Died on September 9

1087 William the Conqueror the first Norman King of England, reigning from 1066 until his death in 1087. The descendant of Viking raiders, he had been Duke of Normandy since 1035 under the style William After a long struggle to establish his power, by 1060 his hold on Normandy was secure, and he launched the Norman conquest of England in 1066. The rest of his life was marked by struggles to consolidate his hold over England and his continental lands and by difficulties with his eldest son
1285 Kunigunda of Halych Queen consort of Bohemia and its Regent from 1278 until her death. She was a member of the House of Chernigov, and a daughter of Rostislav Mikhailovich
1398 James I of Cyprus Regent of Cyprus for his infant nephew Peter from 1369. When Peter died in 1382, James became King of Cyprus that year. James was also titular King of Armenia and titular King of Jerusalem 1382–1398
1438 Edward King of Portugal King of Portugal and the Algarve and second Lord of Ceuta from 1433 until his death. He was born in Viseu, the son of John I of Portugal and his wife, Philippa of Lancaster, a daughter of John of Gaunt. Duarte was the oldest member of the Ínclita Geração
1487 Chenghua Emperor Emperor of the Ming dynasty in China, between 1464 and 1487. His era name means "Accomplished change"
1488 Francis II Duke of Brittany Duke of Brittany from 1458 to his death. He was the son of Richard of Brittany and the grandson of Duke John A recurring theme in Francis' life would be his quest to maintain the independence of Brittany from France. As such, his reign was characterised by conflicts with King Louis XI of France and with his daughter, Anne of France, who served as regent during the minority of her brother, Charles VIII. The armed and unarmed conflicts between 1484-1488 have been called the Mad War and also the War of the Public Weal
1513 Alexander Stewart (archbishop of St Andrews) an illegitimate son of King James IV of Scotland by his mistress Marion Boyd. He was the King's eldest illegitimate child. He was an elder brother of Catherine Stewart his only full sibling, a half brother to James Stewart, Margaret Stewart and Janet Stewart the other royal illegitimate children of James IV and his mistresses. He was an older half-brother of James V
1513 James IV of Scotland the King of Scots from 11 June 1488 to his death. He is generally regarded as the most successful of the Stewart monarchs of Scotland, but his reign ended with the disastrous defeat at the Battle of Flodden Field, where he became the last monarch from not only Scotland, but also from all of Great Britain, to be killed in battle
1513 Matthew Stewart 2nd Earl of Lennox a prominent Scottish nobleman. Stewart was the son of John Stewart, 1st Earl of Lennox, and Margaret Montgomerie, daughter of Alexander, Master of Montgomerie
1515 Joseph Volotsky a prominent caesaropapist ideologist of the Russian Orthodox Church who led the party defending monastic landownership.
1545 Charles II de Valois Duke of Orléans the third son of Francis I and Claude of France.
1556 Edward Courtenay 1st Earl of Devon an English nobleman during the rule of the Tudor dynasty. Born into a family with close royal connections, he was at various times considered a possible match for the two daughters of his first cousin, Henry VIII, both of whom became queens regnant of England
1569 Pieter Bruegel the Elder a Flemish Renaissance painter and printmaker known for his landscapes and peasant scenes. He is sometimes referred to as the "Peasant Bruegel". From 1559, he dropped the "h" from his name and signed his paintings as Bruegel
1583 Humphrey Gilbert a half-brother of Sir Walter Raleigh and cousin of Sir Richard Grenville. Adventurer, explorer, member of parliament, and soldier, he served during the reign of Queen Elizabeth and was a pioneer of the English colonial empire in North America and the Plantations of Ireland
1596 Anna Jagiellon queen of Poland from 1575 to 1586. She was the daughter of Poland's King Sigismund I the Old, and the wife of Stephen Báthory. She was elected, along with her then fiancé, Báthory, as co-ruler in the second election of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. Anna was the last member of the Jagiellon dynasty
1603 George Carey 2nd Baron Hunsdon the eldest son of Henry Carey, 1st Baron Hunsdon and Anne Morgan. His father was first cousin to Elizabeth I of England. In 1560, at the age of 13, George matriculated at Trinity College, Cambridge. In 1566 he accompanied the Earl of Bedford on an official mission to Scotland, to attend the baptism of the future King James VI
1611 Eleanor de' Medici a daughter of Francesco I de' Medici and Joanna of Austria, daughter of Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor, and Anna of Bohemia and Hungary. She was a family member of the famous House of Medici and the sister of Marie de' Medici the Queen of France. By marriage she was Duchess consort of Mantua
1612 Nakagawa Hidenari a Japanese daimyo in the Azuchi-Momoyama to Edo period. He was the 2nd son of Nakagawa Kiyohide
1626 Abraham Govaerts a Flemish painter who specialized in small cabinet-sized forest landscapes in the manner of Jan Brueghel the Elder and Gillis van Coninxloo.
