September 1771 in history

Born in September 1771

Sep 5 Archduke Charles Duke of Teschen an Austrian field-marshal, the third son of emperor Leopold II and his wife Infanta Maria Luisa of Spain. He was also the younger brother of Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor. Despite being epileptic, Charles achieved respect both as a commander and as a reformer of the Austrian army. He was considered one of Napoleon's most formidable opponents
Sep 11 Mungo Park (explorer) a Scottish explorer of the African continent. He was the first Westerner known to have travelled to the central portion of the Niger River
Sep 17 Johann August Apel a German writer and jurist. Apel was born and died in Leipzig
Sep 21 François-Joseph-Philippe de Riquet the 16th Prince de Chimay from 24 July 1804 to 1843.
Sep 23 Emperor Kōkaku the 119th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.
Sep 24 Jean-Andoche Junot a French general during the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars.
Sep 25 Nikolay Raevsky a Russian general and statesman who achieved fame for his feats of arms during the Napoleonic Wars. His family left a lasting legacy in Russian society and culture

Died in September 1771

Sep 9 Robert Wood (antiquarian) a British traveller, classical scholar, civil servant and politician.
Sep 17 Tobias Smollett a Scottish poet and author. He was best known for his picaresque novels, such as The Adventures of Roderick Random and The Adventures of Peregrine Pickle , which influenced later novelists such as Charles Dickens. George Orwell admired Smollett very much. His novels were amended liberally by printers; a definitive edition of each of his works was edited by O. Brack, to correct variants