under which he drew up his Testament
1558 Philippe Emmanuel Duke of Mercœur a French soldier and prominent member of the Catholic League.
1585 Cardinal Richelieu a French clergyman, noble and statesman. He was consecrated as a bishop in 1607 and was appointed Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs in 1616. Richelieu soon rose in both the Catholic Church and the French government, becoming a Cardinal in 1622, and King Louis XIII's chief minister in 1624. He remained in office until his death in 1642; he was succeeded by Cardinal Mazarin, whose career he had fostered
1616 Nicolás de Villacis a Spanish Baroque painter from Murcia, a disciple of Diego Velázquez.
1711 Thomas Hutchinson (governor) a businessman, historian, and a prominent Loyalist politician of the Province of Massachusetts Bay in the years before the American Revolution. A successful merchant and politician, Hutchinson was active at high levels of the Massachusetts government for many years, serving as lieutenant governor and then governor from 1758 to 1774. He was a politically polarising figure who, despite initial opposition to Parliamentary tax laws directed at the colonies, came to be identified by John Adams and Samuel Adams as a proponent of hated British taxes. He was blamed by Lord North for being a significant contributor to the tensions that led the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War
1721 Fredrik Henrik af Chapman a Swedish shipbuilder, scientist and officer in the Swedish navy. He was also manager of the Karlskrona shipyard 1782-1793. Chapman is credited as the first person to apply scientific methods to shipbuilding and is considered to be the first naval architect
1731 Francisco Javier Clavijero a Novohispano Jesuit teacher, scholar and historian. After the expulsion of the Jesuits from Spanish colonies , he went to Italy, where he wrote a valuable work on the pre-Columbian history and civilizations of Mesoamerica and the central Mexican altiplano
1737 Luigi Galvani an Italian physician, physicist and philosopher who lived and died in Bologna. In 1780, he discovered that the muscles of dead frogs legs twitched when struck by an electrical spark.:67–71 This was one of the first forays into the study of bioelectricity, a field that still studies the electrical patterns and signals of the nervous system
1742 Alexander Ablesimov a Russian opera librettist, poet, dramatist, satirist and journalist.
1754 William Bligh an officer of the British Royal Navy and a colonial administrator. A historic mutiny occurred during his command of HMS Bounty in 1789; Bligh and his loyal men made a remarkable voyage to Timor, 3,618 nautical miles , after being set adrift in the Bounty's launch by the mutineers. Fifteen years after the Bounty mutiny, he was appointed Governor of New South Wales in Australia, with orders to clean up the corrupt rum trade of the New South Wales Corps, resulting in the so-called Rum Rebellion
1755 Benjamin Bourne an American jurist and politician from Bristol, Rhode Island. He represented Rhode Island in the U.S. House of Representatives and served as a judge in both the federal district and federal appellate courts
1774 Salomon Mayer von Rothschild a German-born banker in the Austrian Empire and the founder of the Austrian branch of the prominent Mayer Amschel Rothschild family.
1775 Guillaume Capelle a French administrator and politician. He served under Napoleon and under the Bourbon Restoration. In 1830 he was briefly Minister of Public Works on the eve of the July Revolution
1777 James Carr (Massachusetts politician) son of U.S. Congressman Francis Carr, was a member of the United States House of Representatives from Maine, then a District of Massachusetts
1778 Clemens Brentano a German poet and novelist, and a major figure of German Romanticism.
1789 Menachem Mendel Schneersohn an Orthodox rabbi, leading 19th century posek, and the third Rebbe of the Chabad Lubavitch chasidic movement.
1789 William Cranch Bond an American astronomer, and the first director of Harvard College Observatory.
1791 José María Paz an Argentine military figure, notable in the Argentine War of Independence and the Argentine Civil War.
1792 Lev Perovski a Russian nobleman and mineralogist who also served as Minister of Internal Affairs under Nicholas I of Russia.
1793 José Ignacio de Márquez a Colombian statesman, lawyer and professor, who served as Vice President of Colombia under the presidency of Francisco de Paula Santander, and subsequently was elected President of the Republic of the New Granada for the presidential term of 1837 to 1841.
1798 Joseph Anselm Feuerbach a German classical philologist and archaeologist.
1801 Moritz von Jacobi a German engineer and physicist born in Potsdam. Jacobi worked mainly in Russia. He furthered progress in galvanoplastics, electric motors, and wire telegraphy
1804 Duke Alexander of Württemberg (1804–1885) the father of Prince Francis of Teck and the grandfather of Mary of Teck, wife of King George V.
1817 Johann Gottfried Piefke a German conductor, Kapellmeister and composer of military music.
1820 Giacomo Zanella an Italian poet.
1821 James Smetham an English Pre-Raphaelite painter and engraver, a follower of Dante Gabriel Rossetti.
1822 Prince Napoléon Bonaparte the second son of Jérôme Bonaparte, king of Westphalia, by his wife Catherine, princess of Württemberg. He soon rendered himself popular by playing on his family ties to Napoleon After the French revolution of 1848 he was elected to the National Assembly of France as a representative of Corsica
1823 Valerian Maykov a Russian Empire author and literary critic, son of painter Nikolay Maykov, brother of poet Apollon and novelist Vladimir Maykovs. Valerian Maykov, once a Petrashevsky Circle associate, was considered by contemporaries as heir to Belinsky's position of Russia's leading critic, and later credited for being arguably the first in Russia to introduce scientific approach to the art of literary criticism
1823 Joseph Leidy an American paleontologist.
1826 Frederick I Grand Duke of Baden the sixth Grand Duke of Baden from 1856 to 1907.
1828 Leo Tolstoy a Russian novelist, short story writer, philosopher and playwright who primarily wrote novels and short stories. Tolstoy was a master of realistic fiction and is widely considered one of the greatest novelists of all time. He is best known for two long novels, War and Peace and Anna Karenina. Tolstoy first achieved literary acclaim in his 20s with his semi-autobiographical trilogy of novels, Childhood, Boyhood, and Youth and Sevastopol Sketches , based on his experiences in the Crimean War. His fiction output also includes two additional novels, dozens of short stories, and several famous novellas, including The Death of Ivan Ilyich, Family Happiness, and Hadji Murad. Later in life, he also wrote plays and essays
1829 Konrad Knoll a German sculptor.
1832 Petro Nishchynsky a Ukrainian linguist and composer. He was born in the village of Nemenka, currently in the Vinnytsia Oblast of Ukraine
1834 Joseph Henry Shorthouse an English novelist.
1839 Maria Swanenburg a Dutch serial killer, who murdered at least 27, and was suspected of killing more than 90 people.
1839 Devil Anse Hatfield the patriarch of the Hatfield clan during the infamous Hatfield–McCoy feud which has since formed a part of American folklore. Devil Anse himself survived the feud and agreed to end it in 1891
1842 Elliott Coues an American army surgeon, historian, ornithologist and author.
1843 Oscar Montelius a Swedish archaeologist who refined the concept of seriation, a relative chronological dating method. Seriation is the procedure of working out a chronology by arranging material remains of a cultural tradition in the order that produces the most consistent patterning of their cultural traits
1843 Alejandro Ferrant y Fischermans a Spanish painter.
1844 Ivan Makarovich Orbeliani a Georgio-Russian general and governor of Kutaisi.
1844 Wilhelm von Branca a German geologist and paleontologist.
1849 Rienzi Melville Johnston an American newspaperman and Democratic Party politician from Houston, Texas. He headed the Houston Post for many years, and in 1913 served a month in the United States Senate when Governor Colquitt appointed him to complete the term of the resigned Senator Bailey