1676 Paul de Chomedey Sieur de Maisonneuve a French military officer and the founder of Montreal in New France.
1680 Henry Marten (regicide) an English lawyer and politician who sat in the House of Commons in two periods between 1640 and 1653. He was an ardent republican and a regicide of King Charles I of England
1693 Ihara Saikaku a Japanese poet and creator of the "floating world" genre of Japanese prose.
1720 Philippe de Courcillon a French officer and author.
1755 Johann Lorenz von Mosheim a German Lutheran church historian.
1770 Bernhard Siegfried Albinus a German-born Dutch anatomist.
1771 Robert Wood (antiquarian) a British traveller, classical scholar, civil servant and politician.
1792 Charles d'Abancour a French statesman, minister to Louis XVI.
1793 Peter Perez Burdett an 18th-century cartographer, surveyor, artist, and draughtsman originally from Eastwood in Essex where he inherited a small estate and the name Perez from his maternal grandfather who was the clergyman there. He would have been notable just for his many appearances in Joseph Wright's pictures but he was also involved with numerous projects including surveying the route for one of the major projects of the industrial revolution, the Leeds and Liverpool Canal, in 1769. He has been described as "if not in the centre at least in the penumbra of the Lunar Society of Birmingham". He spent the last years of his life in Karlsruhe, avoiding debtors, but still active in German society. His German daughter married a Count
1806 William Paterson (judge) a New Jersey statesman, a signer of the U.S. Constitution, and Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court, who served as the 2nd governor of New Jersey, from 1790 to 1793
1806 Gui-Jean-Baptiste Target a French lawyer and politician.
1809 August Ludwig von Schlözer a German historian who laid foundations for the critical study of Russian history.
1813 George I Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont from 1812 to 1813.
1815 John Singleton Copley an American painter, active in both colonial America and England. He was probably born in Boston, Massachusetts, to Richard and Mary Singleton Copley, both Anglo-Irish. He is famous for his portrait paintings of important figures in colonial New England, depicting in particular middle-class subjects. His paintings were innovative in their tendency to depict artifacts relating to these individuals' lives
1832 Bernhard Klein a German composer.
1834 James Weddell a British sailor, navigator and seal hunter who in February of 1823 sailed to latitude of 74°15' S and into a region of the Southern Ocean that later became known as the Weddell Sea.
1835 Princess Agnes of Hohenlohe-Langenburg a member of the House of Hohenlohe-Langenburg and a Princess of Hohenlohe-Langenburg by birth. Through her marriage to Constantine, Hereditary Prince of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg, Agnes was also a member of the House of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg and Hereditary Princess of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg. Through her daughter Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg, Agnes is an ancestor to numerous Roman Catholic European royal families
1841 Augustin Pyramus de Candolle a Swiss botanist. René Louiche Desfontaines launched Candolle's botanical career by recommending him at an herbarium. Within a couple of years Candolle had established a new genus, and he went on to document hundreds of plant families and create a new natural plant classification system. Although Candolle's main focus was botany, he also contributed to related fields such as phytogeography, agronomy, paleontology, medical botany, and economic botany
1848 Mirza Adigozal bey an Azerbaijani historian of the 19th century, author of a historical work-“Garabaghname”. He studied at maktab, in Shusha. From the beginning of the 19th century, he was in the governmental and military-administrative service of Russia. He was captain of the Imperial Russian Army
1848 Alexander Mikhailovsky-Danilevsky a Russian Lieutenant General, Senator, military writer, historian and author of the first official history of the War of 1812, written in four volumes on the instructions of Nicholas I.
1849 Grand Duke Michael Pavlovich of Russia a Russian nobleman, the tenth child and fourth son of Paul I of Russia and Sophie Dorothea of Württemberg. He was born in Petersburg
1861 Collin McKinney a land surveyor, merchant, politician, and lay preacher. He is best known as an important figure in the Texas Revolution, as one of the five individuals who drafted the Texas Declaration of Independence and the oldest person to sign it
1864 Giorgi Eristavi a Georgian playwright, poet, journalist, and the founder of modern Georgian theatre.
1869 Otto Jahn a German archaeologist, philologist, and writer on art and music.
1871 Stand Watie a leader of the Cherokee Nation and a brigadier general of the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. He commanded the Confederate Indian cavalry of the Army of the Trans-Mississippi, made up mostly of Cherokee, Muskogee and Seminole, and was the final Confederate general in the field to surrender at war's end
1877 Filippo Parlatore an Italian botanist.
1883 Victor Puiseux a French mathematician and astronomer. Puiseux series are named after him, as is in part the Bertrand–Diquet–Puiseux theorem
1891 Jules Grévy a President of the French Third Republic and one of the leaders of the Opportunist Republicans faction. Given that his predecessors were monarchists who tried without success to restore the French monarchy, Grévy is seen as the first real republican President of France
1893 Friedrich Traugott Kützing a German pharmacist, botanist and phycologist.
1894 Heinrich Karl Brugsch a German Egyptologist. He was associated with Auguste Mariette in his excavations at Memphis. He became director of the School of Egyptology at Cairo, producing numerous very valuable works and pioneering the decipherment of Demotic, the simplified script of the later Egyptian periods
1896 Luigi Palmieri an Italian physicist and meteorologist. He was famous for his scientific studies of the eruptions of Mount Vesuvius, for his researches on earthquakes and meteorological phenomena and for improving the seismographer of the time