September events in history

September 9, 9 Arminius' alliance of six Germanic tribes ambushes and annihilates three Roman legions of Publius Quinctilius Varus in the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest
September 18, 14 Tiberius is confirmed as Roman emperor by the Roman Senate following the natural death of Augustus
September 22, 66 Roman Emperor Nero creates the Legion I Italica
September 7, 70 A Roman army under Titus occupies and plunders Jerusalem
September 8, 70 Roman forces under Titus sack Jerusalem
September 14, 81 Domitian becomes Emperor of the Roman Empire upon the death of his brother Titus
September 18, 96 Nerva is proclaimed Roman emperor after Domitian is assassinated
September 28, 235 Pope Pontian resigns. He and Hippolytus, church leader of Rome, are exiled to the mines of Sardinia
September 25, 275 In Rome, (after the assassination of Aurelian), the Senate proclaims Marcus Claudius Tacitus Emperor
September 3, 301 San Marino, one of the smallest nations in the world and the world's oldest republic still in existence, is founded by Saint Marinus
September 16, 307 Emperor Severus II is captured and imprisoned at Tres Tabernae. He is later executed (or forced to commit suicide) after Galerius unsuccessfully invades Italy
September 18, 324 Constantine the Great decisively defeats Licinius in the Battle of Chrysopolis, establishing Constantine's sole control over the Roman Empire
September 14, 326 Helena of Constantinople discovers the True Cross and the Holy Sepulchre (Jesus's tomb) in Jerusalem
September 13, 335 Emperor Constantine the Great consecrated the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem
September 19, 335 Flavius Dalmatius is raised to the rank of Caesar by his uncle, emperor Constantine I
September 9, 337 Constantine II, Constantius II, and Constans succeed their father Constantine I as co-emperors. The Roman Empire is divided between the three Augusti
September 28, 351 Battle of Mursa Major: the Roman Emperor Constantius II defeats the usurper Magnentius
September 28, 365 Roman usurper Procopius bribes two legions passing by Constantinople, and proclaims himself Roman emperor
September 12, 372 Sixteen Kingdoms: Jin Xiaowudi, age 10, succeeds his father Jin Jianwendi as Emperor of the Eastern Jin dynasty
September 13, 379 Yax Nuun Ayiin I is coronated as 15 Ajaw of Tikal
September 6, 394 Battle of the Frigidus: Roman Emperor Theodosius I defeats and kills the usurper Eugenius and his Frankish magister militum Arbogast
September 2, 421 Galla Placidia, wife of the Emperor Constantius III, becomes a widow for the second time when he dies suddenly of an illness
September 21, 455 Emperor Avitus enters Rome with a Gallic army and consolidates his power
September 17, 456 Remistus, Roman general (magister militum), is besieged by a Gothic force at Ravenna and later executed in the Palace in Classis, outside the city
September 1, 462 Possible start of first Byzantine indiction cycle
September 4, 476 Romulus Augustulus, last emperor of the Western Roman Empire, is deposed when Odoacer proclaims himself "King of Italy", thus ending the Western Roman Empire
September 30, 489 Battle of Verona: The Ostrogoths under king Theoderic the Great defeat the forces of Odoacer for the second time at Verona (Northern Italy)
September 10, 506 The bishops of Visigothic Gaul meet in the Council of Agde
September 9, 533 A Byzantine army of 15,000 men under Belisarius lands at Caput Vada (modern Tunisia) and marches to Carthage
September 13, 533 Belisarius of the Byzantine Empire defeats Gelimer and the Vandals at the Battle of Ad Decimum, near Carthage, North Africa
September 3, 590 Consecration of Pope Gregory I (Gregory the Great)
September 8, 617 Battle of Huoyi: Li Yuan defeats a Sui Dynasty army, opening the path to his capture of the imperial capital Chang'an and the eventual establishment of the Tang Dynasty
September 20, 622 Muhammad and Abu Bakr arrived Medina
September 4, 626 Li Shimin, posthumously known as Emperor Taizong of Tang, assumes the throne over the Tang dynasty of China
September 14, 629 Emperor Heraclius enters Constantinople in triumph after his victory over the Persian Empire
September 19, 634 Siege of Damascus: The Rashidun Arabs under Khalid ibn al-Walid capture Damascus from the Byzantine Empire
September 15, 668 Eastern Roman Emperor Constans II is assassinated in his bath at Syracuse, Italy
September 3, 673 King Wamba of the Visigoths puts down a revolt by Hilderic, governor of Nîmes (France) and rival for the throne
September 26, 715 Ragenfrid defeats Theudoald at the Battle of Compiègne
September 1, 717 Siege of Constantinople: The Muslim armada with 1,800 ships, is defeated by the Byzantine navy through the use of Greek fire
September 30, 737 Battle of the Baggage: Turgesh drive back an Umayyad invasion of Khuttal, follow them south of the Oxus and capture their baggage train
September 25, 762 Led by Muhammad al-Nafs al-Zakiyya, the Hasanid branch of the Alids begins the Alid Revolt against the Abbasid Caliphate
September 14, 786 "Night of the three Caliphs": Harun al-Rashid becomes the Abbasid caliph upon the death of his brother al-Hadi. Birth of Harun's son al-Ma'mun
September 3, 863 Major Byzantine victory at the Battle of Lalakaon against an Arab raid
September 7, 878 Louis the Stammerer was crowned as King of West Francia by Pope John VIII
September 22, 904 The warlord Zhu Quanzhong kills Emperor Zhaozong, the penultimate emperor of the Tang dynasty, after seizing control of the imperial government
September 5, 917 Liu Yan declares himself emperor, establishing the Southern Han state in southern China, at his capital of Panyu
September 15, 921 At Tetin, Saint Ludmila is murdered at the command of her daughter-in-law
September 28, 935 Saint Wenceslas is murdered by his brother, Boleslaus I of Bohemia
September 15, 994 Major Fatimid victory over the Byzantine Empire at the Battle of the Orontes